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2019-06-24 Writing: relative clauses

gmalivuk Jun 24th, 2019 54 Never
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  1. Greg Malivuk
  2. gmalivuk@staffordhouse.com
  3. http://www.pastebin.com/u/gmalivuk - Notes from all classes
  4. ---
  5. Relative (Adjective) Clauses
  6. ---
  7. What is the difference between these sentences?
  8.  
  9. I like all of my students who do their homework. = Some of my students do their homework, and I like those students.
  10. I like all of my students, who do their homework. = I like all of my students, and all of my students do their homework.
  11.  
  12. - Without the comma, the adjective clause adds necessary information that changes the meaning of the sentence
  13. - With the comma, the adjective clause adds extra information that could be removed without changing the meaning of the rest of the sentence.
  14. ---
  15. who = people
  16. which = things
  17. that = people or things (but NOT after a comma)
  18. ---
  19. Practice 5 - Underline the adjective clauses, circle the relative pronouns (“who”, “which”, or “that”), and draw an arrow to the noun they modify.
  20. ---
  21. Practice 6 - Complete the sentences with “which” or “who”, then identify which of those pronouns could also be “that”.
  22. 1 which
  23. 2 who
  24. 3 who
  25. 4 which
  26. 5 who/that
  27. 6 which
  28. 7 who/that
  29. 8 who/that
  30. Sometimes you need to use the context to figure out which noun is being modified:
  31. I don’t like talking to people at meetings that are unprepared. (“that” = “people”)
  32. I don’t like talking to people at meetings that are more than two hours long. (“that” = “meetings”)
  33.  
  34. You shouldn’t drink out of bottles of water that have been opened. (“that” = “bottles”)
  35.     (You can’t move “of water” to the end, because that’s the type of bottle we’re talking about.)
  36. ---
  37. Without a comma, the adjective clause can be called “identifying”, “restrictive”, or “defining”.
  38.     (Because it identifies, restricts, or defines which noun it’s talking about.)
  39. With a comma, it’s “non-identifying”, “non-restrictive”, or “non-defining”.
  40. ---
  41. Homework (to start in class): p. 181 practice 7 (all)
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