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Timeline of Zionist Terror

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  1. Timeline of Zionist Terror
  2. From a UN committee
  3. 01 October 1948
  4.  
  5. The UN Report Prepared in 1948 for Ralphe Bunche, New UN Commissioner to Palestine
  6.  
  7. Foreword: In view of the tragic assassination of Count Folke Bernadotte by identified Jewish terrorists on September 17 of this year, the
  8.  
  9. following report has been prepared for the use of Dr. Bunche, Count Bernadotte's immediate replacement.
  10.  
  11. This report is a compilation of all identified terrorist attacks on British, American and Arab individuals and entities in the assassination
  12.  
  13. of the British Resident Minister in the Middle East on November 6, 1944 by members of the terrorist Jewish Stern gang to the assassination
  14.  
  15. of Count Bernadotte on September 17, 1948 by members of this same gang of fanatics.
  16.  
  17. This information is compiled from reports of the US Department of State, the British Foreign Office and various American and British press
  18.  
  19. services.
  20.  
  21. New York, October 1, 1948
  22.  
  23. Chronology
  24.  
  25. 1944
  26.  
  27. 1
  28.  
  29. November 6, 1944, Cairo. Lord Moyne, British Resident Minister in the Middle East, and his driver were assassinated outside the minister's
  30.  
  31. Cairo residence. Two murderers were involved. One was injured, and both were immediately arrested.
  32.  
  33. 1945
  34.  
  35. 2
  36.  
  37. January 10, 1945, Cairo. The British supreme military court today put on trial Eliahu Bet-Tsours from Tel Aviv and Eliahu Hakim of Haifa,
  38.  
  39. both admitted members of the Jewish terrorist Stern gang.
  40.  
  41. 3
  42.  
  43. January 18, 1945, Cairo. The British supreme military court sentenced the murderers of Lord Moyne to death. Both killers admitted their act
  44.  
  45. and also admitted their membership in the Stem gang which they said ordered the killings as a warning to the British not to interfere with
  46.  
  47. future Jewish immigration to Jerusalem.
  48.  
  49. 4
  50.  
  51. March 22, 1945, Cairo. The two convicted Jewish Stern gang terrorists who murdered Lord Moyne and his driver were hanged today in the Cairo
  52.  
  53. prison British authorities announced.
  54.  
  55. 1946
  56.  
  57. 5
  58.  
  59. January 12, 1946, Palestine. A train was derailed by Jewish terrorists at Hadera near Haifa by a bomb and robbed of £35,000 in cash. Two
  60.  
  61. British police officials were injured.
  62.  
  63. 6
  64.  
  65. January 18, 1946, Haifa. Over 900 illegal Jewish immigrants were captured off Haifa by the British Royal Navy
  66.  
  67. 7
  68.  
  69. January 19, 1946, Jerusalem. .Jewish terrorists destroyed a power station and a portion of the Central Jerusalem prison by explosives. Two
  70.  
  71. persons were killed by the police.
  72.  
  73. 8
  74.  
  75. January 20, 1946, Palestine. Jewish terrorists launched an attack against the British-controlled Givat Olga Coast Guard Station located
  76.  
  77. between Tel Aviv and Haifa. Ten persons were injured and one was killed. Captured papers indicated that the purpose of this raid was to take
  78.  
  79. revenge on the British for their seizure of the refugee ship on January 18. British military authorities in Jerusalem questioned 3,000 Jews
  80.  
  81. and held 148 in custody.
  82.  
  83. 9
  84.  
  85. April 25, 1946, Palestine. Jewish terrorists attacked a British military installation near Tel Aviv. This group, which contained a number of
  86.  
  87. young girls, had as its goal the capture of British weapons. British authorities rounded up 1,200 suspects.
  88.  
  89. 10
  90.  
  91. June 24, 1946, Palestine. The Irgun radio “Fighting Zion” warns that three kidnapped British officers are held as hostages for two Irgun
  92.  
  93. members, Josef Simkohn and Issac Ashbel facing execution as well as 31 Irgun members facing trial.
  94.  
  95. 11
  96.  
  97. June 27, 1946, Palestine. Thirty Irgun members are sentenced by a British military court to 15 years imprison. One, Benjamin Kaplan was
  98.  
  99. sentenced to life for carrying a firearm.
  100.  
  101. 12
  102.  
  103. June 29, 1946, Palestine. British military units and police raided Jewish settlements throughout Palestine searching for the leaders of
  104.  
  105. Haganah, a leading Jewish terrorist agency The Jewish Agency for Palestine was occupied and four top official arrested. At the end of June,
  106.  
  107. 1946 2,000 were arrested and four Jews and one British soldier were killed.
  108.  
  109. 13
  110.  
  111. July 1, 1946, Palestine. British officials announced the discovery of a large arms dump hidden underground at Meshek Yagur. 2,659 men and 59
  112.  
  113. women were detained for the three day operation in which 27 settlements were searched. For were killed and 80 were injured.
  114.  
  115. 14
  116.  
  117. July 3, 1946, Palestine. Palestine High Commissioner Lt. General Sir Alan Cunningham commuted to life imprisonment the death sentences of
  118.  
  119. Josef Simkhon and Issac Ashbel, Irgun members.
  120.  
  121. 15
  122.  
  123. July 4, 1946, Tel Aviv. British officers, Captains K. Spencer, C. Warburton and A. Taylor who had been kidnapped by the Irgun on June 18 and
  124.  
  125. held as hostages for the lives of Simkohn and Ashbel, were released in Tel Aviv unharmed. At this time, Irgun issued a declaration of war
  126.  
  127. against the British claiming that they had no alternative but to fight.
  128.  
  129. 16
  130.  
  131. July 22, 1946, Jerusalem. The west wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem which housed British Military Headquarters and other
  132.  
  133. governmental offices was destroyed at 12:57 PM by explosives planted in the cellar by members of the Irgun terrorist gang. By the 26 of
  134.  
  135. July, the casualties were 76 persons killed, 46 injured and 29 still missing in the rubble. The dead included many British, Arabs and Jews.
  136.  
  137. 17
  138.  
  139. July 23, l946 Jerusalem. The Irgun Zvai Leumi terrorist group takes responsibility for the King David bombing but blames the British,
  140.  
  141. calling them “tyrants.”
  142.  
  143. 18
  144.  
  145. July 24, 1946, London. The British government released a White Paper that accuses the Haganah, Irgun and Stern gangs of “a planned movement
  146.  
  147. of sabotage and violence” under the direction of the Jewish Agency and asserts that the June 29 arrest of Zionist leaders was the cause of
  148.  
  149. the bombing.
  150.  
  151. 19
  152.  
  153. July 28, 1946, Jerusalem. The British Palestine Commander, Lt. General Sir Evelyn Barker, banned fraternization by British troops with
  154.  
  155. Palestine Jews whom he stated “cannot be absolved of responsibility for terroristic acts.” The order states that this will punish “the race
  156.  
  157. … by striking at their pockets and showing our contempt for them”
  158.  
  159. 20
  160.  
  161. July 29, 1946, Tel Aviv. Police in Tel Aviv raided a workshop making bombs.
  162.  
  163. 21
  164.  
  165. July 30, 1946, Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv is placed under a 22-hour-a-day curfew as 20,000 British troops began a house-to-house sweep for
  166.  
  167. terrorists. The city is sealed off from the rest of Jerusalem and troops are ordered to shoot to kill any curfew violators.
  168.  
  169. 22
  170.  
  171. July 31, 1946, Tel Aviv. A large cache of weapons, extensive counterfeiting equipment and $1,000,000 in counterfeit Government bonds were
  172.  
  173. discovered in Tel Aviv's largest synagogue.
  174.  
  175. 23
  176.  
  177. July 31, 1946, Haifa. Two ships have arrived at Haifa with a total of 3,200 illegal Jewish immigrants.
  178.  
  179. 24
  180.  
  181. August 2, 1946, Tel Aviv. British military authorities ended the curfew in Tel Aviv after detaining 500 persons for further questioning. A
  182.  
  183. second arms dump was discovered on July 1 in a school building.
  184.  
  185. 25
  186.  
  187. August 2, 1946, Jerusalem. The Palestine Government disclosed that 91 persons were killed and 45 injured in the King David bombing.
  188.  
  189. 26
  190.  
  191. August 2, 1946, Jerusalem. Jerusalem police announced the arrest of Itzhak Yestemitsky second man in the Stern gang.
  192.  
  193. 27
  194.  
  195. August 12, 1946, London. The British Government announced that it will allow no more unscheduled immigration into Palestine and that those
  196.  
  197. seeking entry into that country will be sent to Cyprus and other areas under detention. Declaring that such immigration threatens a civil
  198.  
  199. war with the Arab population, it charges a “minority of Zionist extremists” with attempting to force an unacceptable solution of the
  200.  
  201. Palestine problem.
  202.  
  203. 28
  204.  
