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  1. 1
  2. 00:00:00,000 --> 00:00:17,000
  3. [real information and subs start at 17 seconds]
  4.  
  5. 2
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  7. Michael Mrozek and a group of enthusiasts
  8.  
  9. 3
  10. 00:00:19,502 --> 00:00:23,002
  11. ignore the dictatorship of leading commercial console producers
  12.  
  13. 4
  14. 00:00:23,003 --> 00:00:25,103
  15. and build their own console:
  16.  
  17. 5
  18. 00:00:25,104 --> 00:00:27,104
  19. The Pandora.
  20.  
  21. 6
  22. 00:00:27,105 --> 00:00:28,105
  23. Most people are completely satisfied
  24.  
  25. 7
  26. 00:00:28,106 --> 00:00:29,906
  27. with their iPhones and iPhone games.
  28.  
  29. 8
  30. 00:00:29,907 --> 00:00:30,907
  31. They are OK with being restricted.
  32.  
  33. 9
  34. 00:00:30,908 --> 00:00:33,608
  35. But there is a group of hobbyists
  36.  
  37. 10
  38. 00:00:33,709 --> 00:00:36,709
  39. who like to tinker with the device
  40.  
  41. 11
  42. 00:00:36,710 --> 00:00:38,610
  43. and there is no device for them.
  44.  
  45. 12
  46. 00:00:38,611 --> 00:00:41,811
  47. There is no profit for the big companies in this
  48.  
  49. 13
  50. 00:00:41,812 --> 00:00:43,812
  51. because the quantities are too low,
  52.  
  53. 14
  54. 00:00:43,813 --> 00:00:45,413
  55. but this niche is perfect for us
  56.  
  57. 15
  58. 00:00:45,414 --> 00:00:46,814
  59. and it has not been touched yet.
  60.  
  61. 16
  62. 00:00:46,815 --> 00:00:48,515
  63. That means that there is no competition.
  64.  
  65. 17
  66. 00:00:49,016 --> 00:00:51,816
  67. The Pandora has the same power as an iPhone 3GS,
  68.  
  69. 18
  70. 00:00:52,017 --> 00:00:54,017
  71. a small computer based on linux.
  72.  
  73. 19
  74. 00:00:54,018 --> 00:00:56,118
  75. The open source community
  76.  
  77. 20
  78. 00:00:56,119 --> 00:00:57,719
  79. has developed it over years
  80.  
  81. 21
  82. 00:00:57,720 --> 00:00:59,420
  83. and made it ready for the market.
  84.  
  85. 22
  86. 00:00:59,421 --> 00:01:01,421
  87. It's the Ikea principle in the gaming world:
  88.  
  89. 23
  90. 00:01:01,422 --> 00:01:02,722
  91. "I love it even more
  92.  
  93. 24
  94. 00:01:02,723 --> 00:01:03,723
  95. if I build it myself."
  96.  
  97. 25
  98. 00:01:06,524 --> 00:01:08,424
  99. I find this very fascinating
  100.  
  101. 26
  102. 00:01:08,525 --> 00:01:10,725
  103. because you could see how its developed,
  104.  
  105. 27
  106. 00:01:10,726 --> 00:01:12,726
  107. since the developers are no professionals
  108.  
  109. 28
  110. 00:01:12,827 --> 00:01:14,627
  111. like the big companies.
  112.  
  113. 29
  114. 00:01:14,228 --> 00:01:16,728
  115. It was foreseeable that there were going to be problems
  116.  
  117. 30
  118. 00:01:16,929 --> 00:01:19,429
  119. which could have been prevented by professionals,
  120.  
  121. 31
  122. 00:01:21,530 --> 00:01:23,330
  123. but everyone learned during this process,
  124.  
  125. 32
  126. 00:01:23,331 --> 00:01:24,931
  127. not only the developers
  128.  
  129. 33
  130. 00:01:24,932 --> 00:01:25,932
  131. but also the people who watched the process.
  132.  
  133. 34
  134. 00:01:27,033 --> 00:01:29,033
  135. The games are available as a free download
  136.  
