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SCoPAFF_6-7th_October_2016_ED_Bees_Art43

cropprotection Nov 8th, 2016 271 Never
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  1. Dear Dr Flüh
  2. Dear ScoPAFF members
  3.  
  4. Ahead of the SCoPAFF-phytopharmaceutical of 6-7 October, ECPA would like to take this
  5. opportunity to provide our input on a number of issues to be discussed at that meeting.
  6. Genotoxicity
  7.  
  8. Recent EFSA conclusions have raised issues in the genotoxicity evaluation, that have
  9. consequently led to either key data gaps being reported, or an inability to complete the risk
  10. assessment and/or to set references doses. Many of the issues raised by EFSA were
  11. unexpected and there are numerous examples where additional data were not considered
  12. necessary - and the generation of such data would not have been in line with the legal
  13. requirements set out in EU animal testing legislation. ECPA have requested an independent
  14. review of recent EFSA evaluation of genotoxicity; this report has been provided to the
  15. Commission and highlights a change in EFSA’s approach that is not attributable to changes
  16. in legislation, guidance or data requirements.
  17.  
  18. Given the unexpected changes and the lack of consistency between different guidance
  19. documents and test methods, ECPA request:
  20.  
  21.  An urgent scientific review of the process, to be carried out by the relevant EFSA
  22. Panel or Scientific Committee;
  23.  Suspension of Regulatory decisions on active substances, based on genotoxicity
  24. concerns raised by EFSA, until such a review has been completed;
  25.  Consideration of additional data generated to address data gaps identified during the
  26. peer review process within the ongoing review process; and
  27.  The setting of all endpoints in order to allow risk managers to take the correct
  28. decision.
  29.  
  30. Bee guidance document (Agenda items A.17, B.04 & B.05)
  31.  
  32. ECPA is supportive of a revision of the pollinator risk assessment. However, we still fail to
  33. see how the outdated document from 2013 will ensure appropriate risk assessment for
  34. pollinators.
  35.  
  36. We continue to be of the opinion that the current guidance is unworkable and would mean
  37. that most insecticides would fail the first tier laboratory risk assessment and trigger the need
  38. for follow up semi-field and field studies despite the fact that the study specifications cannot
  39. be met. This clearly demonstrates the inappropriate calibration of the guidance, with the
  40. protection goals sustaining the whole document being based on incorrect and extremely
  41. conservative assumptions. A discussion on suitable protection goals, together with their
  42. practical consequences on the availability of solutions for farmers should be organised in
  43. light of new findings.
  44.  
  45. ECPA will continue to ask that the Commission, EFSA and Member States:
  46.  
  47.  Not to adopt the guidance document as it currently stands, on the basis that it is
  48. not fit for purpose.
  49.  Reject the proposed legislative changes when the proposed trigger values remain
  50. questionable and are not based on the most recent scientific knowledge
  51.  Carry out a transparent assessment of the impact of the proposed measures before
  52. taking a final decision
  53.  Review the progress gained in science and knowledge over the last 3 years, before
  54. implementing the measures currently under discussion, which lead to unfeasible
  55. additional data requests.
  56.  
  57. As industry, we would welcome the opportunity to engage in a technical discussion with risk
  58. assessors and risk managers so that solutions to some practical issues could be jointly
  59. explored.
  60.  
  61. Further information in the Zip file annex – ECPA letter from July 2016 - doc.no.26359
  62. Draft GD on Authorisation Renewal - Article 43 (Agenda item A.08)
  63. ECPA would like to propose a number of amendments and/or clarifications to the draft
  64. Guidance Document on the Renewal of Authorisations according to Article 43 of Regulation
  65. (EC) No 1107/2009 (doc. SANCO/13170/2010 Rev. 13.9), which has been put forward for
  66. noting at the meeting. We would like to underline that a practical and flexible process is
  67. necessary in order to be able to implement the stringent provisions of Article 43.
  68.  
  69. As the deadlines for this process are very short, it is of utmost importance that the zonal
  70. Rapporteur Member State is agreed in the zonal Steering Committee as early as possible.
  71.  
  72. This will allow for pre-submission meetings, which are essential to agree on data to be
  73. submitted. Clarifications are also needed concerning the notification timelines, in particular
  74. for those case of products containing other active substances expiring within 1 year.