  205. August 12, 1946, Haifa. Two ships carrying a total of 1,300 Jewish refugees arrived at Haifa. The port area was isolated on August 11 by
  206.  
  207. British military and naval units. The first deportation ship sailed for Cyprus with 500 Jews on board.
  208.  
  209. 29
  210.  
  211. August 13, 1946, Haifa. Three Jews were killed and seven wounded when British troops were compelled to fire on a crowd of about 1,000
  212.  
  213. persons frying to break into the port area of Haifa. Two Royal Navy ships with 1,300 illegal Jewish immigrants on board sailed for Cyprus.
  214.  
  215. Another ship with 600 illegal immigrants was captured and confined in the Haifa harbor.
  216.  
  217. 30
  218.  
  219. August 26, 1946, Palestine. British military units searched the coastal villages of Casera and Sadoth Yam for three Jews who bombed the
  220.  
  221. transport “Empire Rival” last week Eighty-five persons, including the entire male population of one of the villages were sent to the Rafa
  222.  
  223. detention center.
  224.  
  225. 31
  226.  
  227. August 27, 1946, Palestine. During the searches conducted on August 26, an explosive limpet mine similar to the one used on the “Empire
  228.  
  229. Rival” was found.
  230.  
  231. 32
  232.  
  233. August 29, 1946, Jerusalem. the British Government announced the commutation to life imprisonment of the death sentences imposed on l8
  234.  
  235. Jewish youths convicted of bombing the Haifa railroad shops.
  236.  
  237. 33
  238.  
  239. August 30, 1946, Palestine. British military units discovered arms and munitions dumps in the Jewish farming villages of Dorot and Ruhama.
  240.  
  241. 34
  242.  
  243. September 8, 1946, Palestine. Zionist terrorists cut the Palestine railroad in 50 places.
  244.  
  245. 35
  246.  
  247. September 9, 1946, Tel Aviv. two British officers were killed in an explosion in a public building.
  248.  
  249. 36
  250.  
  251. September 9, 1946, Haifa. An Arab constable was killed.
  252.  
  253. 37
  254.  
  255. September 10, 1946, Palestine. British troops imposed a curfew and arrested 101 Jews and wounded two in a search for saboteurs in Tel Aviv
  256.  
  257. and neighboring Ramat Gan. Irgun terrorist group took the action against the railways on September 8, as a protest.
  258.  
  259. 38
  260.  
  261. September 14, 1946, Jaffa. Jewish terrorists robbed three banks in Jaffa and Tel Aviv, killing three Arabs. Thirty-six Jews were arrested.
  262.  
  263. 39
  264.  
  265. September 15, 1946, Tel Aviv. Jewish terrorists attacked a police station on the coast near Tel Aviv but were driven off by gunfire.
  266.  
  267. 40
  268.  
  269. October 2, 1946, Tel Aviv. British military units and police seized 50 Jews in a Tel Aviv cafe after a Jewish home was blown up. This home
  270.  
  271. belonged to a Jewish woman who had refused to pay extortion money to the Irgun terrorist gang.
  272.  
  273. 41
  274.  
  275. October 6, 1944 Jerusalem. An RAF man was killed by gunfire
  276.  
  277. 42
  278.  
  279. October 8, 1946, Jerusalem. Two British soldiers were killed when their truck detonated a land mine outside Jerusalem. A leading Arab figure
  280.  
  281. was wounded in a similar mine explosion in Jerusalem and more road mines were found near Government House.
  282.  
  283. 43
  284.  
  285. October 31, 1946, Rome. The British Embassy in Rome was damaged by a bomb, believed to have been planted by Jewish terrorists.
  286.  
  287. 44
  288.  
  289. November 3, 1946, Palestine. Two Jews and two Arabs were killed in clashes between Arabs and a group of Jews attempting to establish a
  290.  
  291. settlement at Lake Hula in northern Palestine.
  292.  
  293. 45
  294.  
  295. November 4, 1946, Rome. Italian authorities released a letter in which the Jewish terrorist gang, Irgun, took credit for the October 31
  296.  
  297. embassy bombing.
  298.  
  299. 46
  300.  
  301. November 5, 1946, Palestine. British authorities released the following eight Jewish Agency leaders from the Latrun concentration camp where
  302.  
  303. they had been held since June 29: Moshe Shertok, Dr. Issac Greenbaum, Dr. Bernard Joseph, David Remiz, David Hacohen, David Shingarevsky,
  304.  
  305. Joseph Shoffman and Mordecai Shatter. A total of 2,550 Haganah suspects have also been released as well as 779 Jews arrested in the wake of
  306.  
  307. the King David bombing.
  308.  
  309. 47
  310.  
  311. November 7, 1946, Palestine. Railroad traffic was suspended for 24 hours throughout Palestine following a fourth Irgun attack on railway
  312.  
  313. facilities in two days.
  314.  
  315. 48
  316.  
  317. November 9 through November 13, 1946, Palestine. Nineteen persons, eleven British soldiers and policemen and eight Arab constables, were
  318.  
  319. killed in Palestine during this period as Jewish terrorists, using land mines and suitcase bombs, increased their attacks on railroad
  320.  
  321. stations, trains and even streetcars.
  322.  
  323. 49
  324.  
  325. November 14, 1946, London. The Board of Deputies of British Jews condemned Jewish terrorist groups who threatened to export their terrorism
  326.  
  327. to England.
  328.  
  329. 50
  330.  
  331. November 18, 1946, Tel Aviv. Police in Tel Aviv attacked Jews, assaulting many and firing into houses. Twenty Jews were injured in fights
  332.  
  333. with British troops following the death on November 17 of three policemen and an RAF sergeant in a land mine explosion.
  334.  
  335. 51
  336.  
  337. Five persons were injured when a bomb exploded in the Jerusalem tax office.
  338.  
  339. 52
  340.  
  341. December 2 through December 5,1946, Palestine. Ten persons, including six British soldiers, were killed in bomb and land-mine explosions.
  342.  
  343. 53
  344.  
  345. December 3,1946, Jerusalem. A member of the Stern gang was killed in an aborted hold-up attempt
  346.  
  347. 54
  348.  
  349. December 26,1946, Palestine. Armed Jewish terrorists raided two diamond factories in Nathanya and Tel Aviv and escaped with nearly $107,000
  350.  
  351. in diamonds, cash and bonds. These raids signaled an end to a two- week truce during the World Zionist Congress.
  352.  
  353. 1947
  354.  
  355. 55
  356.  
  357. January 1, 1947, Jerusalem. Dov Gruner was sentenced to hang by a British military court for taking part in a raid on the Ramat Gan police
  358.  
  359. headquarters in April of 1946.
  360.  
  361. 56
  362.  
  363. January 2, 1947, Palestine. A wave of terror swept Palestine as Jewish terrorists staged bombings and machine gun attacks in five cities.
  364.  
  365. Casualties were low. Homemade flame-throwers were used in several cases. Pamphlets seized warned that the Irgun had again declared war
  366.  
  367. against the British and Arabs of Palestine.
  368.  
  369. 57
  370.  
  371. January 4, 1947, Jerusalem. British soldiers have been ordered to wear sidearms at all times and were forbidden to enter any cafe or
  372.  
  373. restaurant.
  374.  
  375. 58
  376.  
  377. January 5, 1947, Egypt ,Eleven British troops were injured in a hand grenade attack on a train carrying troops to Palestine. The attack took
  378.  
  379. place near Benha, 25 miles from Cairo.
  380.  
  381. 59
  382.  
  383. January 8, 1947, Palestine. British police arrested 32 persons suspected of being members of the Irgun terrorist gang's “Black Squad” in
  384.  
  385. raids on Rishon-el Zion and Rehoboth.
  386.  
  387. 60
  388.  
  389. January 12, 1947, Haifa. A single terrorist drove a truck filled with high explosives into the central police station and exploded it,
  390.  
  391. killing two British policemen and two Arab constables and injuring 140 others. The terrorist escaped. This action ended a 10-day lull in the
  392.  
  393. violence and the Stern gang took the credit for it.
  394.  
  395. 61
  396.  
  397. January 13, 1947, Haifa. British soldiers and police screened 872 persons in Haifa and detained 10 for further questioning as Arabs and Jews
  398.  
  399. both condemned the bombing.
  400.  
  401. 62
  402.  
  403. January 14, 1947, Jerusalem. Yehudi Katz is sentenced to life in prison by a Jerusalem court for robbing a bank in Jaffa in September of
  404.  
  405. 1946 to obtain funds for the terrorists.
  406.  
  407. 63
  408.  
  409. January 21, 1947, London. Dr. Emmanuel Neumann, vice president of the Zionist Organization of America, declared US. Zionists would spend
  410.  
  411. “millions” to finance illegal immigration of Jews to Palestine. A Haganah spokesman in Paris claimed that 211,878 Jews entered Palestine
  412.  
