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  1. The Research and Fatwa Department of the Islamic State (ISIS) has released a
  2. pamphlet on the topic of female captives and slaves. The pamphlet, which is
  3. dated Muharram 1436 (October/November 2014) and was printed by ISIS's
  4. publishing house, Al-Himma Library, is titled_ Su'al wa-Jawab fi al-Sabi wa-
  5. Riqab_ ("Questions and Answers on Taking Captives and Slaves"). It was
  6. presumably released in response to the uproar caused by the many reports this
  7. summer that ISIS had taken Yazidi girls and women as sex slaves. Written in
  8. the form of questions and answers, it clarifies the position of Islamic law
  9. (as ISIS interprets it) on various relevant issues, and states, among other
  10. things, that it is permissible to have sexual intercourse with non-Muslim
  11. slaves, including young girls, and that it is also permitted to beat them and
  12. trade in them.
  13.  
  14. **_The following report is a complimentary offering from MEMRI's Jihad and Terrorism Threat Monitor (JTTM). For JTTM subscription information, [click here.][1]_**
  15.  
  16. The following are excerpts from the pamphlet, which was posted on a pro-ISIS
  17. Twitter account.[[1]][2]
  18.  
  19. ![][3]
  20.  
  21. **"Question 1: What is a_l-sabi_?**
  22.  
  23. "Al-Sabi is a woman from among _ahl al-harb_ [the people of war] who has been
  24. captured by Muslims.
  25.  
  26. **"Question 2: What makes a_l-sabi_ permissible?**
  27.  
  28. "What makes _al-sabi_ permissible [i.e., what makes it permissible to take
  29. such a woman captive] is [her] unbelief. Unbelieving [women] who were captured
  30. and brought into the abode of Islam are permissible to us, after the imam
  31. distributes them [among us]."
  32.  
  33. **"Question 3: Can all unbelieving women be taken captive?**
  34.  
  35. "There is no dispute among the scholars that it is permissible to capture
  36. unbelieving women [who are characterized by] original unbelief [_kufr asli_],
  37. such as the _kitabiyat_ [women from among the People of the Book, i.e. Jews
  38. and Christians] and polytheists. However, [the scholars] are disputed over
  39. [the issue of] capturing apostate women. The consensus leans towards
  40. forbidding it, though some people of knowledge think it permissible. We [ISIS]
  41. lean towards accepting the consensus…"
  42.  
  43. **"Question 4: Is it permissible to have intercourse with a female captive? **
  44.  
  45. "It is permissible to have sexual intercourse with the female captive. Allah
  46. the almighty said: '[Successful are the believers] who guard their chastity,
  47. except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands
  48. possess, for then they are free from blame [Koran 23:5-6]'..."
  49.  
  50. **"Question 5: Is it permissible to have intercourse with a female captive immediately after taking possession [of her]? **
  51.  
  52. "If she is a virgin, he [her master] can have intercourse with her immediately
  53. after taking possession of her. However, is she isn't, her uterus must be
  54. purified [first]…"
  55.  
  56. **"Question 6: Is it permissible to sell a female captive? **
  57.  
  58. "It is permissible to buy, sell, or give as a gift female captives and slaves,
  59. for they are merely property, which can be disposed of [as long as that
  60. doesn't cause [the Muslim ummah] any harm or damage."
  61.  
  62. **"Question 7: Is it permissible to separate a mother from her children through [the act of] buying and selling? **
  63.  
  64. "It is not permissible to separate a mother from her prepubescent children
  65. through buying, selling or giving away [a captive or slave]. [But] it is
  66. permissible to separate them if the children are grown and mature."
  67.  
  68. **"Question 8: If two or more [men] buy a female captive together, does she then become [sexually] permissible to each of them?**
  69.  
  70. "It is forbidden to have intercourse with a female captive if [the master]
  71. does not own her exclusively. One who owns [a captive] in partnership [with
  72. others] may not have sexual intercourse with her until the other [owners] sell
  73. or give him [their share]."
  74.  
  75. **"Question 9: If the female captive was impregnated by her owner, can he then sell her?**
  76.  
  77. "He can't sell her if she becomes the mother of a child..."
  78.  
  79. **"Question 10: If a man dies, what is the law regarding the female captive he owned? **
  80.  
  81. "Female captives are distributed as part of his estate, just as all [other
  82. parts] of his estate [are distributed]. However, they may only provide
  83. services, not intercourse, if a father or [one of the] sons has already had
  84. intercourse with them, or if several [people] inherit them in partnership."
  85.  
  86. **"Question 11: May a man have intercourse with the female slave of his wife? **
  87.  
