What is thinking?
Thinking is purposeful, organised process that we use to make sense of the world.
Types of thinking?
There are 2 types of thinking:
1. Creative thinking:
Random, Intuitive, Holistic, Synthesizing, Subjective, Looks at wholes
2. Critical thinking
Logical, Sequential, Rational, Analytical, Objective, Looks at parts
What is Critical Thinking?
Critical thinking is general term given to a wide range of cognitive and intellectual skills needed to:
-Effectively identify, analyze and evaluate arguments.
-Discover and overcome personal prejudices and biases.
-Formulate and present convincing reasons in support of
-Make reasonable, intelligent decisions about what to
believe and what to do.
Critical Thinking Standards?
Universal intellectual standards are standards which must be applied to thinking. To think critically requires having command of these standards
Clarity is the gateway standard. If a statement is unclear, we cannot
determine whether it is accurate or relevant. In fact, we cannot tell
anything about it because we don't yet know what it is saying.
A statement can be clear but not accurate
A statement can be both clear and accurate, but not precise.
A statement can be clear, accurate and precise, but not relevant to the question at issue.
A statement can be clear, accurate, precise and relevant, but superficial.
A line of reasoning may be clear, accurate, precise, relevant and deep, but still ignore another side of the argument.
When the combination of thoughts are mutually supporting and make sense in combination, the thinking is "logical."
We do not naturally consider the rights and needs of others on the same plane with their own rights and needs, but to be a good thinker you should apply “Fairness” in your thinking.
Benefits of Critical Thinking
- Helps us avoid making foolish decision.
- Helps us become a good citizen capable of making good
decisions on important social, political and economic
- Helps us in developing good thinking skill capable of
examining our own assumptions and dogmas.