  413. illegally during the past 15 months.
  414.  
  415. 64
  416.  
  417. January 22, 1947, Palestine. Sir Harry Gurney, Chief Secretary, stated that the British administration was taxing Palestine $2,400,000 to
  418.  
  419. pay for sabotage by the terrorists.
  420.  
  421. 65
  422.  
  423. January 22, 1947, London. Colonial Secretary Arthur Creech Jones informed the House of Commons 73 British subjects were murdered by
  424.  
  425. Palestine terrorists in 1946 and
  426.  
  427. “no culprits have been convicted.”
  428.  
  429. 66
  430.  
  431. January 27, 1947, London. Britain's conference on Palestine, boycotted by the Jews, reconvened. Jamal el Husseini, Palestine Arab leader,
  432.  
  433. declared that the Arab world was unalterably opposed to partition as a solution to the problem. The session then adjourned.
  434.  
  435. 67
  436.  
  437. January 29, 1947, London. It was officially announced that the British Cabinet decided to partition Palestine.
  438.  
  439. 68
  440.  
  441. January 29, 1947, Jerusalem. Irgun forces released former Maj. H. Collins, a British banker, who they kidnapped on January 26 from his home.
  442.  
  443. He had been badly beaten. On January 28, the Irgun released Judge Ralph Windham who had been kidnapped in Tel Aviv on January 27 while
  444.  
  445. trying a case. These men had been taken as hostages for Dov Bela Gruner, an Irgun member under death sentence for terrorism. The British
  446.  
  447. High Commissioner, Lt Gen.. Sir Alan Cunningham, had threatened martial law unless the two men were returned unharmed.
  448.  
  449. 69
  450.  
  451. January 31, 1947, Jerusalem. General Cunningham ordered the wives and children of all British civilians to leave Palestine at once. About
  452.  
  453. 2,000 are involved. This order did not apply to the 5,000 Americans in Palestine.
  454.  
  455. 70
  456.  
  457. February 3, 1947, Jerusalem. The Palestine Government issued a 7-day ultimatum to the Jewish Agency demanding that it state “categorically
  458.  
  459. and at once” whether it and the supreme Jewish Council in Palestine will call on the Jewish community by February 10 for “cooperation with
  460.  
  461. the police and armed forces in bringing to justice the members of the terrorist groups.” This request was publicly rejected by Mrs. Goldie
  462.  
  463. Meyerson, head of the Jewish Agency's political department
  464.  
  465. 71
  466.  
  467. February 4, 1947, Jerusalem. British District Commissioner James Pollock disclosed a plan for military occupation of three sectors of
  468.  
  469. Jerusalem and orders nearly 1,000 Jews to evacuate the Rehavia, Schneler and German quarters by noon, February 6.
  470.  
  471. 72
  472.  
  473. February 5, 1947, Jerusalem. The Vaad Leumi rejected the British ultimatum while the Irgun passed out leaflets that it was prepared to fight
  474.  
  475. to the death against the British authority. The first 700 of some 1,500 British women and children ordered to evacuate Palestine leave by
  476.  
  477. plane and train for Egypt. British authorities, preparing for military action, order other families from sections of Tel Aviv and Haifa
  478.  
  479. which will be turned into fortified military areas.
  480.  
  481. 73
  482.  
  483. February 9, 1947, Haifa. British troops removed 650 illegal Jewish immigrants from the schooner ‘Negev” at Haifa and after a struggle forced
  484.  
  485. them aboard the ferry ‘Emperor Haywood” for deportation to Cyprus.
  486.  
  487. 74
  488.  
  489. February 14, 1947, Jerusalem. The British administration revealed that Lt Gen. Sir Evelyn Barker, retiring British commander in Palestine,
  490.  
  491. had confirmed the death sentences of three Irgun members on February 12 before leaving for England. The three men, Dov Ben Rosenbaum,
  492.  
  493. Eliezer Ben Kashani and Mordecai Ben Alhachi, had been sentenced on February 10 to be hanged for carrying firearms. A fourth, Haim
  494.  
  495. Gorovetzky, received a life sentence because of his youth. Lt Gen. G. MacMillian arrived in Jerusalem on February 13 to succeed Gen. Barker.
  496.  
  497. 75
  498.  
  499. February 15, 1947, Palestine. The Sabbath was the setting for sporadic outbreaks of violence which included the murder of an Arab in Jaffa
  500.  
  501. and of a Jew in Bne Brok, the kidnapping of a Jew in Peta Tikvah and the burning of a Jewish club in Haifa.
  502.  
  503. 76
  504.  
  505. March 9, 1947, Hadera. A British army camp was attacked.
  506.  
  507. 77
  508.  
  509. March 10, 1947, Haifa. A Jew, suspected of being an informer, was murdered by Jewish terrorists.
  510.  
  511. 78
  512.  
  513. March 12, 1947, Jerusalem. The British Army pay corps was dynamited in Jerusalem and one soldier killed.
  514.  
  515. 79
  516.  
  517. March 12, 1947, Palestine. British military units captured most of the 800 Jews whose motor ship “Susanna” ran the British blockade and was
  518.  
  519. beached north of Gaza on this date. A British naval escort brought the “Ben Hecht,” the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation's first
  520.  
  521. known immigrant ship, into Haifa, and its 599 passengers were shipped to Cyprus. The British arrested the crew, which included 18 US.
  522.  
  523. seamen.
  524.  
  525. 80
  526.  
  527. March 13, 1947, Jerusalem. British authorities announced 78 arrests as a result of unofficial Jewish cooperation, but two railroads were
  528.  
  529. attacked, resulting in two deaths, and eight armed men robbed a Tel Aviv bank of $65,000.
  530.  
  531. 81
  532.  
  533. March 14, 1947, Palestine. Jewish terrorists blew up part of an oil pipeline in Haifa and a section of the rail line at Beer Yakov.
  534.  
  535. 82
  536.  
  537. March 16, 1947, Jerusalem. The Jewish Agency building was bombed.
  538.  
  539. 83
  540.  
  541. March 17, 1947, Jerusalem. British authorities ended martial law which had kept 300,000 Jews under house arrest for 16 days and tied up most
  542.  
  543. economic activity
  544. 84
  545.  
  546. March 17, 1947, Palestine. A military court sentenced Moshe Barazani to be hanged for possessing a hand grenade.
  547.  
  548. 85
  549.  
  550. March 18, 1947, Palestine. Terrorist leaflets admitted the murder of Michael Shnell on Mount Carmel as an informer.
  551.  
  552. 86
  553.  
  554. March 22, 1947, Palestine. British officials announced the arrest of five known terrorists and the discovery near Petah Tikvah of the body
  555.  
  556. of Leon Meshiah, a Jew presumably slain as a suspected informer
  557.  
  558. 87
  559.  
  560. March 26, 1947, London. Britain's Privy Council rejected the appeal of the death sentence against Dov Bela Gruner.
  561.  
  562. 88
  563.  
  564. March 28, 1947, Haifa. The Irgun blew up the Iraq Petroleum Co. pipeline in Haifa.
  565.  
  566. 89
  567.  
  568. March 29, 1947, Palestine. A British army officer was murdered by Jewish terrorists when they ambushed a party of horsemen near the Ramle
  569.  
  570. camp. A raid by terrorists on a Tel Aviv bank yielded $109,000.
  571.  
  572. 90
  573.  
  574. March 30, 1947, Palestine. Units of the British Royal Navy, answering an SOS, took the disabled “Moledeth” with 1,600 illegal Jewish
  575.  
  576. refugees on board under tow some 50 miles outside Palestinian waters.
  577.  
  578. 91
  579.  
  580. March 30, 1947, Tel Aviv. The Stem gang killed the wife of a British soldier.
  581.  
  582. 92
  583.  
  584. March 31, 1947, Haifa. Jewish terrorists dynamited the British-owned Shell-Mex oil tanks in Haifa, starting a fire that destroyed a
  585.  
  586. quarter-mile of the waterfront The damage was set at more than $1,000,000, and the British government in Palestine has stated that the
  587.  
  588. Jewish community will have to pay for it
  589.  
  590. 93
  591.  
  592. April 2, 1947, Cyprus. The “Ocean Vigour' was damaged by a bomb in Famagusta Harbor, Cyprus. The Haganah admitted the bombing.
  593.  
  594. 94
  595.  
  596. April 3, 1947, Jerusalem. A court in Jerusalem sentenced Daniel Azulai and Meyer Feinstein, members of the Irgun terrorist gang, to death
  597.  
  598. for the October 30 attack on the Jerusalem railroad station. The Palestine Supreme Court admitted an appeal of Dov Bela Gruner's death
  599.  
  600. sentence.
  601.  
  602. 95
  603.  
  604. April 3, 1947. The transport “Empire Rival” was damaged by a time bomb while en route from Haifa to Port Said in Egypt
  605.  
  606. 96
  607.  
