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  1. The American consumer economy began to grow dramatically as soon as the war ended, during the years 1945 to 1950.
  2.         False
  4. The postwar economic boom was fueled by military spending and cheap energy.
  5.         True
  7. Labor unions continued to grow rapidly in the industrial factories throughout the 1940s and 1950s.
  8.         False
  10. The economic and population growth of the Sunbelt occurred because the South relied less than the North did on federal government spending for its economic well-being.
  11.         False
  13. After World War II, American big cities became heavily populated with minorities, while most whites lived in the suburbs.
  14.         True
  16. Government policies sometimes encouraged residential segregation in the cities and new suburbs.
  17.         True.
  19. Harry S. Truman brought extensive experience and confidence to the presidency he assumed in April 1945.
  20.         False
  22. The growing Cold War broke down the strong bonds of trust and common ideals that America and Russia had shared as World War II allies.
  23.         False
  25. The Western Allies pushed to establish a separate nation of West Germany, while the Russians wanted to restore a unified German state.
  26.         False
  28. The Truman Doctrine was initiated in response to threatened Soviet gains in Iran and Afghanistan.
  29.         False
  31. The Marshall Plan was developed primarily as a response to the possible Soviet military invasion of Western Europe.
  32.         False
  34. The fundamental purpose of NATO was to end the historical feuds among the European nations of Britain, France, Italy, and Germany.
  35.         False
  37. The postwar hunt for communist subversion was supposedly aimed at rooting out American communists from positions in government and teaching.
  38.         True
  40. Truman defeated Dewey in 1948 partly because of the deep splits within the Republican party that year.
  41.         False
  43. Truman fired General MacArthur because MacArthur wanted to expand the Korean War into China.
  44.         True
  46. (A)Besides giving educational benefits to returning veterans, the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill of Rights) was partly intended to
  47. A.      prevent returning soldiers from flooding the job market
  48. B.      provide the colleges with a new source of income
  49. C.      keep the GIs’ military skills in high readiness for the Cold War
  50. D.      help to slow down the inflationary economy that developed at the end of World War II
  53. (D) Among the greatest beneficiaries of the post-World War II economic “boom” were
  54. A.      the industrial inner cities
  55. B.      farm laborers
  56. C.      labor unions
  57. D.      women
  59. (B) Among the causes of the long postwar economic expansion were
  60. A.      foreign investment and international trade
  61. B.      military spending and cheap energy
  62. C.      labor’s wage restraint and the growing number of small businesses
  63. D.      government economic planning and investment
  66. (D) The two regions that gained most in population and new industry in the postwar economic expansion were
  67. A.      the Northwest and New England
  68. B.      the Northeast and South
  69. C.      the Midwest and West
  70. D.      the South and West
  72. (D) The federal government played a large role in the growth of the Sunbelt through
  73. A.      federal subsidies to southern and western agriculture
  74. B.      its policies supported civil rights and equal opportunity for minorities
  75. C.      housing loans to veterans
  76. D.      its financial support of the aerospace and defense industries
  77. (A) Among the federal policies that contributed to the postwar migration from the cities to the suburbs were
  78. A.      housing-mortgage tax deductions and federally built highways
  79. B.      public housing and Social Security
  80. C.      military and public-works spending
  81. D.      direct subsidies to suburban homebuilders
  84. (C) The postwar “baby-boom” population expansion contributed to
  85. A.      the sharp rise in elementary school enrollments in the 1970s.
  86. B.      the strains on the Social Security system in the 1950s
  87. C.      the popular “youth culture” of the 1960s.
  88. D.      the expanding job opportunities of the 1980s.
  90. (B) Among President Harry Truman’s most valuable qualities as a leader were
  91. A.      his considerable experience in international affairs
  92. B.      his personal courage, authenticity, and sense of responsibility for big decisions
  93. C.      his intolerance of pettiness or corruption among his subordinates
  94. D.      his patience and willingness to compromise with honest critics
  98. (B) The primary reason that Franklin Roosevelt made concessions to Stalin at the Yalta Conference was that
  99. A.      he sympathized with the Soviet need to dominate Eastern Europe
  100. B.      he wanted the Soviet Union to enter the war against Japans
  101. C.      he wanted the Soviets to agree to American domination of Central American and the Caribbean
  102. D.      he was afraid of a postwar confrontation with the Soviet Union over China
  104. (D) Before World War II, both the United States and the Soviet Union
  105. A.      had competed with Germany for the role of leading power in Europe
  106. B.      had concentrated on practical achievements rather than ideological issues
  107. C.      had attempted to build powerful armies and navies in order to gain global power
  108. D.      had been largely inward-looking and isolated from international affairs
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