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*nix basics!

Mayur_Pipaliya Oct 17th, 2013 34 Never
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  1. *nix basics!
  2.  
  3. Do you know any person`s name associated to *nix.
  4. # Linus Torvalds (Linus)
  5. # Richard Matthew Stallman (RMS)
  6.  
  7. How do you check file type
  8. # file <filename.extension>
  9.  
  10. How do one create hidden file/folder in *nix
  11. # Basically start file/folder with "." (dot) !
  12. # mkdir .HiddenDirectory
  13. # echo > .HiddenFile
  14.  
  15. How do one List hidden files (dot files) ('a' stands for all files)
  16. # ls -a
  17.  
  18. Give me names of few *nix distributions/OS
  19. # CentOS/RedHat/Fedora
  20. # Debian/Ubuntu/LinuxMint/Google Chrome OS
  21. # Android / FreeBSD / OpenBSD / iOS
  22.  
  23.  
  24. Install Package in Ubuntu/Debian/Mint/ChromeOS
  25. # apt-get install <package>
  26.  
  27. Install package in CentOS/Fedora/RedHat
  28. # yum install <package>
  29.  
  30.  
  31. To get documentation about any installed command.
  32. # man <command>
  33.  
  34. To check how much time taken by any command executed.
  35. # time ls
  36. or
  37. # time sleep 1
  38.  
  39. To change password of current user
  40. # passwd
  41.  
  42. What are common *nix file editors?
  43. # vi
  44. # vim
  45. # nano
  46.  
  47. Tell me few *nix commands! ;)
  48. ls cat echo man whereis whoami which who last less df cp mv rm chmod chown mkdir rmdir zip kill pkill pwd passwd sleep ln grep vi sed find touch wget
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