  608. April 7, 1947, Jerusalem. The High Court denied a new appeal against the death sentence of Dov Bela Gruner, and a British patrol killed
  609.  
  610. Moshe Cohen.
  611.  
  612. 97
  613.  
  614. April 8, 1947, Jerusalem. Jewish terrorists killed a British constable in revenge for the Cohen death.
  615.  
  616. 98
  617.  
  618. April 9, 1947, Palestine. The Palestine Government abandoned “statutory martial law” in the face of unfavorable publicity but granted itself
  619.  
  620. military dictatorship powers in “controlled areas” it may impose.
  621.  
  622. 99
  623.  
  624. April 10, 1947, London. The British Government requested France and Italy to prevent Jews from embarking for Palestine.
  625.  
  626. 100
  627.  
  628. April 11, 1947, Jerusalem. Asher Eskovitch, a Jew, was beaten to death by Moslems when he entered the forbidden Mosque of Omar.
  629.  
  630. 101
  631.  
  632. April 13, 1947, Jerusalem. Guella Cohen, Stern gang illegal broadcaster, escaped from a British military hospital.
  633.  
  634. 102
  635.  
  636. April 14, 1947, Tel Aviv. A British naval unit boarded the refugee ship “Guardian” and seized it along with 2,700 passengers after a gun
  637.  
  638. battle in which two immigrants were killed and 14 wounded.
  639.  
  640. 103
  641.  
  642. April 16, 1947, Haifa. In spite of threats of reprisal from the Irgun, the British hanged Dov Bela Gruner and three other Irgun members at
  643.  
  644. Acre Prison on Haifa Bay. Jewish communities were kept under strict curfew for several hours. Soon after the deaths were announced, a time
  645.  
  646. bomb was found in the Colonial Office in London but was defused.
  647.  
  648. 104
  649.  
  650. April 17, 1947, Palestine. Lt Gen. C. Macmillan confirmed death sentences for two more convicted terrorists, Meier Ben Feinstein and Moshe
  651.  
  652. Ben Barazani, but reduced Daniel Azulai's sentence to life imprisonment
  653.  
  654. 105
  655.  
  656. April 18, 1947, Palestine. Irgun's reprisals for the Gruner execution were an attack on a field dressing station near Nethanaya where one
  657.  
  658. sentry was killed, an attack on an armored car in Tel Aviv where one bystander was killed and harmless shots at British troops in Haifa.
  659.  
  660. 106
  661.  
  662. April 19,1947, Haifa. British naval units exploded depth charges in Haifa harbor to prevent an underwater assault by Jewish “frogmen” on
  663.  
  664. three British deportation vessels that took the “Guardian's” passengers to Cyprus.
  665.  
  666. 107
  667.  
  668. April 20, 1947, Tel Aviv. A series of bombings by Jewish terrorists in retaliation for the hanging of convicted terrorist Gruner injured 12
  669.  
  670. British soldiers.
  671.  
  672. 108
  673.  
  674. April 21, 1947, Jerusalem. Meir Feinstein and Moshe Barazani, condemned terrorists, killed themselves in prison a few hours before they were
  675.  
  676. scheduled to be hanged. They blew themselves up with bombs smuggled to them in hollowed-out oranges.
  677.  
  678. 109
  679.  
  680. April 22, 1947, Palestine. A troop train arriving from Cairo was bombed outside Rehovoth with five soldiers and three civilians killed and
  681.  
  682. 39 persons injured.
  683.  
  684. 110
  685.  
  686. April 23, 1947, London. The British First Lord of the Admiralty, Viscount Hall, defended the Labor Government's policy in Palestine and he
  687.  
  688. acknowledged in the House of Lords that Britain would not “carry out a policy of which it did not approve” despite any UN action. He blamed
  689.  
  690. contributions from American Jews to the Palestine terrorists as aiding terrorism there and cited the toll since August 1, 1945: 113 killed,
  691.  
  692. 249 wounded, 168 Jews convicted, 28 sentenced to death, four executed, 33 terrorists slain in battles. Viscount Samuel urged increased
  693.  
  694. immigration.
  695.  
  696. 111
  697.  
  698. April 23, 1947, Palestine. The Irgun proclaimed its own “military courts” to “try” British troops and policemen who resisted them.
  699.  
  700. 112
  701.  
  702. April 24, 1947, Palestine. Lt. General Sir Alan Cunningham, Palestine High Commissioner flew to Egypt and requested Lt General Sir Miles
  703.  
  704. Dempsey, Middle-East land force commander, for more troops to be sent to Palestine.
  705.  
  706. 113
  707.  
  708. April 25, 1947, Tel Aviv. A Stern gang squad drove a stolen post office truck loaded with explosives into the Sarona police compound and
  709.  
  710. detonated it, killing five British policemen.
  711.  
  712. 114
  713.  
  714. April 26, 1947, Haifa. The murder of Deputy Police Superintendent A. Conquest climaxed a week of bloodshed.
  715.  
  716. 115
  717.  
  718. May 4,1947, Acre. The walls of Acre prison were blasted open by an Irgun bomb squad and 251 Jewish and Arab prisoners escaped after a gun
  719.  
  720. battle in which 15 Jews and 1 Arab were killed, 32 (including six British guards) were injured and 23 escapists were recaptured. The
  721.  
  722. Palestine Government promised no extra punishment if the 189 escapees still at large will surrender.
  723.  
  724. 116
  725.  
  726. May 6, 1947, Jerusalem. former British Commando Sgt Dov Bernard Cohen, head of the Acre bomb squad, was fatally wounded in the attack.
  727.  
  728. 117
  729.  
  730. May 4, 1947, New York. The Political Action Committee for Palestine ran a series of advertisements in New York newspapers seeking funds to
  731.  
  732. buy parachutes for young European Jews planning to crash the Palestine immigration barrier by air.
  733.  
  734. 118
  735.  
  736. May 8, 1947, Tel Aviv. A Jew was ambushed and shot to death by an Arab group near Tel Aviv, and three Jewish-owned Tel Aviv shops whose
  737.  
  738. owners refused to contribute money to Jewish terrorist groups were burned down.
  739.  
  740. 119
  741.  
  742. May 12, 1947, Jerusalem. Jewish terrorists killed two British policemen.
  743.  
  744. 120
  745.  
  746. May 12, 1947, Jerusalem. The British authorities announced that 3l2 Jewish political prisoners were held in Kenya, East Africa, 247 in
  747.  
  748. Latrun and 34 in Bethlehem, Palestine.
  749.  
  750. 121
  751.  
  752. May 15, 1947, The Stern gang killed two British lieutenants and injured seven other persons with two derailments and three bridge
  753.  
  754. demolitions.
  755.  
  756. 122
  757.  
  758. May 16, 1947, Palestine. On the fifth day of another terrorist drive, Haifa Assistant Police Superintendent, Robert Schindler, a German Jew,
  759.  
  760. was murdered by the Stern gang, and a British constable was killed on the Mt. Carmel-Haifa road near Jerusalem.
  761.  
  762. 123
  763.  
  764. May 17, 1947, Haifa. The 1,200-ton Haganah freighter “Trade Winds” was seized by the Royal Navy off the Lebanon coast and escorted into
  765.  
  766. Haifa, and over 1,000 illegal immigrants were disembarked pending transfer to Cyprus.
  767.  
  768. 124
  769.  
  770. May 19, 1947, London. The British government protested to the United States government against American fund-raising drives for Palestine
  771.  
  772. terrorist groups. The complaint referred to a “Letter to the Terrorists of Palestine” by playwright Ben Hecht, American League for a Free
  773.  
  774. Palestine co-chairman, first published in the New York ‘Post” on May 15. The ad said, “We are out to raise millions for you.”
  775.  
  776. 125
  777.  
  778. May 22, 1947, Palestine. Arabs attacked a Jewish labor camp in southern Palestine, retaliating for a Haganah raid on the Arabs near Tel
  779.  
  780. Aviv, May 20. Some 40,000 Arab and Jewish workers united the same day in a one-day strike against all establishments operated by the British
  781.  
  782. War Ministry
  783.  
  784. 126
  785.  
  786. May 23, 1947, Palestine. A British naval party boarded the immigrant ship “Mordei Haghettoath” off South Palestine and took control of its
  787.  
  788. 1,500 passengers. Two British soldiers were convicted in Jerusalem of abandoning a jeep and army mail under a terrorist attack.
  789.  
  790. 127
  791.  
  792. May 27, 1947, Germany. Jewish underground migration officials in Frankfurt-am-Main declared they hoped to transport 1,000,000 Jews from
  793.  
  794. Europe to Palestine, 30,000 of them this summer. The Costa Rican ship “Colony Trader” has been detained at Gibraltar under suspicion of its
  795.  
  796. use for smuggling illegal immigrants into Palestine. London is investigating reports that non-Jewish Poles and Slavs in DP camps are being
  797.  