  137. 35
  138. 00:01:29,034 --> 00:01:30,734
  139. at the community sites.
  140.  
  141. 36
  142. 00:01:30,735 --> 00:01:32,535
  143. Some of them are homebrew games
  144.  
  145. 37
  146. 00:01:32,536 --> 00:01:33,536
  147. with open source code
  148.  
  149. 38
  150. 00:01:33,537 --> 00:01:35,237
  151. which can be extended by every user.
  152.  
  153. 39
  154. 00:01:35,238 --> 00:01:37,238
  155. An important reason for the popularity
  156.  
  157. 40
  158. 00:01:37,239 --> 00:01:39,239
  159. of the open handheld are classic games.
  160.  
  161. 41
  162. 00:01:39,240 --> 00:01:41,040
  163. With an emulator you are able
  164.  
  165. 42
  166. 00:01:41,041 --> 00:01:42,641
  167. to play games from
  168.  
  169. 43
  170. 00:01:42,742 --> 00:01:44,742
  171. abandoned systems like the C64 or the Amiga.
  172.  
  173. 44
  174. 00:01:45,843 --> 00:01:47,843
  175. In Germany it is allowed to make backups of software
  176.  
  177. 45
  178. 00:01:47,844 --> 00:01:49,844
  179. and that means that it is legal to play, read, and copy
  180.  
  181. 46
  182. 00:01:49,845 --> 00:01:51,845
  183. old cartridges with a device like the Retrode.
  184.  
  185. 47
  186. 00:01:55,346 --> 00:01:57,346
  187. Emulators are culturally important
  188.  
  189. 48
  190. 00:01:57,347 --> 00:01:58,847
  191. because they keep games alive.
  192.  
  193. 49
  194. 00:01:59,047 --> 00:02:01,347
  195. A lot of old games are not available anymore,
  196.  
  197. 50
  198. 00:02:01,348 --> 00:02:03,348
  199. and that means that there is a cultural value
  200.  
  201. 51
  202. 00:02:02,849 --> 00:02:04,849
  203. to emulators.
  204.  
  205. 52
  206. 00:02:05,650 --> 00:02:07,650
  207. This value counts for little
  208.  
  209. 53
  210. 00:02:07,651 --> 00:02:09,651
  211. from a copyright perspective
  212.  
  213. 54
  214. 00:02:10,051 --> 00:02:12,151
  215. but this did not play a role
  216.  
  217. 55
  218. 00:02:12,152 --> 00:02:13,952
  219. for the producers of the first open handheld.
  220.  
  221. 56
  222. 00:02:14,053 --> 00:02:15,553
  223. They came from South Korea,
  224.  
  225. 57
  226. 00:02:15,554 --> 00:02:17,054
  227. a country with a rapid development
  228.  
  229. 58
  230. 00:02:17,055 --> 00:02:18,555
  231. in the electronics department.
  232.  
  233. 59
  234. 00:02:19,558 --> 00:02:23,258
  235. Since 2002 four open consoles have been released.
  236.  
  237. 60
  238. 00:02:23,259 --> 00:02:25,059
  239. The evolution of the early devices
  240.  
  241. 61
  242. 00:02:25,060 --> 00:02:27,260
  243. is a funny part of
  244.  
  245. 62
  246. 00:02:27,261 --> 00:02:28,761
  247. recent game history.
  248.  
  249. 63
  250. 00:02:34,062 --> 00:02:35,362
  251. The reason for these
  252.  
  253. 64
  254. 00:02:35,363 --> 00:02:36,563
  255. coming from Korea
  256.  
  257. 65
  258. 00:02:36,664 --> 00:02:37,764
  259. was a coincidence.
  260.  
  261. 66
  262. 00:02:37,765 --> 00:02:39,465
  263. The Koreans, a company called GamePark, were trying
  264.  
  265. 67
  266. 00:02:39,466 --> 00:02:41,866
  267. to build a competitor to the Gameboy Advance,
  268.  
  269. 68
  270. 00:02:41,867 --> 00:02:43,867
  271. which was the GP32,
  272.  
