kwasaznik Jun 19th, 2017 (edited) 52 Never
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- 1. Explain how Canada’s identity has been shaped as a result of its involvement in international affairs from 1914 to 2000. (15%)
- World War One • gained political independence from Britain • proved to be valiant fighters; well respected amongst other nations • Canada developed a voice in the Imperial Cabinet • militarily, Canada proved to be creative and respected • as a result of the war, Canada became more confident about its nationhood and it set the tone for greater international involvement in the interwar period
- League of Nations • founding member of the League • signed as an independent nation • received its own seat • joined International Labour Organization • as a result, Canada developed a reputation as being a sound, rational and internationally socially conscious nation
- Chanak Affair sept 1922• demonstrated that Canada would not be at the beck and call of Britain • set precedent for entry into World War Two • as a result, Canada has autonomy in declaration and involvements in war
- Halibut Treaty 1923 • first independent treaty Canada signed • establishes path to economic independence of Canada • as a result, Canada is able to determine the terms of its treaties
- Imperial Conference, 1926 • established Canadian embassies
- Balfour report 1926: king was part of a committee that declared that all member states of the empire were independent and self-governing.
- The person's case 1929
- The famous five
- Women won the case and persons are referred to as male and females
- Statue of Westminster 1931
- Gave Canada control over its foreign policy
- World War Two • joined up on our terms • symbolic assertion of Canada’s sovereignty • valiant fighters • supported war effort • showed national commitment to stopping aggressive nations • as a result of the war, Canada became recognized as a moderate, middle power: nationhood was fully established and it set the tone for Canada’s mediator role in the post-war world
- United Nations • involved in creation • has received seat on Security Council many times • demonstrated full commitment to its policies • developed a precedent for dealing with human rights • as a result, Canada is well respected internationally amongst member nations • Canada takes on role as peacekeeper
- NATO • largely responsible for creating NATO • chose to be a non-nuclear nation and as a result has adopted a middle-power strategy • has been forced into various situations due to NATO policies = difficult
- NORAD • by allying with the United States, Canada has become viewed as being in the back pocket of the United States • proved to be problematic when U.S. foreign policy is at odds with Canada’s
- Korean War • proved role as a middle power • valiant fighters
- Suez Crisis • proved that Canada can mediate internationally • Pearson seen internationally as a mediator
- La Francophonie • showed that Canada is a bilingual nation interested in helping other nations • entrenched bilingual aspects of
- identity • contributions within British Commonwealth of Nations
- Foreign Relations • recognition of China • trading with communist regimes such as China and Cuba
- CIDA • compassionate helping nation
- Iran Hostage Crisis • Canada provided sanctuary to American citizens
- Free Trade Agreement • tied Canada strongly to the United States • been detrimental to developing economic ties with other nations
- First Gulf War • troop involvement through the United Nations
- Somalia • cast shadow upon Canada’s military forces • tarnished its international image
- Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda • peacekeepers
- Ottawa Protocol • ban landmines
- Montreal Accord and Kyoto Protocol • commitment to protecting environment
- 2. Describe the negative impact of population growth on standards of living in the developing world. (15%)
- • rapid growth in the exploitation of natural resources — water, foods and minerals • crowded housing – the speed of growth of cities is too fast for fledgling governments to manage effectively • poor quality housing • cost of land is prohibitively high; many migrants have to become squatters • food availability is poor • quality of food/agricultural production is marginal • high population density presents enormous challenges to governments – cost of infrastructure is extreme and countries do not have the financial capacity to deal with rapid growth – services in poorer areas of cities are not available – people are marginalized • extreme poverty • disease spreads quickly due to lack of proper sanitation • degradation of water quality • education becomes less obtainable • basic health care becomes less obtainable – no birth control or education about it • environmental degradation occurs • poor and powerless communities are often displaced to make way for new roads for further development and buildings for wealthier communities • employment, traffic and transportation problems abound • communications, crime, energy, waste disposal, atmospheric pollution and financial issues • pollution controls are often absent or loosely enforced in order to seek fuller employment • crime is often uncontrollable • many children live alone or on the streets once parents die – turn to prostitution – lives of crime – begging, peddling, stealing
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