  798. recruited for the Palestine army. Other investigations are being conducted into persistent reports that Soviet Russia has been supplying
  799.  
  800. technical advisors to The Jewish terrorist groups.
  801.  
  802. 128
  803.  
  804. May 28, 1947, Syria. Fawzi el-Kawukji who spent the war years in Germany after leading the 1936-39 Arab revolt in Palestine, told reporters
  805.  
  806. in Damascus that an unfavorable decision by the UN inquiry group would be the signal for war against the Jews in Palestine. “We must prove
  807.  
  808. that in case” of an Anglo-American war with Russia, “we can be more dangerous or useful to them than the Jews,” he added.
  809.  
  810. 129
  811.  
  812. May 28, 1947, Haifa. Jewish terrorists blew up a water main and a shed in the Haifa oil dock areas and made three attacks on railway lines
  813.  
  814. in the Lydda and Haifa areas.
  815.  
  816. 130
  817.  
  818. May 31, 1947, Haifa. The Haganah ship “Yehuda Halevy” arrived under British naval escort with 399 illegal Jewish immigrants, the first from
  819.  
  820. Arab territories. They were immediately transshipped to Cyprus.
  821.  
  822. 131
  823.  
  824. June 4, 1947, London. The terrorist Jewish Stern gang sent letter bombs to high British governmental officials. Eight letter bombs
  825.  
  826. containing powdered gelignite explosive were discovered in London. Recipients included Ernest Bevan, Anthony Eden, Prime Minister Attlee and
  827.  
  828. Winston Churchill.
  829.  
  830. 132
  831.  
  832. June 5, 1947, Washington. President Truman asked all persons in the US. to refrain from helping Palestine terrorists. The American Jewish
  833.  
  834. Committee and Jewish Labor Committee condemned Ben Hecht's campaign for Palestine terrorist funds.
  835.  
  836. 133
  837.  
  838. June 5, 1947, Tel Aviv. Jewish terrorist mines wrecked two trains near Tel Aviv and Haifa and the Athlit railroad station but without
  839.  
  840. casualties.
  841.  
  842. 134
  843.  
  844. June 6, 1947, London. Scotland Yard official now acknowledge that a total of 20 letter bombs have been found.
  845.  
  846. 135
  847.  
  848. June 6, 1947, New York. Secretary General of the UN, Trygve Lie has forwarded a request to all countries a request by the British that they
  849.  
  850. guard their frontiers against departure of illegal immigrants bound for Palestine.
  851.  
  852. 136
  853.  
  854. June 18, 1947, Tel Aviv. Haganah disclosed that one of its men was killed by a booby trap which foiled an Irgun plot to blow up British
  855.  
  856. Military Headquarters in Tel Aviv.
  857.  
  858. 137
  859.  
  860. June 19, 1947, Jerusalem. Major Roy Farran, held in connection with the disappearance of a 16-year-old Jew, escaped from custody in the army
  861.  
  862. barracks in Jerusalem.
  863.  
  864. 138
  865.  
  866. June 28, 1947, Palestine. The terrorist Stern gang opened fire on British soldiers waiting in line outside a Tel Aviv theater, killing three
  867.  
  868. and wounding two. Another Briton is killed and several wounded in a Haifa hotel. This action was claimed by Jewish terrorists to be in
  869.  
  870. retaliation for British brutality and the alleged slaying of a missing 16 year old Jew, Alexander Rubowitz while he was being held in an
  871.  
  872. Army barracks on May 6.
  873.  
  874. 139
  875.  
  876. June 29, 1947, New York. The UN Committee votes 9-0 to condemn the acts of terrorism as “flagrant disregard” of the UN appeal for an interim
  877.  
  878. truce as Stern terrorists wounded four more British soldiers on a beach at Herzila. Major Roy Alexander Farran surrendered voluntarily after
  879.  
  880. his escape from custody in Jerusalem on June 19. He had been arrested in connection with the Rubowitz case.
  881.  
  882. 140
  883.  
  884. June 30, 1947, Jerusalem. The Palestine government permitted oil companies to raise prices of benzene nearly 10% to pay for $1 million
  885.  
  886. damage suffered when Jewish terrorists blew up oil installations at Haifa on March 31.
  887.  
  888. 141
  889.  
  890. July 1, 1947, Jerusalem. The British Government rejected the UN Commission's move to halt the execution of three Irgun members convicted of
  891.  
  892. terrorism and also said that the UN Assembly truce resolution of May 15 had no bearing on “the normal processes of the administration of
  893.  
  894. justice” in Palestine.
  895.  
  896. 142
  897.  
  898. July 2, 1947, Haifa. Irgun members robbed a Haifa bank of $3,200 while both the Stem gang and the Irgun warned the British that their
  899.  
  900. “provocative” acts in Palestine must end before a truce can be effected. The Guatemalan and Czech members of the UN Commission visited two
  901.  
  902. Jewish convicts in Acre Prison. In Pretoria, South Africa, Prime Minister Smuts, who was a party to the Balfour Declaration, said “the
  903.  
  904. promise of a national home in Palestine never meant the whole of Palestine.” He favored partition into Arab and Jewish states.
  905.  
  906. 143
  907.  
  908. July 12, 1947, Jerusalem. Dr. Ariem Altman, president of the United Zionist Revisionists, told a party rally in Jerusalem that the
  909.  
  910. Revisionists would settle for nothing less than an unpartitioned free Jewish state in Palestine and Trans-Jordan. Irgun announced in
  911.  
  912. Jerusalem that two British sergeants kidnapped in Nathanaya are being held in Tel Aviv and have been sentenced to death by Irgun
  913.  
  914. court-martial.
  915.  
  916. 144
  917.  
  918. July 14, 1947, Nathanya. The British imposed martial law and placed the 15,000 inhabitants of Nathanya under house arrest. They made 68
  919.  
  920. arrests and sentenced 21 persons to 6 months each in the Latrun detention camp.
  921.  
  922. 145
  923.  
  924. July 17, 1947, Nathanya. The Irgun in five mine opera-lions against military traffic to and from Nathanya killed one Briton and injured 16.
  925.  
  926. 146
  927.  
  928. July 17, 1947, Nethanya. Mines killed a second Briton and injured seven.
  929.  
  930. 147
  931.  
  932. July 18, 1947, Haifa. The American-manned Haganah refugee ship “Exodus 1947” (formerly the ‘President Warfield”) was escorted into Haifa by
  933.  
  934. British naval units after a battle in which the American first mate, William Bernstein and two immigrants were killed and more than 30
  935.  
  936. injured. The blockade runner itself was badly damaged. The remainder of the 4,554 passengers, the largest group of illegal immigrants to
  937.  
  938. sail for Palestine in a single ship, were put aboard British prison ships for removal to Cyprus. The American captain, Bernard Marks, and
  939.  
  940. his crew were arrested. The ship sailed from France.
  941.  
  942. 148
  943.  
  944. July 19, 1947, Haifa. Rioting, quickly suppressed, broke out among the passengers of the “Exodus 1947” when they learned they were to be
  945.  
  946. returned to France
  947.  
  948. 149
  949.  
  950. July 19, 1947, Jerusalem. The Palestine Government charges that a Jewish “campaign of lawlessness, murder and sabotage” has cost 70 lives
  951.  
  952. and $6 million in damage since 1940.
  953.  
  954. 150
  955.  
  956. July 21, 1947, Jerusalem. Before officially admitting that 4,529 passengers of the “Exodus 1947” who had been transferred to three British
  957.  
  958. ships, were being sent not to Cyprus but back to France, the Palestine Government took the precaution of first placing Jerusalem's 90,000
  959.  
  960. Jews under nightly house arrest.
  961.  
  962. 151
  963.  
  964. July 23, 1947, Haifa. Haganah sank the British transport “Empire Lifeguard” in Haifa harbor as it was discharging 300 Jewish immigrants who
  965.  
  966. had officially been admitted to Palestine under quota. Sixty-five immigrants were killed and 40 were wounded. The British were able to
  967.  
  968. refloat the ship.
  969.  
  970. 152
  971.  
  972. July 24, 1947, Amman, Trans-Jordan. Seven members of the UN Palestine Commission flew to Amman and were informed by Jordanian Premier Samir
  973.  
  974. Pasha el Rifai that: (1) Palestine belongs to the Arabs; (2) the Arabs never accepted the Balfour Declaration; (3) the Jews are
  975.  
  976. imperialistic invaders whose immigration “must be stopped forthwith”; (5) Palestine should get unpartitioned independence under the Arab
  977.  
  978. majority; (6) the plight of European refugees does not concern Palestine; (7) the Arabs will justly resist with force any unfavorable
  979.  
  980. decision.
  981.  
  982. 153
  983.  
  984. July 26, 1947. Jewish terrorists blew up the Iraqi Petroleum Co. pipeline 12 miles east of Haifa and destroyed a Mt. Carmel radar station.
  985.  