  273. 69
  274. 00:02:45,068 --> 00:02:46,568
  275. and this device was opened
  276.  
  277. 70
  278. 00:02:46,569 --> 00:02:48,069
  279. by the community
  280.  
  281. 71
  282. 00:02:48,370 --> 00:02:50,370
  283. so now everybody could write games for it.
  284.  
  285. 72
  286. 00:02:50,371 --> 00:02:52,371
  287. Because of this the sale figures went up.
  288.  
  289. 73
  290. 00:02:52,772 --> 00:02:53,872
  291. The users demanded
  292.  
  293. 74
  294. 00:02:53,873 --> 00:02:55,773
  295. more powerful devices
  296.  
  297. 75
  298. 00:02:56,274 --> 00:02:57,874
  299. but GamePark was not interested.
  300.  
  301. 76
  302. 00:02:58,875 --> 00:02:59,875
  303. Because of that
  304.  
  305. 77
  306. 00:02:59,876 --> 00:03:00,876
  307. the Pandora was realized
  308.  
  309. 78
  310. 00:03:00,877 --> 00:03:01,877
  311. by the community itself
  312.  
  313. 79
  314. 00:03:01,878 --> 00:03:02,878
  315. and every step of development
  316.  
  317. 80
  318. 00:03:02,879 --> 00:03:04,179
  319. was documented online.
  320.  
  321. 81
  322. 00:03:05,580 --> 00:03:06,680
  323. You could say
  324.  
  325. 82
  326. 00:03:06,681 --> 00:03:07,681
  327. that the pandora is a very
  328.  
  329. 83
  330. 00:03:07,682 --> 00:03:08,682
  331. democratic product,
  332.  
  333. 84
  334. 00:03:08,683 --> 00:03:09,683
  335. because it offers
  336.  
  337. 85
  338. 00:03:09,684 --> 00:03:10,684
  339. transparency and
  340.  
  341. 86
  342. 00:03:10,685 --> 00:03:11,685
  343. openness for everybody
  344.  
  345. 87
  346. 00:03:11,686 --> 00:03:12,686
  347. In that matter
  348.  
  349. 88
  350. 00:03:12,687 --> 00:03:14,187
  351. it appeals to the same target groups
  352.  
  353. 89
  354. 00:03:14,188 --> 00:03:16,188
  355. as the Piratenparty [German political party].
  356.  
  357. 90
  358. 00:03:17,089 --> 00:03:18,589
  359. The commitment is astonishing,
  360.  
  361. 91
  362. 00:03:18,590 --> 00:03:19,990
  363. over one million Euros
  364.  
  365. 92
  366. 00:03:19,991 --> 00:03:21,591
  367. have been collected
  368.  
  369. 93
  370. 00:03:21,592 --> 00:03:23,192
  371. through pre-orders
  372.  
  373. 94
  374. 00:03:23,193 --> 00:03:24,693
  375. or investments and
  376.  
  377. 95
  378. 00:03:24,694 --> 00:03:26,194
  379. the games were programmed or ported
  380.  
  381. 96
  382. 00:03:26,195 --> 00:03:27,395
  383. by hobbyist programmers
  384.  
  385. 97
  386. 00:03:27,396 --> 00:03:28,596
  387. out of pure joy for games.
  388.  
  389. 98
  390. 00:03:29,897 --> 00:03:31,597
  391. Here there is so much potential
  392.  
  393. 99
  394. 00:03:32,898 --> 00:03:33,898
  395. and it is very important
  396.  
  397. 100
  398. 00:03:33,899 --> 00:03:34,899
  399. that there exists
  400.  
  401. 101
  402. 00:03:34,900 --> 00:03:35,900
  403. an open source movement
  404.  
  405. 102
  406. 00:03:35,901 --> 00:03:36,901
  407. in the gaming industry.
  408.  
  409. 103
  410. 00:03:36,902 --> 00:03:37,902
  411. It is also a source of ideas;
  412.  
  413. 104
  414. 00:03:37,903 --> 00:03:39,903
  415. if one of the Pixelmacher [this show] viewers
  416.  
  417. 105
  418. 00:03:39,904 --> 00:03:40,904
  419. had an idea for a game
  420.  
