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JBP Present Authoring (Virtues)

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Aug 18th, 2017
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  1. Present Authoring: Virtues
  2.  
  3. Introduction: Virtues Analysis
  4.  
  5. This exercise has been designed to allow you to do an in-depth analysis of some of the positive aspects or virtues of your personality. It is the partner exercise to the faults analysis section of the present authoring exercise. It is our hope that constructing a clearer picture of your virtues will help you understand the impact of your personality traits on your life in the past, present, and future.
  6.  
  7. You can complete this exercise whether you are in a good, bad or neutral mood (while the faults analysis should not be completed if you are feeling down). This exercise will take you 60-90 minutes, depending on your choices. You will be asked first to read some information about basic personality theory and then to select 2-10 virtues from each of five lists of virtues (one list per basic personality trait).
  8.  
  9. Then you will be presented with the virtues you have selected, and asked to choose a final list of the virtues you think have most impacted your life. You will be asked to write for about 10 minutes, later, for each virtue you choose, after you have rank-ordered them in importance. We recommend that you choose 6-9 virtues (for 60 to 90 minutes of work), but you can choose as many as you like. Just remember that you will be asked to write about each one. You will be asked to describe how this virtue has strengthened you in the past; what you might have done differently to have made things even better; and what you could do now and in the future to increase the power and effect of this virtue.
  10.  
  11.  
  12.  
  13. Completing the Exercise 1
  14.  
  15. During this exercise, you will be presented with a series of pages either providing you with information, or asking you to describe aspects of your personality and experiences.
  16.  
  17. You may proceed through the exercise by clicking the Next button.
  18.  
  19. You can go back to previous pages by clicking Previous.
  20.  
  21. Each time you click Next or Previous, the data you have entered on that page will be saved. You can also save your data while remaining on the same page by clicking Save. In addition, many of the pages where you are asked to write for longer periods of time will automatically save every minute or so.
  22.  
  23. You may quit the exercise any time by clicking Exit/Home or shutting down your browser. If the current page is a page you have been writing on, remember to click Save before exiting. The text that you entered on previous pages will have already been saved.
  24.  
  25. You can come back to the exercise later, and resume your work. All your previous work will be waiting for you, and will be taken to the last point in the exercise you had completed.
  26.  
  27.  
  28.  
  29. Completing the Exercise 2
  30.  
  31. On many pages, you will not be able to successfully click Next or Previous unless you have provided a minimum of necessary text. If you do not, you will receive an error message, and the text box in question will be highlighted in red.
  32.  
  33. Text boxes also have a maximum length. Pay attention, as you write, to the numbers above the text boxes. Numbers like [180 / 1000] indicate that you have typed 180 characters out of a maximum allowable of 1000. When you go over the maximum, the numbers above the text box become red. Clicking Next, Previous, or Save will result in an error message and you will not be able to proceed to the Next or Previous page. To resolve this, edit your text until the number of characters is less than or equal to the maximum. These limitations have been established so that you do not get stalled at any point in the process.
  34.  
  35. We do encourage you to write in some detail, however, subject to those limitations. Our research indicates that better results are obtained as the amount written by participants increases.
  36.  
  37. There is a progress bar in the top right portion of the screen, which displays the percentage of the exercise that you have already completed. If you hover over the bar with the mouse, you can see approximately how much time it will still take to complete the exercise.
  38.  
  39. You may use the Index to jump to any page you have already completed. Clicking the [Index] link will open the index. Clicking it again will close it. Remember to click Save to save any work on the current page before using the index to jump to another page.
  40.  
  41. After you have completed the exercise, you will be taken to a Summary page. You can use that page to email yourself a copy of your writing.
  42.  
  43. ========================================
  44.  
  45. Part I: Background Knowledge
  46.  
  47. To complete the following exercise, there are a number of things that are useful to know (you may have encountered this information previously if you have completed the faults analysis exercise, but it might be worthwhile to review it):
  48.  
  49. Everybody's personality is composed of two higher-order traits. The first higher-order trait is known as plasticity, and can be thought of as the tendency to be flexible, exploratory, curious and quick to adapt. The second higher-order trait is known as stability, and can be thought of as the tendency to be structured, organized, emotionally stable and focused.
  50.  
  51.  
  52.  
  53. Plasticity
  54.  
  55. Plasticity, the first higher-order trait, can be further broken down into two sub-traits: Extraversion (the tendency to be enthusiastic and dominant) and Openness (the tendency to be open-minded and intelligent).
