Test 1. Define Each

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  1. computer
  2. a person who makes calculations, especially with a calculating machine.
  4. system
  5. a group of related hardware units or programs or both, especially when dedicated to a single application.
  7. software
  8. the programs and other operating information used by a computer.
  10. hardware
  11. the machines, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or other electronic system.
  13. pc
  14. a computer designed for use by one person at a time.
  16. server
  17. a computer or computer program which manages access to a centralized resource or service in a network.
  19. input devices
  20. an input device is a piece of computer hardware equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.
  22. output devices
  23. An output device is any piece of computer hardware equipment which converts information into human-readable form.
  25. ram
  26. is an acronym for random access memory, a type of computer memory that can be accessed randomly; that is, any byte of memory can be accessed without touching the preceding bytes.
  28. rom
  29. Read-only memory is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
  31. cpu
  32. is the abbreviation for central processing unit. Sometimes referred to simply as the central processor, but more commonly called a processor
  34. alu
  35. An arithmetic logic unit is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.
  37. cmos battery
  38. A battery that maintains the time, date, hard disk and other configuration settings in the CMOS memory. CMOS batteries are small and are attached directly to the motherboard
  40. chipset
  41. a collection of integrated circuits that form the set needed to make an electronic device such as a computer motherboard or portable telephone.
  43. bios
  44. a set of computer instructions in firmware which control input and output operations.
  46. usb
  47. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a common interface that enables communication between devices and a host controller such as a personal computer
  49. sata
  50. Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
  52. pata
  53. (Parallel ATA) The original "integrated drive electronics" (IDE) technology that transferred data from the hard disk over a parallel data channel to the motherboard.
  55. arpanet
  56. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network was an early packet-switching network and the first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite.
  58. networking
  59. the linking of computers to allow them to operate interactively.
  61. netiquette
  62. the correct or acceptable way of communicating on the Internet.
  64. wifi
  65. a facility allowing computers, smartphones, or other devices to connect to the Internet or communicate with one another wirelessly within a particular area.
  67. lifi
  68. LiFi is a wireless optical networking technology that uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for data transmission.
  70. virus
  71. is a small software program that can spread from one computer system to another and cause interferences with computer operations.
  73. abacus
  74. is a simple device you can use to make manual mathematical calculations by sliding counters along rows of wires set inside a frame.
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