  986. 154
  987.  
  988. July 26, 1947, Palestine. Two British soldiers were killed by a booby trap near Jerusalem, raising the week's violence toll to 12 killed and
  989.  
  990. 75 wounded.
  991.  
  992. 155
  993.  
  994. July 26, 1947, Palestine. Menachem Begin, leader of the Irgun, announced from his secret headquarters that Haganah had planned the King
  995.  
  996. David Hotel bombing in Jerusalem on July 22, 1946 in which 91 persons were killed.
  997.  
  998. 156
  999.  
  1000. July 27, 1947, Palestine. An ambush and mines cost the British seven more casualties, all wounded.
  1001.  
  1002. 157
  1003.  
  1004. July 28, 1947, Haifa. Two small Haganah ships loaded with 1,174 Jews from North Africa were intercepted by British naval units off Palestine
  1005.  
  1006. and brought into Haifa. The illegal immigrants were transshipped aboard British transports and taken to Cyprus.
  1007.  
  1008. 158
  1009.  
  1010. July 29, 1947, Palestine. The British authorities hanged three Irgunists in Acre prison despite appeals from Jewish leaders. The condemned,
  1011.  
  1012. Myer Nakar, Absalom Habib and Jacob Weiss, had fought in the Czech underground during the war. They were convicted of blowing up Acre Prison
  1013.  
  1014. on May 4 and liberating 200 Arabs and Jews.
  1015.  
  1016. 159
  1017.  
  1018. July 29, 1947, France. The 4,429 “Exodus 1947” illegal immigrants who sailed from Sate, France, July 11 for Palestine only to be shipped
  1019.  
  1020. back by the British aboard three transports, refused to debark as the vessels anchored off Port de Douc, France. Only a few who were ill
  1021.  
  1022. went ashore. The French government informed the refugees that they do not have to debark but will be welcomed if they do. The transports are
  1023.  
  1024. the “Runnymede Park,” “Ocean Vigour” and “Empire Valour”
  1025.  
  1026. 160
  1027.  
  1028. July 30, 1947, Palestine. Irgun terrorists announced that they have hanged two British sergeants, Marvyn Paice and Jifford Martin, whom they
  1029.  
  1030. had held as hostages since July 12, for “crimes against the Jewish community.” The two were seized when death sentences on the three Irgun
  1031.  
  1032. members were confirmed by the British authorities. Two more British soldiers were killed by a land mine near Hadera. British troops attacked
  1033.  
  1034. the Jewish colony of Pardes Hanna in revenge for the murders.
  1035.  
  1036. 161
  1037.  
  1038. July 31, 1947, Nathanya. The bodies of the two murdered British sergeants were found hanging from eucalyptus trees one and a half miles from
  1039.  
  1040. Nathanya about 530 AM. A booby trap blew Martin's body to bits when it was cut down. Enraged British troops stormed into Tel Aviv, wrecked
  1041.  
  1042. shops, attacked pedestrians and sprayed a bus with gunfire killing five Jews: two men, two women and a boy.
  1043.  
  1044. 162
  1045.  
  1046. August 1, 1947, Tel Aviv. Thirty-three Jews are injured in an anti-British riot at Tel Aviv during the funeral procession of five civilians
  1047.  
  1048. killed by British soldiers on July 31. In Jerusalem a Jewish terrorist attack on the British security zone in Rehavia was repulsed with one
  1049.  
  1050. attacker killed and two captured.
  1051.  
  1052. 163
  1053.  
  1054. August 2, 1947, Tel Aviv. The body of an unidentified Jew was found on a road near Tel Aviv. He was believed to have been kidnapped by men
  1055.  
  1056. in British uniforms two weeks ago. Total casualties in Palestine since mid-July: 25 persons slain, 144 wounded. The dead include 15 Britons,
  1057.  
  1058. two Jewish terrorists, eight civilians. Anti-British slogans, swastikas and dollar signs are painted onto British consulates in New York,
  1059.  
  1060. Baltimore, Philadelphia, Chicago and Los Angeles.
  1061.  
  1062. 164
  1063.  
  1064. August 3, 1947, Palestine. Haganah warned in Jerusalem that the Britons who killed five Jews in Tel Aviv On July 31 will be found and
  1065.  
  1066. punished.
  1067.  
  1068. 165
  1069.  
  1070. August 4, 1947, Paris. An Irgun leader in Paris states that his organization has sentenced high British military and civilian officials in
  1071.  
  1072. Palestine to death “in absentia” and will hang them upon capture.
  1073.  
  1074. 166
  1075.  
  1076. August 4, 1947, Palestine. British troops blew up a Jewish house in a Jerusalem suburb in which arms were found. Jewish terrorists robbed
  1077.  
  1078. Barclays' Bank in Tel Aviv of $5200 and a Haganah member was killed.
  1079.  
  1080. 167
  1081.  
  1082. August 5, 1947, Palestine. Striking at dawn, British security forces arrested 35 leading Zionists and sent them to the Latrun detention camp
  1083.  
  1084. in an attempt to wipe out the Irgun leadership. In reprisal, Irgunists blew up the Department of Labor in Jerusalem, killing three British
  1085.  
  1086. constables. Those arrested included Mayor Israel Rokach of Tel Aviv; Mayor Oved Ben Ami of Nathanya; Mayor Abraham Krinitzki of Ramat Gan,
  1087.  
  1088. Arieh Altman, president of the radical Revisionist Party; Menahem Arber, leader of the Revisionist youth organization, B'rith Trumpeldor,
  1089.  
  1090. which is outlawed; Max Kritzman, Dov Bela Gruner's attorney, and David Stern, brother of the late founder of the Stem gang.All those
  1091.  
  1092. arrested except the three mayors were Revisionists. Among many papers confiscated was correspondence from Soviet Russian agents in Italy and
  1093.  
  1094. Bulgaria and extensive plans to poison the water supply of the non-Jewish parts of Jerusalem with botulism, anthrax and other bacteria.
  1095.  
  1096. Bacteria was supplied by Soviet sources through Bulgaria.
  1097. 168
  1098.  
  1099. August 5, 1947, England. Anti-Semitic outbreaks slackened after five days of rock throwing, window-smashing and other incidents including
  1100.  
  1101. daubing Jewish businesses with swastikas and numerous assaults on British Jews. These incidents occurred in Liverpool, Manchester, Cardiff
  1102.  
  1103. (Wales), Leeds, London and Birmingham as retaliation for the murder of two British sergeants in Palestine. Thirty-eight persons were
  1104.  
  1105. arrested in Liverpool but in the main, the British police ignored the rioters and permitted them to run their course.
  1106.  
  1107. 169
  1108.  
  1109. August 8, 1947, Palestine. The Bank of Sharon in Ramat Can was robbed by Jewish terrorists of $8,000.
  1110.  
  1111. 170
  1112.  
  1113. August 14, 1947, Geneva. The UN Special Subcommittee on Palestine returned to Geneva after a seven-day tour of DP camps in Austria and
  1114.  
  1115. Germany. The tour took the group to Munich, Vienna, Berlin and Hamburg. In Berlin it heard reports August 13 from General Lucius D. Clay,
  1116.  
  1117. US. Military Governor. Clay testified that anti-Semitism is growing very sharply among the ranks of the US. military units in the US. Zones
  1118.  
  1119. of Austria and Germany because of the violent, asocial and criminal behavior of the Eastern European DPs, all of whom are Jewish. He
  1120.  
  1121. recommended that these DPs be allowed to enter Palestine before some incident with American soldiers, who have been beaten, robbed and
  1122.  
  1123. killed by Jewish DPs, leads to severe spontaneous reactions on the part of other soldiers. His views were seconded very strongly by Sir
  1124.  
  1125. Brian Robertson, Deputy British Military Governor.
  1126.  
  1127. 171
  1128.  
  1129. August 15, 1947, Palestine. A mine derailed a Cairo-Haifa troop train north of Lydda, killing the engineer, and Irgun terrorists claimed the
  1130.  
  1131. incident was part of its campaign to disrupt all the Palestine rail traffic.
  1132.  
  1133. 172
  1134.  
  1135. August 16, 1947, Palestine. Arab-Jewish clashes have brought death to l2 Arabs and l3 Jews and heavy property destruction this week in the
  1136.  
  1137. regions of Jewish Tel Aviv and Arab Jaffa. Interracial strife was renewed on August 10 when Arabs killed four Jews in a Tel Aviv cafe, in
  1138.  
  1139. reprisal for the deaths of two Arabs in a Haganah raid in Fega two months ago. Haganah responded to the Arab actions by bombing a house in
  1140.  
  1141. an Arab orange grove near Tel Aviv, killing eleven Arabs, including a woman and four children. British military curfews imposed on August 13
  1142.  
  1143. on slum districts between modern Tel Aviv and Jaffa have failed to prevent mounting casualties. British military authorities, citing
  1144.  