  56.  
  57. Extraversion (Outgoing vs Reserved)
  58.  
  59. - Sociable
  60. - Active
  61. - Adventurousness
  62. - Positive
  63. - Excitement-Seeking
  64. - Gregarious
  65.  
  66. Openness (Original vs Traditional)
  67.  
  68. - Fantasy-prone
  69. - Aesthetically-minded
  70. - Philosophical
  71. - Creative
  72. - Intuitive
  73. - Intellectual
  74.  
  75. Stability
  76.  
  77. Stability, the second higher-order trait, can be further broken down into three sub-traits: Conscientiousness (the tendency to be orderly and industrious), Emotional Stability (lack of negative emotional volatility and the tendency to withdraw), and Agreeableness (politeness and compassion, as opposed to belligerence or aggression).
  78.  
  79. Conscientiousness (Conscientious vs Carefree)
  80.  
  81. - Competent
  82. - Orderly
  83. - Decisive
  84. - Achievement-oriented
  85. - Self-disciplined
  86. - Deliberate
  87. - Industrious
  88.  
  89.  
  90. Emotional Stability (Calm vs Nervous)
  91.  
  92. - Anxious (reversed)
  93. - Angry (reversed
  94. - Hostile (reversed)
  95. - Depressed (reversed)
  96. - Self-Conscious (reversed)
  97. - Vulnerable (reversed)
  98.  
  99. Agreeableness (Agreeable vs Assertive/Aggressive)
  100.  
  101. - Warm
  102. - Trusting
  103. - Straightforward
  104. - Altruistic
  105. - Modest
  106. - Compliant
  107. - Tender-minded
  108. - Nice
  109.  
  110. ========================================
  111.  
  112. Part II: Impact of Personality Traits
  113.  
  114. There are advantages and disadvantages to each trait, particularly at the extremes. Extremely sociable, extraverted people can be dominant and impulsive, while introverted, quiet people can easily become isolated and depressed. Extremely open people can be scattered and overwhelmed by their own thoughts and ideas, while closed-minded people may become narrow and inflexible. Exceptionally conscientious people can be obsessive about order, judgmental and rigid, while their more carefree counterparts may be messy, undisciplined and careless. People very high in emotional stability may engage in risky, dangerous behavior, while those who are more neurotic can become so preoccupied by anxiety and pain that they are unable to function. Finally, extremely agreeable people may never stand up for themselves, while those who are too assertive can be aggressive, callous and bullying.
  115.  
  116.  
  117. Change
  118.  
  119. Personality is reasonably stable over the lifespan, and is also powerfully influenced by hereditary or genetic factors. Despite this, personality can broaden or even transform. As people age, for example, they tend to become more agreeable, conscientious and emotionally stable.
  120. Changing personality means changing habits of action, presumption and perception. Personality change requires the formulation of clear future goals, as well as discipline and practice. People who are too agreeable can learn to stand up for themselves. Disorderly people can become more conscientious. Introverted people can become socially skilled. People who experience paralyzing levels of negative emotion can learn to explore.
  121.  
  122.  
  123. Extraversion/Introversion
  124.  
  125. Select Relevant Items
  126.  
  127. Please select the positive traits or virtues that apply to you. You can select up to 10 traits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the positive descriptions are less descriptive of you, as you will get to specify the most relevant positive attributes later, when you make your final selections, prior to writing.
  128.  
  129. + Can be the life of the party
  130. + Feel comfortable around people
  131. + Easily start conversations
  132. + Talk to a lot of different people at social occasions
  133. + Don't mind being the center of attention
  134. + Make friends easily
  135. + Can take charge and lead
  136. + Know how to captivate people
  137. + Feel at ease with people
  138. + Am skilled in handling social situations
  139. + Am often happy
  140. + Make other people laugh and have fun
  141. + Am enthusiastic about new opportunities
  142. + Am fun to be around
  143. + Like to invite people out or at home to socialize
  144. + Can listen well
  145. + Do not dominate conversations
  146. + Am rarely or never too loud
  147. + Do not spend my money on a whim
  148. + Do not party or socialize excessively
  149. + Do not attract undue attention to myself
  150. + Do not always talk about myself
  151. + Am not grandiose or arrogant
  152. + Am comfortable alone
  153. + Enjoy time in natural surroundings
  154. + Do not always need to seek excitement or novelty
  155. + Am rarely impulsive
  156. + Do not always have to be the center of attention
  157. + Let other people have the spotlight
  158. + Think before I act
  159.  