  75. For the same purpose of complying with deadlines, the implementation of Category 4 data
  76. needs to be clarified, as to what should or should not be accepted. In addition, for pending
  77. applications submitted under Article 33, applicants should be given the opportunity to update
  78. dossiers when the evaluation is still pending, in order to avoid unnecessary reviews and
  79. resubmissions.
  80.  
  81. Additional national or zonal requirements remain a major blocker to the efficient functioning
  82. of the zonal process. For the sake of transparency and equal treatment of applications
  83. throughout the EU, such requirements should not be requested as category 4 studies during
  84. the Article 43 renewal process.
  85.  
  86. Endocrine disruption (Agenda item A.19)
  87.  
  88. ECPA would underline the significant concerns we have with the Commission’s proposal for
  89. the criteria for endocrine disruptors. Many substances, which present little or no concern to
  90. human health or the environment will be unnecessarily “identified” as endocrine disruptors by
  91. using the WHO/IPCS definition alone (option 2). For decision making under Regulation
  92. 1107/2009, we believe regulators should be provided with the necessary tools to separate
  93. out those substances which have the real potential to cause harm, from those that do not.
  94.  
  95. To do this, the criteria should be based on option 4, incorporating all elements of hazard
  96. characterisation, while also including full consideration of potency, severity and lead toxicity.
  97. Hazard characterisation is a routine and essential second step in the overall assessment of
  98. the hazard properties of any substance and therefore can be built into the criteria for
  99. endocrine disrupting properties.
  100.  
  101. We would also highlight the conclusion of the Commission’s Impact Assessment, that all
  102. options under consideration offer the same high level of protection for human health
  103. and the environment. However, the option put forward by the Commission is assessed
  104. as having the greatest negative impact on the availability of products for farmers, and the
  105. most severe and negative impact on sectorial competitiveness, agriculture and trade. . It is
  106. therefore incomprehensible why this option was put forward; given its negative repercussions
  107. it is unacceptable.
  108.  
  109. It remains our firm view that endocrine disruptors can and should be regulated like other
  110. substances of potential concern and be subject to risk assessment which considers both
  111. hazard and exposure. A departure from this robust assessment framework sets a precedent
  112. for regulation that neglects the consideration of all information potentially available to ensure
  113. the protection of human health and the environment.
  114. We strongly urge the Commission together with Member States to amend the proposal. The
  115. Commission should adopt workable, proportionate and science based criteria which ensure
  116. regulators have the necessary tools to make informed regulatory decisions and which
  117. maintain the existing high levels of protection for human health and the environment, while
  118. also ensuring that European farmers have access to essential crop protection products.
  119. Further information in the Zip file annex – ECPA letter - doc.no.26411
  120.  
  121. Co-formulants (Agenda item A.15)
  122.  
  123. ECPA would like to highlight the industry concerns with the way forward set out in the
  124. Discussion paper on implementation rules for the inclusion of unacceptable co-formulants in
  125. Annex III. We would in particular highlight the impact of duplication of work in the evaluation
  126. of co-formulants.
  127.  
  128. The suggested use of the proposed Tier 2 & 3 hazard classifications (e.g. skin sensitisation)
  129. as potential triggers for restricting co-formulants would lead to a disproportionate impact, with
  130. substantial additional resource needs and potential restrictions on many important and
  131. commonly used co-formulants.
  132.  
  133. Given the considerable additional complexity proposed, consideration must be given to the
  134. development of workable timelines for implementation, transition and grace periods,
  135. recognising the potentially vast number of formulations which could be affected with the
  136. Annex III listing of a substantial number of co-formulants. Past experience shows that
  137. transition periods of several years are required to allow for such formulation changes.
  138. ECPA’s aim is to ensure a streamlined process that avoids the duplication of effort - in line
  139. with the broader principles of Better Regulation that have been developed by the Commission. ECPA will continue to input into the Working Group discussions to take place in the 4th quarter of 2016,to try and support the development of such a streamlined process.
  140.  
  141. Further information in the Zip file annex – ECPA letter - doc.no.26056. Also, please
  142. see separate published paper at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27411735
  143. We would of course welcome a more detailed discussion with DG SANTE on these issues. If
  144. you have any questions about the ECPA views, please do not hesitate to contact me.
  145. For information, and to ensure full transparency, this letter is being published on the ECPA
  146. website and will be available at: http://www.ecpa.eu/transparency-policy.
  147.  
  148. Yours sincerely
  149.  
  150. Euros Jones
  151. Director, Regulatory Affairs
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