  1145. captured intelligence and statements from Jewish defectors from terrorist organizations, state that it now appears that the Jewish
  1146.  
  1147. terrorists are beginning to attack Arabs where ever they found them because Jews wish the Arabs to be driven out of Palestine entirely.
  1148.  
  1149. 173
  1150.  
  1151. August 18, 1947, Palestine. The shops of five Jewish merchants in Tel Aviv were destroyed by the Irgun because the owners refused to give
  1152.  
  1153. money to that organization.
  1154.  
  1155. 174
  1156.  
  1157. August 23, 1947, Jerusalem. British authorities reported that five Arabs in one family; two men, one woman and two children, were murdered
  1158.  
  1159. by Jewish terrorists as retaliation for the British arrest of two Irgun leaders on August15.
  1160.  
  1161. 175
  1162.  
  1163. September 9, 1947. Hamburg, Germany. In a bitter three-hour fight aboard the “Runnymede Park,” 350 British troops completed a two-day forced
  1164.  
  1165. debarkation of 4,300 “Exodus 1947” illegal Jewish refugees from three ships in Hamburg, Germany. First ashore yesterday were the “Ocean
  1166.  
  1167. Vigour's”1,406; a few put up token resistance and five passengers sustained minor injuries. Early today, the “Empire Rival's” 1,420
  1168.  
  1169. passengers debarked peaceably after a home made bomb was found in the ship's hold. Many of the “Runnymede Park's” 1,485 passengers fiercely
  1170.  
  1171. resisted the debarkation process and British military units had to use fire hoses and truncheons to rout resisters below decks. The Jews
  1172.  
  1173. were taken ashore screaming “Nazis” to the British. “Runnymede Park” casualties, officially, were 24 Jews and three Britons injured, with 50
  1174.  
  1175. leaders of the resistance on that ship taken to jail. German police broke up a Hamburg demonstration by 1,300 Jewish DPs from the
  1176.  
  1177. Bergen-Belsen camp, where British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin was hanged in effigy on September 7. The debarked “Exodus” passengers were
  1178.  
  1179. interned in Poppendorf camp near Luebeck for screening by nationalities and at first all of them refused to cooperate with British
  1180.  
  1181. authorities until the passengers were threatened with a diet of bread and water.
  1182.  
  1183. 176
  1184.  
  1185. September 10, 1947, Washington D.C. Secretary of State George C. Marshall disclosed that the US. had urged Britain to reconsider sending the
  1186.  
  1187. “Exodus” group to Germany, but Britain replied that there were no facilities for housing them elsewhere because the French did not want them
  1188.  
  1189. and there were a number of vacant detention camps in Germany.
  1190.  
  1191. 177
  1192.  
  1193. September 11, 1947, Paris. The French government has now announced that it would admit the “Exodus” refugees if they were not forcibly
  1194.  
  1195. deported from Germany and on the understanding that they will be admitted eventually to Palestine.
  1196.  
  1197. 178
  1198.  
  1199. September 7, 1947, Paris. French police state a Stern gang plot to attack London with home-made fire extinguisher bombs from the air was
  1200.  
  1201. thwarted through the cooperation of Reginald Gilbert of St Louis, Missouri, a student and wartime RCAF and AAF pilot He was taken into
  1202.  
  1203. custody with Rabbi Baruch Korif, of New York, cochairman of the Political Action Committee for Palestine, and Judith Rosenberger,
  1204.  
  1205. Hungarian-born Stern gang member, as the three started to enter a private plane last night at Toussus-le-Noble field near Versailles.
  1206.  
  1207. Gilbert informed French police that Korif had approached him in Paris a week ago with an offer for flying a bombing mission over London the
  1208.  
  1209. day of the“ Exodus” illegal immigrant landings in Germany. Gilbert accepted for some other pilot who would actually perform the mission. He
  1210.  
  1211. at once notified Paris police, then worked with them and Scotland Yard while pretending to go through with the Stern gang's plot. Korff was
  1212.  
  1213. charged in Paris on September 9 with illegal possession of bombs he was intending to drop on London. He began a hunger strike. Paris police
  1214.  
  1215. state that nine other conspirators were in custody.
  1216.  
  1217. 179
  1218.  
  1219. September 12, 1947, Palestine. Irgun has threatened to assassinate British representatives in the US. Zone of Germany and all British
  1220.  
  1221. delegations there are under 24-hour guard, the US. command announced in Frankfurt-on-the Main. A probe of Irgun thefts from US. army
  1222.  
  1223. ammunition depots in Germany was reported on September 7.
  1224.  
  1225. 180
  1226.  
  1227. September 20, 1947, Jerusalem. British raids September 16-19 uncovered several arms caches and terrorist hideouts in the Jerusalem area. The
  1228.  
  1229. home of David Ben-Gurion, Jewish Agency executive chairman was robbed of important papers September 18. In Paris, Rabbi Baruch Korff, leader
  1230.  
  1231. of a Stern gang plot to bomb London, ended a hunger strike in Sante prison on September 15.
  1232.  
  1233. 181
  1234.  
  1235. October 13, 1947. Jerusalem. A terrorist bomb damaged the US. consulate general in Jerusalem, injuring two employees slightly. Similar
  1236.  
  1237. bombings occurred at the Polish consulate general last night and at the Swedish consulate on September 27.In Baghdad, the Iraq foreign
  1238.  
  1239. office advised an American House Foreign Affairs Committee group not to make a projected visit there because of “high feeling” over US.
  1240.  
  1241. endorsement of partitioning of Palestine. The State Department in Washington announced it will issue no passports to American citizens who
  1242.  
  1243. want to take part in terrorism in Palestine; Americans so involved will forfeit protection normally due US. citizens abroad.
  1244.  
  1245. 182
  1246.  
  1247. October 18, 1947, Palestine. The Palestine Government states that Palestine Arab forces have been sent from the Trans-Jordan frontier to the
  1248.  
  1249. Syrian and Lebanon borders to replace a British brigade which recently left Palestine. Zionists protested having Arab troops on the border
  1250.  
  1251. of northern Palestine.
  1252.  
  1253. 183
  1254.  
  1255. November 14, 1947, Palestine. Jewish terrorists killed two British policemen in Jerusalem and two soldiers in Tel Aviv to raise the total
  1256.  
  1257. casualties in three days of violence to 10 Britons and five Jews killed and 33 Britons and five Jews wounded. The outbreaks began after
  1258.  
  1259. British troops killed three girls and two boys in a raid on a farmhouse arsenal near Raanana on November 12. The terrorists retaliated
  1260.  
  1261. yesterday by throwing hand grenades and firing a machine gun into the Ritz Cafe in Jerusalem.
  1262.  
  1263. 184
  1264.  
  1265. November 15, 1947, London. The British Foreign Office denied Jerusalem press reports that Britain planned to take over any financial surplus
  1266.  
  1267. left in Palestine's treasury to pay for the costs of evacuation and combating unauthorized Jewish immigration.
  1268.  
  1269. 185
  1270.  
  1271. November 16, 1947, Palestine. About 185 European Jews landed near Nahariya from a small schooner and escaped before the British could
  1272.  
  1273. intercept them. A larger vessel, the “Kadimah,” was seized and brought to Haifa where 794 Jews were transshipped to a British transport for
  1274.  
  1275. Cyprus.
  1276.  
  1277. 186
  1278.  
  1279. November 17, 1947, Jerusalem. The British administration disclosed that it will sell state-owned real estate along the Haifa waterfront,
  1280.  
  1281. from which it expects to make $8 million. It will also invest in England about $16 million from bonds that had been sold to Palestinians.
  1282.  
  1283. Zionists strongly protested this as they said it would denude Palestine of its assets. There was no comment from the administration to these
  1284.  
  1285. charges.
  1286.  
  1287. 187
  1288.  
  1289. November 22, 1947, Haifa. Another Arab was murdered in Haifa by the Stern gang following their execution of four Arabs near Raanana November
  1290.  
  1291. 20 in retaliation for the British shooting of five Stern gang members on November12. Arabs retaliated against this killing at Raanana by
  1292.  
  1293. wounding five Jews on a bus near Tel Aviv on November 20.
  1294.  
  1295. 188
  1296.  
  1297. November 30- December 6, 1947, Palestine. A week of disorders brought on by Arab wrath over the UN's decision to partition the Holy Land
  1298.  
  1299. ended with at least 159 killed in the Middle East, 66 in Palestine. While Jews in Palestine, Europe and the US. celebrated and began
  1300.  
  1301. planning their new state and the UN moved to implement its plan, war talk was rife throughout the Arab world. The Arab League announced on
  1302.  
  1303. December 1 that premiers and foreign ministers of seven Arab states would meet in Cairo next week to plan strategy against partition. In
  1304.  
  1305. Palestine: Jerusalem and the Jaffa Tel Aviv boundary zone were centers of week-long strife which began when seven Jews were killed
  1306.  
