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a guest Mar 14th, 2018 58 Never
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1. import os, random, time
2.
3. # 函式
4. def output(str , file_obj = None, str2 = ""): # 輸出函式
5.     print(str)
6.     if file_obj is not None:
7.         if str2 != "":
8.             str = str.replace("的數字", "的數字{}").format(str2)
9.         file_obj.write(str+"\n")
10.
11. def guess(i, ans, begin, end, times): # 猜數字函式
12.     num = input("第{}次猜測: ".format(i) )
13.
14.     try:
15.         val = int(num)
16.     except ValueError:
17.         output('=>必須輸入數字(整數)喔. 請輸入一次...', f)
18.     else:
19.         if val < begin or val > end:
20.             output('=>您猜的數字超過範圍囉', f, val)
21.         elif val < ans:
22.             output('=>您猜的數字比答案小', f, val)
23.         elif val > ans:
24.             output('=>您猜的數字比答案大', f, val)
25.         elif val == ans:
26.             output('=>恭喜，您猜對數字了!', f, val)
27.             return True # break
28.         else:
29.             output('=>Debug ### error', f, val) # 除錯用
30.             return False
31.
32.     if i == times:
33.         output('=>正確答案應為{}'.format(ans), f)
34.     return False
35.
36. # 初始化變數
37. times = 7 # 猜的次數
38. begin = 1 # 亂數起始值
39. end   = 100 # 亂數結束值
40. dtfmt = "%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S" # 日期時間格式
41. logfile = "log.txt" # 記錄檔檔名
42. logenc = 'UTF-8' # 記錄檔編碼
43.
44. # 程式開始
45. choice = 'Y'
46. while choice == 'Y':
47.     os.system('cls')
48.
49.     f = open(logfile, 'a', encoding=logenc) # 開啟記錄檔
50.     output(time.strftime(dtfmt), f)
51.
52.     answer = int(random.uniform(begin, end)) # 答案
53.     output('=>請從{}-{}的數字中間猜一個數字，只能猜{}次[提示:{}]'.format(begin, end, times, answer), f)
54.
55.     for i in range(1, times + 1):
56.         if guess(i, answer, begin, end, times):
57.             break
58.     choice = input("\n要再玩一次嗎?(Y/N)：").upper()
59.
60. f.close() # 關閉檔案
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