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2018-06-14 TOEFL: ind and int writing overview

gmalivuk Jun 14th, 2018 64 Never
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  1. Greg Malivuk
  2. gmalivuk@staffordhouse.com
  3. http://www.pastebin.com/u/gmalivuk - notes from all classes
  4. ---
  5. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/can-you-solve-the-penniless-pilgrim-riddle-daniel-finkel
  6. ---
  7. Homework: Finish the “Test Questions” sections on the handout
  8.         p. 33 1L10, p. 35-36 1L13, p. 37 1L14, p. 39-40 1L15
  9. 1L10
  10. 1 c
  11. 2 c d e
  12. 3 c
  13. 4 b
  14. 5 c
  15. 6 - 1 2 2 1 1 2
  16. 1L13
  17. 1 b
  18. 2 d
  19. 3 a
  20. 4 b c
  21. 5 b
  22. 6 - 2 2 1 1 2 2
  23. 1L14
  24. 1 b
  25. 2 b
  26. 3 b
  27. 4 a b
  28. 5 b c
  29. 1L15
  30. 1 b
  31. 2 d
  32. 3 d
  33. 4 c
  34. 5 a b
  35. 6 - 3 2 1 4
  36. ---
  37. Writing Section: 4th and final section on the test, 2 tasks, about 60 minutes total
  38. 1 integrated: read a passage, listen to a lecture about the same topic, 20 minutes to summarize the points from the listening and explain how they relate to the main points from the reading
  39. 2 independent: read a choice question, 30 minutes to state and support your opinion about the choice
  40. ---
  41. Independent Writing
  42. ---
  43. There are two types of choice question:
  44. - agree/disagree: “Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?”
  45. - some people / other people: “Some people think _____. Others believe _____. What do you think?”
  46. ---
  47. DELTA p. 394 - agree/disagree example
  48. ---
  49. Prewriting (no more than 5 minutes)
  50. 1 Think about what it means to disagree with an agree/disagree statement. Usually there’s more than one way to disagree.
  51. 2 Brainstorm some reasons for both choices. Think of possible supporting examples for each of the reasons.
  52. 3 Choose the option that has more easily supported reasons for it.
  53. 4 Write a brief outline with your opinion, about 3 reasons, and an example or two for each reason.
  54. ---
  55. When you start writing, just write your thesis statement at first, then begin writing body paragraphs.
  56. At first, don’t spend any more than 5 minutes on each body paragraph. Move onto the next one even if you’re in the middle of a sentence.
  57. At the end, you can come back and add to your introduction and write a conclusion.
  58. ---
  59. 1 Introduction: explain the options you’re choosing between, state your opinion, lead-in (to preview the supporting reasons you’ll write about)
  60. 2-4 Body: state your reasons, support them with details and examples that (a) show that your reason is true and (b) show that it supports your opinion
  61. 5 Conclusion: restate your opinion, summarize your reasons, and wrap up with advice, a recommendation, or a prediction about the future
  62. ---
  63. BREAK
  64. ---
  65. DELTA p. 404 prompt 1 - Take 5 minutes to brainstorm some ideas for both choices (agree and disagree) and then write a short outline with the reasons and some examples you can use to support your opinion.
  66. Then take another 5 minutes to write one body paragraph for this response.
  67.     “The first reason is that if a student doesn’t like a teacher, …”
  68. ---
  69. Integrated Writing
  70. - 3 minutes to read a passage and make note of the main idea and three supporting points
  71. - listen to a lecture about the same topic (but probably with the opposite main idea) and take notes
  72. - 20 minutes to write about the main points from the lecture and how they relate to the reading
  73. ---
  74. DELTA p. 369 - Take 3 minutes to read the article. What are the main ideas?
  75. R0 (main idea) = the development plan is a good idea
  76. R1 = it will make the city more attractive and motivate people to live and shop there
  77. R2 = it will solve the need for residential space
  78. R3 = it will benefit the city economically with construction jobs and small businesses
  79. ---
  80. Listen to the lecture and take notes on its main points.
  81. L0 = the development plan is a bad idea
  82. L1 = it will destroy the view of the lake, and the natural beauty is what attracts people to the town now
  83.     (Building a park instead would enhance this beauty and make the city more attractive)
  84. L2 = the new housing will be too expensive for most people who work in the area, so it won’t really solve the residential space problem
  85. L3 = financial benefits go to only a few people (real estate and construction), and this comes with a high environmental cost (and a park instead would not cause problems for the environment)
  86. ---
  87. A point-by-point response has four paragraphs:
  88. 1 Introduction: explain the topic, summarize R0 and L0 and explain how they relate
  89. 2 First point: summarize R1 and L1, and explain how L1 relates to R1
  90. 3 Second point: summarize R2 and L2, and explain how L2 relates to R2
  91. 4 Third point: summarize R3 and L3, and explain how L3 relates to R3
  92. ---
  93. p. 392 - Take three minutes to read the text.
  94. R0 = wind energy is good
  95. R1 = wind energy is available everywhere and abundant enough to provide 20% of US energy
  96. R2 = wind energy is affordable enough to compete with other energy, ½ coal and ⅕ of nuclear costs
  97. R3 = wind energy is clean and environmentally friendly, no greenhouse gases or pollution and will decrease our need for fossil fuels
  98. ---
  99. What might be some contrasting points from the lecture? Listen and take notes.
  100. L0 = It’s not so great.
  101. L1 = unpredictable amount, not always available
  102. L2 = expensive to build infrastructure before building turbines
  103. L3 = kills birds (not environmentally friendly), makes noise (not nice to live near)
  104. ---
  105. Citation Language: say where the ideas come from (“the reading says”, “according to the speaker”, etc.)
  106. Contrast Language: explain how they relate (“On the other hand”, “This contradicts…”, etc.)
  107. ---
  108. Speaking Section: third section, after the 10-minute break; about 20 minutes total for 6 tasks
  109. 1 independent, open-ended - 15 seconds to prepare / 45 seconds to speak
  110. 2 independent, choice question - 15/45
  111. 3 integrated reading/listening/speaking, campus announcement and conversation - 30/60
  112. 4 integrated R/L/S, academic text and lecture - 30/60
  113. 5 integrated L/S, conversation about a problem and solutions - 20/60
  114. 6 integrated L/S, academic lecture - 20/60
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