  88. "A man may not have intercourse with the female slave of his wife, because
  89. [the slave] is owned by someone else."quot;
  90.  
  91. **"Question 12: May a man kiss the female slave of another, with the owner's permission?**
  92.  
  93. "A man may not kiss the female slave of another, for kissing [involves]
  94. pleasure, and pleasure is prohibited unless [the man] owns [the slave]
  95. exclusively."
  96.  
  97. **"Question 13: Is it permissible to have intercourse with a female slave who has not reached puberty?**
  98.  
  99. "It is permissible to have intercourse with the female slave who hasn't
  100. reached puberty if she is fit for intercourse; however if she is not fit for
  101. intercourse, then it is enough to enjoy her without intercourse."
  102.  
  103. **"Question 14: What private parts of the female slave's body must be concealed during prayer? **
  104.  
  105. "Her private body parts [that must be concealed] during prayer are the same as
  106. those [that must be concealed] outside [prayer], and they [include] everything
  107. besides the head, neck, hands and feet."
  108.  
  109. **"Question 15: May a female slave meet foreign men without wearing a hijab? **
  110.  
  111. "A female slave is allowed to expose her head, neck, hands, and feet in front
  112. of foreign men if _fitna_ [enticement] can be avoided. However, if fitna is
  113. present, or of there is fear that it will occur, then it [i.e. exposing these
  114. body parts becomes] forbidden."
  115.  
  116. **"Question 16: ****Can two sisters be taken together while taking slaves?**
  117.  
  118. "It is permissible to have two sisters, a female slave and her aunt [her
  119. father's sister], or a female slave and her aunt [from her mother's side]. But
  120. they cannot be together during intercourse, [and] whoever has intercourse with
  121. one of them cannot have intercourse with the other, due to the general
  122. [consensus] over the prohibition of this."
  123.  
  124. **"Question 17: What is a_l-'azl_?**
  125.  
  126. "_Al-'azl_ is refraining from ejaculating on a woman's pudendum [i.e. coitus
  127. interruptus]."
  128.  
  129. **"Question 18: May a man use the a_l-'azl_ [technique] with his female slave? **
  130.  
  131. "A man is allowed [to use] _al-'azl_ during intercourse with his female slave
  132. with or without her consent."
  133.  
  134. **"Question 19: Is it permissible to beat a female slave? **
  135.  
  136. "It is permissible to beat the female slave as a [form of] _darb_ _ta'deeb_
  137. [disciplinary beating], [but] it is forbidden to [use] _darb al-takseer_
  138. [literally, breaking beating], [_darb_]_ al-tashaffi _[beating for the purpose
  139. of achieving gratification], or [_darb_] al-_ta'dheeb _[torture beating].
  140. Further, it is forbidden to hit the face."
  141.  
  142. **Question 20: What is the ruling regarding a female slave who runs away from her master? **
  143.  
  144. "A male or female slave's running away [from their master] is among the
  145. gravest of sins…"
  146.  
  147. **"Question 21: What is the ****earthly p****unishment of a female slave who runs away from her master? **
  148.  
  149. "She [i.e. the female slave who runs away from her master] has no punishment
  150. according to the shari'a of Allah; however, she is [to be] reprimanded [in
  151. such a way that] deters others like her from escaping."
  152.  
  153. **"Question 22: Is it permissible to marry a Muslim [slave] or a _kitabiyya_ [i.e. Jewish or Christian] female slave?**
  154.  
  155. "It is impermissible for a free [man] to marry Muslim or _kitabiyat_ female
  156. slaves, except for those [men] who feared to [commit] a sin, that is, the sin
  157. of fornication…"
  158.  
  159. **"Question 24: If a man marries a female slave who is owned by someone else, who is allowed to have intercourse with her? **
  160.  
  161. "A master is prohibited from having intercourse with his female slave who is
  162. married to someone else; instead, the master receives her service, [while] the
  163. husband [gets to] enjoy her [sexually]."
  164.  
  165. **"Question 25: Are the _huddoud_ [Koranic punishments] applied to female slaves? **
  166.  
  167. "If a female slave committed what necessitated the enforcement of a _hadd_ [on
  168. her], a _hadd_ [is then] enforced on her - however, the _hadd_ is reduced by
  169. half within the _hudud_ that accepts reduction by half…"
  170.  
  171. **"Question 27: What is the reward for freeing a slave girl?**
  172.  
  173. "Allah the exalted said [in the Koran]: 'And what can make you know what is
  174. [breaking through] the difficult pass [hell]? It is the freeing of a slave.'
  175. And [the prophet Muhammad] said: 'Whoever frees a believer Allah frees every
  176. organ of his body from hellfire.'"
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