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ehh wise guy uh?

May 28th, 2018
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  1. Santería, also known as Regla de Ocha, La Regla de Ifá, or Lucumí
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  3. Santería is a Spanish word that means the "worship of saints". Santería is influenced by and syncretized with Roman Catholicism.
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  5. Santería does not use a central creed for its religious practices; though it is understood in terms of its rituals and ceremonies. These rituals and ceremonies take place in what is known as a house-temple or casa de santos (house of saints), also known as an ilé. Most ilés are in the homes of the initiated priests and priestesses. Ilé shrines are built, by the priests and priestess, to the different orichás, which creates a space for worship, called an igbodu (altar)
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  7. There are four major initiation rituals that the initiator will have to undergo: obtaining the elekes (beaded necklace), receiving Los Guerreros (the Warriors), making Ocha (Saint), and Asiento (ascending the throne).
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  9. according to Gonzalez: "they are also regarded as royalty in the religion, as they are considered representatives of the Orichás and are vested with the power to work with the forces of those Orichás in full."
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  11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santer%C3%ADa
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  13. https://www.etymonline.com/word/saint
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  15. early 12c., from Old French saint, seinte "a saint; a holy relic," displacing or altering Old English sanct, both from Latin sanctus "holy, consecrated" (used as a noun in Late Latin; also source of Spanish santo, santa, Italian san, etc.), properly past participle of sancire "consecrate" (see sacred). Adopted into most Germanic languages (Old Frisian sankt, Dutch sint, German Sanct).
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  17. Religious Figures of Santeria
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  19. Babalú Ayé - Babalu Aye is concerned with disease and epidemics. Originally associated with smallpox, many current worshippers ask him to cure HIV/AIDS.
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  21. Changó - Chango is the orisha of thunder, drums and dance. He is historically a brave warrior king.
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  23. Elegguá - Eleggua is the divine messenger. He is related to new endeavors and crossroads. Eleggua is characteristically a trickster and must be appeased through opening prayers and songs.
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  25. Obbatalá - Obbatala embodies composure and intelligence. He was the creator of the human body. Obbatala is also the protector of the deformed, addicted and mentally ill.
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  27. Ochosi - Ochosi is a hunter. He is often portrayed with a bow and arrow. He is also the Orisha that rules justice.
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  29. Ochún - Ochun is the youngest Orisha. She symbolizes motherhood and water. Worshippers ask her for help with love, marriage and fertility.
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  31. Oggún - Oggun is a warrior. He represents machines and metals. Oggun is often associated with weapons and tools.
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  33. Orula - Orula is connected with divination and wisdom. Orula is often worshipped by priests and priestesses.
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  35. Oyá - Oya is a female Orisha who is associated with winds and lightning. She is a warrior and protector of cemetery gates.
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  37. Yemayá - Yemaya is the mother of the Orishas. She rules the oceans, and like them, can be either peaceful or violent.
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  39. http://academics.smcvt.edu/africanart/Katie/Katie%20M/Gods.htm
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  41. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_saints
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  43. A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.[1][2][title missing][page needed] Catholics believe that patron saints, having already transcended to the metaphysical, are able to intercede effectively for the needs of their special charges.
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  45. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patron_saint
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  47. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Elmo%27s_fire
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  49. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abaku%C3%A1
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  51. Kariocha (Ocha, Asiento, Hacer el Santo, Make Ocha, Ordination): Arguably the most powerful initiation in Santeria is kariocha (sometimes called Ocha, Hacer el Santo or “Making the Saint”). Kariocha means “to seat the orisha“, and in this ceremony a person’s tutelary orisha is seated on their head; they are literally crowned with that orisha. The ceremony of kariocha is marked through divination as a requirement for a person’s destiny, and is not something done “because you want to” or “because you love the orishas“. Simply put it is not for everyone to be crowned with the orisha. The kariocha is a huge ceremony that takes place over seven days and requires the involvement of many priests and priestesses. Prior to the kariocha a person’s tutelary orisha must be determined either through a bajada (a reading done by an olorisha using either Eleggua’s diloggún or the diloggún of the person’s godparent’s crowning orisha) or by three Babalawos using ikin and the opón ifá (table of Ifá). There is no other appropriate way to divine a person’s tutelary orisha and it should not be done until the person is already making preparations to be initiated, since their orisha can change up to the last moment.
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  53. http://santeriachurch.org/our-services/santeria-initiations/
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  55. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/santeria/structure/priesthood.shtml
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