2019-06-24 Writing: relative clauses
gmalivuk Jun 24th, 2019 54 Never
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- Greg Malivuk
- http://www.pastebin.com/u/gmalivuk - Notes from all classes
- Relative (Adjective) Clauses
- What is the difference between these sentences?
- I like all of my students who do their homework. = Some of my students do their homework, and I like those students.
- I like all of my students, who do their homework. = I like all of my students, and all of my students do their homework.
- - Without the comma, the adjective clause adds necessary information that changes the meaning of the sentence
- - With the comma, the adjective clause adds extra information that could be removed without changing the meaning of the rest of the sentence.
- who = people
- which = things
- that = people or things (but NOT after a comma)
- Practice 5 - Underline the adjective clauses, circle the relative pronouns (“who”, “which”, or “that”), and draw an arrow to the noun they modify.
- Practice 6 - Complete the sentences with “which” or “who”, then identify which of those pronouns could also be “that”.
- 1 which
- 2 who
- 3 who
- 4 which
- 5 who/that
- 6 which
- 7 who/that
- 8 who/that
- Sometimes you need to use the context to figure out which noun is being modified:
- I don’t like talking to people at meetings that are unprepared. (“that” = “people”)
- I don’t like talking to people at meetings that are more than two hours long. (“that” = “meetings”)
- You shouldn’t drink out of bottles of water that have been opened. (“that” = “bottles”)
- (You can’t move “of water” to the end, because that’s the type of bottle we’re talking about.)
- Without a comma, the adjective clause can be called “identifying”, “restrictive”, or “defining”.
- (Because it identifies, restricts, or defines which noun it’s talking about.)
- With a comma, it’s “non-identifying”, “non-restrictive”, or “non-defining”.
- Homework (to start in class): p. 181 practice 7 (all)
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