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  1. 19th Century Abstraction Example (artist, title, date, influence)
  2. Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral, West Facade, Sunlight
  3.  
  4. What is the goal of Impressionism, and how does Monet’s Rouen Cathedral relate to it?
  5.  
  6. Goals: Focus on the general impression of the scene and simulate reflected light.
  7.  
  8. Relation to art: Capture the West Face of Rouen Cathedral at different times of the day/year, and atmospheric conditions because of how the light differs.
  9.  
  10. 19th Century Expressionism Example (artist, title, date. Influence)
  11. Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889 Post-Impressionist
  12.  
  13. Goals: Move away from the naturalism of the impressionists to explore color, line, and form
  14.  
  15. Relation to art: Colors are a deep blue (not natural), clouds follow unrealistic curves, and stars are strangely, blobby form. (Moving away from naturalism)
  16.  
  17. 20th Century Abstraction Example (artist, title, date, influence)
  18. Pollock, Autumn Rhythm, 1950 Abstract Expressionism
  19.  
  20. What is the goal of Abstract Expressionism?
  21.  
  22. Goals: Art contains emotion and themes, Shaped by Surrealism which focused heavily on WWII Anxiety and Trauma
  23.  
  24. Relation to art: Erratic black and white streaks speak to the social and political uncertainty that was occurring at the time.
  25.  
  26. 20th Century Expressionism Example (artist, title, date, influence)
  27. Kirchner, Berlin Street, 1913, Die Brücke (Birth of Expressionism)
  28.  
  29. Goals: simplified or distorted forms an unusually strong, unnatural colors to jolt the viewer and provoke an emotional response.
  30.  
  31. Relation to art: Long stretched figures of prostitutes appear on the bridge. Dark vivid colors show the emotion in the painting (sad after Brucke group disbanded).
  32.  
  33. 20th Century Conceptual Example (artist, title, date, influence)
  34. Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917 Dada
  35.  
  36. Goals: Emerged during WWI; artist believed the war confirmed their belief that the degradation of social structures has led to WWI, repressive social change, corruption, etc.
  37.  
  38. Relation to art: Show said all paid submissions will be accepted; Signed a urinal; Was accepted, but never placed on display; Art bc Mr. Mutt signed it
  39.  
  40. =============
  41.  
  42. Three Major Works:
  43.  
  44. ***ART1***
  45.  
  46. Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe (The Luncheon on the Grass)
  47.  
  48. -1863
  49.  
  50. Reception:
  51. -was rejected from the Salon of 1863
  52. -featured in Salon des Refuses
  53. -scandal due to naked/scantily clad women who are assumed to be prostitutes (Orgy)
  54.  
  55. Reference:
  56. -Titan's The Pastoral Concert which is something academy artists were supposed to do
  57.  
  58. Qualities:
  59. -Realist influence but unique flat modeling (flat cutout quality of figures)
  60.  
  61. Controversy:
  62. -unacceptable nudity (compared to Birth of Venus)
  63. -intentionally provocative (Orgy)
  64.  
  65. New:
  66. -broke away from the classical view that art should obey established conventions and seek to achieve timelessness
  67.  
  68. ***ART 2***
  69.  
  70. Olympia
  71.  
  72. -1863
  73.  
  74. Reference:
  75. -paraphrasing Titan's Venus of Urbino
  76.  
  77. Differences:
  78. -Manet's: flat and angular; cold and harsh colors; cold and indifferent; gazes down making viewer subordinate; scared cat(symbol of prostitution)
  79. -Titus's: curvy; warm and rich colors; coy look to viewer; looks up; sleeping dog
  80.  
  81. Controversy:
  82. -Manet overturns the accommodating female nude (Socially)
  83. -Formally (Conventions of previous artists)
  84.  
  85. ***ART 3***
  86.  
  87. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
  88.  
  89. -1881-1882
  90.  
  91. Thoughts on urban society:
  92. -focuses on gender and class relations
  93. -barmaid is detached from scene
  94. -nonconsensual sexualization due to gender and class
  95. -her reflection differs from her front view
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