  160.  
  161. Openness/Traditionalism
  162.  
  163. Select Relevant Items
  164.  
  165. Please select the positive traits or virtues that apply to you. You can select up to 10 traits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the positive descriptions are less descriptive of you, as you will get to specify the most relevant positive attributes later, when you make your final selections, prior to writing.
  166.  
  167. + Am full of ideas
  168. + Am quick to understand things
  169. + Can handle a lot of information
  170. + Carry the conversation to a higher level
  171. + Catch on to things quickly
  172. + Have a rich vocabulary
  173. + Am philosophically inclined
  174. + Have a vivid imagination
  175. + Am a creative person
  176. + Have excellent ideas
  177. + Am always learning new things
  178. + Spend time reflecting on things
  179. + Am entrepeneurial
  180. + Have a lot of insight into myself and others
  181. + Can always see new possibility in things
  182. + Believe that the tried and true way is the right way
  183. + Am a very sensible person
  184. + Never follow fads
  185. + Respect authority
  186. + See the value in tradition and custom
  187. + Do not believe in change for the sake of change
  188. + Am seldom or never bothered by strange thoughts or feelings
  189. + Am stable in my moral beliefs
  190. + Try not to introduce unnecessary change into my life
  191. + Am concerned that my parents or relatives approve of my decisions
  192. + Do not upset my parents or other cultural authorities with doubts and questions
  193. + Am a down-to-earth person
  194. + Am not flighty or unpredictable
  195. + Am seldom attracted by foolish, new-age ideas
  196. + Am resistant to radical, dangerous thoughts
  197.  
  198.  
  199. Conscientiousness/Carelessness
  200.  
  201. Select Relevant Items
  202.  
  203. Please select the positive traits or virtues that apply to you. You can select up to 10 traits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the positive descriptions are less descriptive of you, as you will get to specify the most relevant positive attributes later, when you make your final selections, prior to writing.
  204.  
  205. + Am always prepared
  206. + Have a very long attention span and can work without being distracted
  207. + Am exacting in my work
  208. + Continue until everything is perfect
  209. + Do things according to a plan
  210. + Strive for efficiency and economy
  211. + Get chores or tasks done right away
  212. + Have seen my tendency for hard work pay off
  213. + Love order and regularity
  214. + Make plans and stick to them
  215. + Pay attention to details
  216. + Am extremely reliable
  217. + Always arrive at appointments early or on time
  218. + Am very goal-oriented
  219. + Do what I say I am going to do
  220. + Have a relaxed, laid-back attitude
  221. + Can easily be spontaneous and enjoy the moment
  222. + Am not judgemental
  223. + Do not set my expectations too high
  224. + Am never perfectionistic
  225. + Do not feel that I always have to be in control
  226. + Do not impose a rigid set of standards on other people
  227. + Am not bothered when things don't go according to plan
  228. + Live in the moment
  229. + Don't get too caught up in my work
  230. + Am seldom bothered by disorder
  231. + Never do more work than is necessary
  232. + Am not too uptight
  233. + Know how to go with the flow
  234. + Don't waste my time thinking about little details
  235.  
  236.  
  237. Emotional Stability/Low Stress Tolerance
  238.  
  239. Select Relevant Items
  240.  
  241. Please select the positive traits or virtues that apply to you. You can select up to 10 traits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the positive descriptions are less descriptive of you, as you will get to specify the most relevant positive attributes later, when you make your final selections, prior to writing.
  242.  
  243. + Am content with my physical appearance, despite its flaws
  244. + Am difficult to offend
  245. + Am in control of my emotions
  246. + Am not afraid of new people or social situations
  247. + Am rarely or never stopped from doing what I want by my fears
  248. + Am relaxed most of the time
  249. + Calm down quickly when I do get upset
  250. + Don't get caught up in my problems or blow things out of proportion
  251. + Rarely complain or grumble about things
  252. + Rarely get irritated or angry
  253. + Rarely or never suffer extreme anxiety, even when stressed
  254. + Rarely self-conscious, ashamed or embarrassed
  255. + Seldom feel depressed or blue
  256. + Seldom feel hurt
  257. + Seldom get disturbed or upset
  258. + Seldom do anything dangerous
  259. + Am rarely incautious
  260. + Feel enough shame if I do something stupid so I won't do it again
  261. + Make safety a top priority
  262. + Watch what I eat carefully
  263. + Am aware of potential trouble even when other people appear confident
  264. + Am protective and careful with little children
  265. + Will go to the doctor's office if there seems to be something wrong with me
  266. + Am very careful with my sexual behavior
  267. + Am a cautious, careful person
  268. + Don't rush into things before I feel comfortable
  269. + My higher levels of anxiety have kept me safer than some people I know
  270. + Am good at identifying the risks in new situations
  271. + Stay out of places that might have dangerous people in them
  272. + Stick to what I know and am comfortable with
  273.  
