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2018-02-13 TOEFL: word roots, reading fact

gmalivuk Feb 13th, 2018 165 Never
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  1. Greg Malivuk
  2. greg.malivuk@gmail.com
  3. http://www.pastebin.com/u/gmalivuk - notes from all classes
  4. ---
  5. Word Roots - list 1 - With your partner, try to think of one or two words to explain the meaning of each root.
  6. ab (abduct, abdicate) = away
  7. act (activity, activate, react) = do (This is related to the roots of “agent” and “execute” as well.)
  8. ad (advocate, addition, advance) = to/toward
  9. aer/aero (aerial, aerate) = air
  10. agri/agro (agriculture, agribusiness, agrarian) = field/farm
  11. ambi (ambidextrous, ambiguous, ambivalent) = both
  12. amb/ambul (amble, ambulatory, ambulate) = move/walk
  13. ami/amo (amiable, amorous) = love
  14. andro (android, androgen) = man (often contrasted with gyn = woman)
  15. anim (animate, animal) = movement/spirit
  16. ann/enn (annual, millennium, anniversary) = year
  17. ante/anti (antecedent, anteroom, anticipate) = before/in front
  18. anthropo (anthropology, philanthropy) = human
  19. anti (antibacterial, antisocial) = against
  20. aqua (aquamarine, aqueduct, aquarium) = water (sometimes fresh water as opposed to salt water)
  21. arch (monarch, hierarchy, archbishop) = first (in importance or power)
  22.     - This is pronounced /k/ before vowels, and /ʧ/ before consonants and in new words
  23. archa (archaeology, archaic) = old (first in time)
  24. art (artist, artifact, artisan) = skill
  25. astro (astronomy, astrology) = star
  26. aud/audi (audience, audible) = hear
  27. auto (automatic, autograph) = self
  28. bell (belligerent, rebellious) = war
  29. bene (benefit, benevolent) = good/well
  30. bi (bilingual, bilateral, bisexual) = two
  31. bio (biology, biography, biosphere) = life
  32. cept/ceive (intercept, receive) = catch/capture (all of these roots are related)
  33. cardi/cardio (cardiac, cardiology) = heart
  34. carn (carnivore, carnal) = meat (if it’s dead)/flesh (if it’s alive)
  35. cede/ceed (intercede, exceed) = go
  36. cent (century, centimeter, centennial) = hundred(th)
  37. ---
  38. Reading Question Types
  39. - fact
  40. - negative fact
  41. - purpose
  42. - vocabulary
  43. - reference
  44. - paraphrase
  45. - inference
  46. - sentence insertion
  47. - summarize
  48. - organization
  49. ---
  50. The most common questions are fact and vocabulary.
  51. Handout (Cambridge) p. 181-182 - Take a few minutes to read each passage, then decide if the following statements are true or false. Check your answers with your partner and convince them they’re wrong if you disagree.
  52. Passage 1
  53. A. T
  54. B. F
  55. C. T (A military risk is a security threat.)
  56. D. T
  57. E. F
  58. F. F (There was no construction of the tunnel in 1930, so the construction couldn’t have led to anything.)
  59. G. F
  60. H. T
  61. Take 9 minutes to complete the exercise. Then check with your partner.
  62. Passage 2
  63. A. T
  64. B. F (They likely came from an animal this size, but the bones they found were smaller.)
  65. C. F
  66. D. T (This is more of an inference question.)
  67. E. T (This is also an inference, from “eardrums, which would not have worked in water”.)
  68. F. F (It can recognize the source because the bones are isolated from each other, and it’s just the eardrum that is vestigial, not the middle ear.)
  69. G. T
  70. H. T (This can be concluded from the final sentence. “The separation of these bones” means the bones are in fact separated in (modern) marine whales.)
  71. Passage 3
  72. A. T
  73. B. F
  74. C. F (It emits glue, not a smell.)
  75. D. T
  76. E. T
  77. F. F
  78. G. T
  79. H. T
  80. Passage 4
  81. A. F (If A cannot match B, it means A is worse than B.)
  82. B. T
  83. C. T
  84. D. F
  85. E. F (The color of the varnish wasn’t important, and it ranges in color from orange to reddish-brown.)
  86. F. T
  87. G. F
  88. H. T
  89. ---
  90. BREAK
  91. ---
  92. DELTA p. 20-21 - Take 5 minutes to skim for the information to answer questions 1-6
  93. 1 A
  94. 2 C
  95. 3 D
  96. 4 B
  97. 5 A
  98. 6 C
  99. p. 22 - Take 3 minutes to answer these questions.
  100. 7 B
  101. 8 C
  102. 9 D
  103. 10 B
  104. ---
  105. Handout (Longman) p. 51 - Take 4 minutes to answer the questions about Lake Baikal
  106. 1 D (Even if you don’t know “crescent”, the numbers should allow you to eliminate the other answers.)
  107. 2 A
  108. 3 D
  109. 4 C
  110. 5 B
  111. p. 52 - Same thing
  112. 6 C
  113. 7 A
  114. 8 D
  115. 9 B
  116. 10 C
  117. p. 53 same thing
  118. 11 A
  119. 12 D
  120. 13 C
  121. 14 B
  122. 15 D
  123. ---
  124. BC = Before Christ
  125. BCE = Before (the) Common Era
  126. AD = Anno Domini (Year of the Lord)
  127. CE = Common Era
  128. ---
  129. Homework: finish the handout (Cengage)
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