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- 19th Century Abstraction Example (artist, title, date, influence)
- Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral, West Facade, Sunlight
- What is the goal of Impressionism, and how does Monet’s Rouen Cathedral relate to it?
- Goals: Focus on the general impression of the scene and simulate reflected light.
- Relation to art: Capture the West Face of Rouen Cathedral at different times of the day/year, and atmospheric conditions because of how the light differs.
- 19th Century Expressionism Example (artist, title, date. Influence)
- Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889 Post-Impressionist
- Goals: Move away from the naturalism of the impressionists to explore color, line, and form
- Relation to art: Colors are a deep blue (not natural), clouds follow unrealistic curves, and stars are strangely, blobby form. (Moving away from naturalism)
- 20th Century Abstraction Example (artist, title, date, influence)
- Pollock, Autumn Rhythm, 1950 Abstract Expressionism
- What is the goal of Abstract Expressionism?
- Goals: Art contains emotion and themes, Shaped by Surrealism which focused heavily on WWII Anxiety and Trauma
- Relation to art: Erratic black and white streaks speak to the social and political uncertainty that was occurring at the time.
- 20th Century Expressionism Example (artist, title, date, influence)
- Kirchner, Berlin Street, 1913, Die Brücke (Birth of Expressionism)
- Goals: simplified or distorted forms an unusually strong, unnatural colors to jolt the viewer and provoke an emotional response.
- Relation to art: Long stretched figures of prostitutes appear on the bridge. Dark vivid colors show the emotion in the painting (sad after Brucke group disbanded).
- 20th Century Conceptual Example (artist, title, date, influence)
- Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917 Dada
- Goals: Emerged during WWI; artist believed the war confirmed their belief that the degradation of social structures has led to WWI, repressive social change, corruption, etc.
- Relation to art: Show said all paid submissions will be accepted; Signed a urinal; Was accepted, but never placed on display; Art bc Mr. Mutt signed it
- Three Major Works:
- Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe (The Luncheon on the Grass)
- -was rejected from the Salon of 1863
- -featured in Salon des Refuses
- -scandal due to naked/scantily clad women who are assumed to be prostitutes (Orgy)
- -Titan's The Pastoral Concert which is something academy artists were supposed to do
- -Realist influence but unique flat modeling (flat cutout quality of figures)
- -unacceptable nudity (compared to Birth of Venus)
- -intentionally provocative (Orgy)
- -broke away from the classical view that art should obey established conventions and seek to achieve timelessness
- ***ART 2***
- -paraphrasing Titan's Venus of Urbino
- -Manet's: flat and angular; cold and harsh colors; cold and indifferent; gazes down making viewer subordinate; scared cat(symbol of prostitution)
- -Titus's: curvy; warm and rich colors; coy look to viewer; looks up; sleeping dog
- -Manet overturns the accommodating female nude (Socially)
- -Formally (Conventions of previous artists)
- ***ART 3***
- A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
- Thoughts on urban society:
- -focuses on gender and class relations
- -barmaid is detached from scene
- -nonconsensual sexualization due to gender and class
- -her reflection differs from her front view
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