  274.  
  275. Agreeable/Assertive
  276.  
  277. Select Relevant Items
  278.  
  279. Please select the positive traits or virtues that apply to you. You can select up to 10 traits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the positive descriptions are less descriptive of you, as you will get to specify the most relevant positive attributes later, when you make your final selections, prior to writing.
  280.  
  281. + Trust people
  282. + Am interested in people
  283. + Am on good terms with nearly everyone
  284. + Feel others' emotions
  285. + Have a soft heart
  286. + Work very well with other people on teams
  287. + Inquire genuinely about others' well-being
  288. + Know how to comfort others
  289. + Love children
  290. + Make people feel at ease
  291. + Sympathize with others' feelings
  292. + Am a good peacemaker
  293. + Take time out for others
  294. + Truly care about others
  295. + Am a very loyal friend
  296. + Will stand up for myself
  297. + Am not easily swayed by emotions that might be manipulative
  298. + Am good at seeing beneath the surface of false good intentions
  299. + Am sceptical
  300. + Am not a martyr
  301. + Will not forgive easily if betrayed or deceived
  302. + Can see when people are playing games
  303. + Am not naively innocent
  304. + Am aware that malevolence exists in the world
  305. + Do not always believe what people promise
  306. + Do not trust people too easily
  307. + Am very rarely taken advantage of
  308. + Will confront people if necessary
  309. + Can be demanding when the circumstances warrant
  310. + Am cautious of good intentions before proof is offered
  311.  
  312. ========================================
  313.  
  314. Part III: HABIT SELECTION
  315.  
  316. Here is a complete listing (from Part II) of the positive traits or virtues you selected:
  317.  
  318. Please look at this listing. Please select a smaller, focused set of traits that you would believe characterize you most accurately, and that you could continue to employ with positive results in the future. Imagine that you are trying to capitalize on your strengths. Click the traits that you think are most typical of you, or are most important to you. We recommend selecting 6 to 9 items, but you may select a greater or lesser number. Remember, however, that you will be asked to write for about 10 minutes for each virtue you select. When you have selected the most typical or important ones, click Next. After you have finished this section, you will be asked to write about how this virtue affected you positively in the past, what you might have done even better, and how you could improve more generally in the future.
  319.  
  320. ========================================
  321.  
  322. Part IV: Prioritize Your Selection
  323.  
  324. Here is a column containing your most typical or important positive traits or virtues (from Part III), in no particular order. Please rank order them from most to least relevant or important:
  325.  
  326. ========================================
  327.  
  328. Part V: In the order in which you ranked your most typical or important positive traits or virtues (Part IV). Please write a (a) short story, (b) alternative outcome, and (c) guidelines for general improvement
  329.  
  330. (a) Describe an Experience - Please write a short story (approximately 1,000 characters) about a time in your life when this positive trait or virtue contributed to or created a situation that had a positive impact on your life. (2000 characters max)
  331.  
  332. (b) Alternative Outcome - Write a short paragraph about what you might have done differently in that situation, so that it might have turned out even better. (2000 characters max)
  333.  
  334.  
  335. (c) Guidelines for general improvement - Now that you've thought about how you might have improved things even more for yourself or others in that particular situation, please think about this virtue in more general terms. How could you work on capitalizing on this positive trait in general, so that you or others that you care about benefit as much as possible? (2000 characters max)
  336.  
  337. ========================================
  338.  
  339. Part VI: Conclusion
  340.  
  341. You have now completed the positive traits or virtues identification section of the self-authoring suite. Everything that you have written is available in the report. You may find it helpful to review the virtues you have identified, as well as the ways that you plan on improving or capitalizing on them.
  342.  
  343. You may also want to consider completing the faults analysis (the remainder of the present authoring section), the past authoring or autobiography exercise, or the future authoring exercise, which will help you understand what you want in the future (and how you might get it).
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