- The American consumer economy began to grow dramatically as soon as the war ended, during the years 1945 to 1950.
- The postwar economic boom was fueled by military spending and cheap energy.
- Labor unions continued to grow rapidly in the industrial factories throughout the 1940s and 1950s.
- The economic and population growth of the Sunbelt occurred because the South relied less than the North did on federal government spending for its economic well-being.
- After World War II, American big cities became heavily populated with minorities, while most whites lived in the suburbs.
- Government policies sometimes encouraged residential segregation in the cities and new suburbs.
- Harry S. Truman brought extensive experience and confidence to the presidency he assumed in April 1945.
- The growing Cold War broke down the strong bonds of trust and common ideals that America and Russia had shared as World War II allies.
- The Western Allies pushed to establish a separate nation of West Germany, while the Russians wanted to restore a unified German state.
- The Truman Doctrine was initiated in response to threatened Soviet gains in Iran and Afghanistan.
- The Marshall Plan was developed primarily as a response to the possible Soviet military invasion of Western Europe.
- The fundamental purpose of NATO was to end the historical feuds among the European nations of Britain, France, Italy, and Germany.
- The postwar hunt for communist subversion was supposedly aimed at rooting out American communists from positions in government and teaching.
- Truman defeated Dewey in 1948 partly because of the deep splits within the Republican party that year.
- Truman fired General MacArthur because MacArthur wanted to expand the Korean War into China.
- (A)Besides giving educational benefits to returning veterans, the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill of Rights) was partly intended to
- A. prevent returning soldiers from flooding the job market
- B. provide the colleges with a new source of income
- C. keep the GIs’ military skills in high readiness for the Cold War
- D. help to slow down the inflationary economy that developed at the end of World War II
- (D) Among the greatest beneficiaries of the post-World War II economic “boom” were
- A. the industrial inner cities
- B. farm laborers
- C. labor unions
- D. women
- (B) Among the causes of the long postwar economic expansion were
- A. foreign investment and international trade
- B. military spending and cheap energy
- C. labor’s wage restraint and the growing number of small businesses
- D. government economic planning and investment
- (D) The two regions that gained most in population and new industry in the postwar economic expansion were
- A. the Northwest and New England
- B. the Northeast and South
- C. the Midwest and West
- D. the South and West
- (D) The federal government played a large role in the growth of the Sunbelt through
- A. federal subsidies to southern and western agriculture
- B. its policies supported civil rights and equal opportunity for minorities
- C. housing loans to veterans
- D. its financial support of the aerospace and defense industries
- (A) Among the federal policies that contributed to the postwar migration from the cities to the suburbs were
- A. housing-mortgage tax deductions and federally built highways
- B. public housing and Social Security
- C. military and public-works spending
- D. direct subsidies to suburban homebuilders
- (C) The postwar “baby-boom” population expansion contributed to
- A. the sharp rise in elementary school enrollments in the 1970s.
- B. the strains on the Social Security system in the 1950s
- C. the popular “youth culture” of the 1960s.
- D. the expanding job opportunities of the 1980s.
- (B) Among President Harry Truman’s most valuable qualities as a leader were
- A. his considerable experience in international affairs
- B. his personal courage, authenticity, and sense of responsibility for big decisions
- C. his intolerance of pettiness or corruption among his subordinates
- D. his patience and willingness to compromise with honest critics
- (B) The primary reason that Franklin Roosevelt made concessions to Stalin at the Yalta Conference was that
- A. he sympathized with the Soviet need to dominate Eastern Europe
- B. he wanted the Soviet Union to enter the war against Japans
- C. he wanted the Soviets to agree to American domination of Central American and the Caribbean
- D. he was afraid of a postwar confrontation with the Soviet Union over China
- (D) Before World War II, both the United States and the Soviet Union
- A. had competed with Germany for the role of leading power in Europe
- B. had concentrated on practical achievements rather than ideological issues
- C. had attempted to build powerful armies and navies in order to gain global power
- D. had been largely inward-looking and isolated from international affairs
a guest Apr 20th, 2011 5,743 Never
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