  421. 106
  422. 00:03:40,905 --> 00:03:42,905
  423. than it would be very hard for them
  424.  
  425. 107
  426. 00:03:42,906 --> 00:03:43,906
  427. to implement that on
  428.  
  429. 108
  430. 00:03:43,907 --> 00:03:44,907
  431. on a commercial system.
  432.  
  433. 109
  434. 00:03:44,908 --> 00:03:46,508
  435. You would need a developing license,
  436.  
  437. 110
  438. 00:03:46,509 --> 00:03:47,509
  439. you would need the know-how,
  440.  
  441. 111
  442. 00:03:47,510 --> 00:03:49,310
  443. and the manufacturer would need to validate it,
  444.  
  445. 112
  446. 00:03:49,311 --> 00:03:50,811
  447. and small ideas are often
  448.  
  449. 113
  450. 00:03:50,812 --> 00:03:52,312
  451. a good places for innovation,
  452.  
  453. 114
  454. 00:03:52,313 --> 00:03:54,313
  455. The internet proves this again and again:
  456.  
  457. 115
  458. 00:03:54,314 --> 00:03:55,314
  459. A place where people have small ideas
  460.  
  461. 116
  462. 00:03:55,315 --> 00:03:57,315
  463. and this idea is then a worldwide success.
  464.  
  465. 117
  466. 00:03:57,316 --> 00:03:58,816
  467. the patience of the community
  468.  
  469. 118
  470. 00:03:58,817 --> 00:03:59,817
  471. is also astonishing.
  472.  
  473. 119
  474. 00:03:59,818 --> 00:04:01,318
  475. Problems during the production
  476.  
  477. 120
  478. 00:04:01,319 --> 00:04:03,319
  479. have made some people wait over 3 years
  480.  
  481. 121
  482. 00:04:03,320 --> 00:04:04,320
  483. for their device,
  484.  
  485. 122
  486. 00:04:04,321 --> 00:04:05,521
  487. but now mass production
  488.  
  489. 123
  490. 00:04:05,222 --> 00:04:06,722
  491. is starting in Germany
  492.  
  493. 124
  494. 00:04:06,723 --> 00:04:08,223
  495. and up to 1000 units
  496.  
  497. 125
  498. 00:04:08,324 --> 00:04:09,824
  499. can be produced each month.
  500.  
  501. 126
  502. 00:04:11,125 --> 00:04:12,425
  503. It is a great feeling
  504.  
  505. 127
  506. 00:04:12,426 --> 00:04:13,926
  507. when you can say
  508.  
  509. 128
  510. 00:04:13,927 --> 00:04:15,427
  511. that you not only own
  512.  
  513. 129
  514. 00:04:15,428 --> 00:04:16,928
  515. the device for playing -
  516.  
  517. 130
  518. 00:04:16,929 --> 00:04:18,129
  519. well I play with it every day -
  520.  
  521. 131
  522. 00:04:18,130 --> 00:04:19,630
  523. but you can also say that you helped
  524.  
  525. 132
  526. 00:04:19,631 --> 00:04:20,631
  527. to develop the device.
  528.  
  529. 133
  530. 00:04:21,732 --> 00:04:23,732
  531. That is .... well something.
  532.  
  533. 134
  534. 00:04:24,433 --> 00:04:27,133
  535. 450 Euro is the price for "pandora's box",
  536.  
  537. 135
  538. 00:04:27,634 --> 00:04:30,034
  539. but what you get for that
  540.  
  541. 136
  542. 00:04:30,035 --> 00:04:31,535
  543. is priceless for open source fans:
  544.  
  545. 137
  546. 00:04:32,536 --> 00:04:34,036
  547. The freedom of developing
  548.  
  549. 138
  550. 00:04:34,037 --> 00:04:35,537
  551. non-commercial games together
  552.  
  553. 139
  554. 00:04:35,538 --> 00:04:36,538
  555. and the feeling of
  556.  
  557. 140
  558. 00:04:36,539 --> 00:04:39,039
  559. being part of a self-sufficient movement.
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