  1307. throughout Palestine on November 30 and the mayor of Nablus, Arab nationalist center, proclaimed jihad or a holy war. British High
  1308.  
  1309. Commissioner Sir Alan Cunningham warned the Arab Higher Command on December 1 that Britain was determined to keep order so long as it held
  1310.  
  1311. its mandate, and police stopped Arab agitators from raising crowds in Jerusalem. But Jewish celebrations there were stoned. Arabs looted and
  1312.  
  1313. burned a three-block Jewish business district in Jerusalem on December 2, the first day of a three-day Arab general strike during which 20
  1314.  
  1315. Jews and l5 Arabs were killed. When British troops failed to intervene, Haganah (unofficial Zionist militia) came into the open for the
  1316.  
  1317. first time in eight years to restrain large-scale Jewish retaliation and also guard Jewish districts. Some Haganah men were arrested for
  1318.  
  1319. possessing weapons. The day's strife caused $1 million worth of damage and resulted in a 24-hour curfew being applied to Arab Jerusalem for
  1320.  
  1321. the rest of the week. The curfew was extended to outlying roads on December 3 to stop stonings of Jewish traffic and keep rural Arabs out of
  1322.  
  1323. the capital. Max Pinn, head of the Jewish Agency's Trade and Transfer Department was killed on December 2 when Arabs stoned his auto near
  1324.  
  1325. Ramleh. On this day Jews stoned Arab buses in Jerusalem. On the Jaffa-Tel Aviv boundary, which also is under around-the-clock curfew, the
  1326.  
  1327. week's heaviest battle was a six-hour clash between Hagariah and Arabs on December 3 in which seven Jews and five Arabs were killed and 75
  1328.  
  1329. persons injured. On December 2, Haganah claimed to have mobilized 10,000 men in the intercity trouble zone, and the Arab Legion of
  1330.  
  1331. Trans-Jordan reported on this date that it had reinforced Jaffa. Seven Jews were killed in Jaffa-Tel Aviv on this date. There were lesser
  1332.  
  1333. attacks in Haifa this week. It becomes clearly evident that the partition is not going as planned and that although the Jews are pleased,
  1334.  
  1335. the Arabs are not. There appears to be no way to control the Jews or their determination to drive all of the Arabs out of Jerusalem by force
  1336.  
  1337. if necessary. The Arabs, initially living in peace with the Jewish minority, have been increasingly victimized by the Jews who, now that the
  1338.  
  1339. British are leaving, are turning their savage behavior against them. The Jews have redoubled their efforts to build a military force and arm
  1340.  
  1341. them. They claim that this force is to protect the Jewish population against attacks from the Arab countries as well as the Arab population
  1342.  
  1343. of Jerusalem but an even stronger argument can be made that the Zionists are determined to drive out the Arab population by armed force. The
  1344.  
  1345. initial Arab response to Jewish harassment over the past year has been very slow in coming but it seems to be quite inevitable and a
  1346.  
  1347. terrible civil war is foreseen. The United States Department of State announced on December 5, 1947 that they were placing an embargo on all
  1348.  
  1349. American arms shipments to the Middle East It appears that the Soviets have been sending weapons – mostly captured German pieces, to assist
  1350.  
  1351. the Zionists and accompanying these clandestine arms shipments the Soviets have also sent a very sizable contingent of instructors and
  1352.  
  1353. advisors to Palestine in months past As many of the Zionists are Russian or Polish in origin, these Communist Russians have been received
  1354.  
  1355. gladly by the Jewish extremists and quickly blend in with the local populations. Soviet interest in Middle East oil and an overriding
  1356.  
  1357. interest in obtaining warm-water ports are a prime factor in their interest in a Jewish state in Palestine. The most violent reactions in
  1358.  
  1359. the Arab world to the UN partition idea are Syrian and Egyptian. However, it is noted that the worst outbreak of anti-partition violence
  1360.  
  1361. outside Palestine occurred in Aden, a British colony at the entrance to the Red Sea. On December 5, British military reinforcements were
  1362.  
  1363. sent to Aden after four days of Arab-Jewish fighting in which 5O Jews and 25 Arabs were killed. In Syria, public demonstrations by the Arab
  1364.  
  1365. population paralyzed business in Damascus earlier this week. The Soviet cultural center and Communist headquarters in Damascus were wrecked
  1366.  
  1367. on November 30 with four persons killed. The Syrian Communist Party was officially disbanded by the government and the US. and British
  1368.  
  1369. Embassy flags were torn down. On December 1, Syria introduced military training into all boys' schools and on December 2, the Syrian
  1370.  
  1371. Parliament enacted a draft law and voted $860,000 for the relief of Palestinian Arabs. On the same day Arabs attacked the Jewish part of
  1372.  
  1373. Aleppo. In Egypt the Chamber of Deputies resolved on December 1 to help keep Palestine a totally Arab state and to support the Arab
  1374.  
  1375. population of Palestine against attacks by the Jewish minority. There were repeated anti-US. And British demonstration in Egypt's main
  1376.  
  1377. cities, and the British Institute in Zagazig was burned on December 2. All public meetings were banned in Cairo after Egyptian police fought
  1378.  
  1379. with 15,000 people on December 4.In Lebanon, Arab students smashed the windows of the US. Legation in Beirut on December 1 and Lebanese
  1380.  
  1381. Communists demonstrated against the partition of Palestine and all schools were closed to prevent student disorders. In Iraq, students in
  1382.  
  1383. Baghdad wrecked the US. Information offices on December 4. In Saudi Arabia, anti-American demonstrations by Arabs in the oil fields were
  1384.  
  1385. restrained by the government
  1386.  
  1387. 189
  1388.  
  1389. December 13, 1947, Palestine. Jewish terrorists shifted from defense to attack in the second week of conflict with the Arabs since the UN
  1390.  
  1391. voted for partition of Palestine. The death toll for the past 14 days was at least 220 in Palestine and 336 in the Middle East, including
  1392.  
  1393. 111 in Aden. Arab retaliatory raids at Jaffa and Tel Aviv had killed 30 Jews and Arabs when local businessmen on both sides arranged for a
  1394.  
  1395. truce on December 10 to effect an orange harvest On December 11, however, the Arabs renewed their assaults in the Old City of Jerusalem,
  1396.  
  1397. which was the worst day of the current strife with 41 fatalities throughout Palestine. On December 12, Haganah launched attacks on both the
  1398.  
  1399. Arabs and British with a death toll of 20 Arabs, five Jews and two British soldiers killed. On December 13, bombings by the Irgun killed at
  1400.  
  1401. least 16 Arabs and injured 67 more in Jerusalem and Jaffa and burned down a hundred Arab houses in Jaffa. In Syria, an anti-Jewish attack in
  1402.  
  1403. retaliation for the Irgun actions burned down a 2,750-year old synagogue in Aleppo and destroyed the priceless Ben-Asher Codex, a 10th
  1404.  
  1405. century Hebrew Bible of original Old Testament manuscripts.
  1406.  
  1407. 190
  1408.  
  1409. December 14, 1947, Lydda. Regular troops of the Arab Legion of the Trans-Jordan Army killed 14 Jews and wounded nine Jews, two British
  1410.  
  1411. soldiers and one Arab when they attacked a bus convoy approaching their camp near Lydda. The Arabs said the Jews attacked them first
  1412.  
  1413. 191
  1414.  
  1415. December 17, 1947, Cairo. Premiers of the seven Arab League states called on the Arabs to “prepare for the struggle.” They promised to
  1416.  
  1417. “prosecute the fight until victorious” General Nuri as-Said Pasha, president of the Iraqi Senate, accused the US. of breaking a promise of
  1418.  
  1419. neutrality.
  1420.  
  1421. 192
  1422.  
  1423. December 17, 1947, Nevatim. British troops came to the aid of police standing off a raid by 100 Arabs on the Jewish settlement of Nevatim,
  1424.  
  1425. seven miles west of Beersheba.
  1426.  
  1427. 193
  1428.  
  1429. December 18, 1947, Khisas. Haganah killed 10 Arabs, including five children in a reprisal raid on Khisas in Northern Palestine.
  1430.  
  1431. 194
  1432.  
  1433. December 19, 1947, Damascus. Reliable reports from Damascus state that Arab guerrillas are massing there in preparation to launching an
  1434.  
  1435. attack into Palestine before the first of the year.
  1436.  
  1437. 195
  1438.  
  1439. December 20, 1947, Palestine. Haganah carried out another raid on Arabs by attacking the village of Qazasa near Rehovoth. One Arab was
  1440.  
  1441. killed and two were wounded.
  1442.  
  1443. 196
  1444.  
  1445. December 21, 1947, Jerusalem. The Jewish Agency gave official approval for Haganah to make reprisal raids on Arab villages and “exterminate
  1446.  
  1447. nests of brigands.”
  1448.  
  1449. 197
  1450.  
  1451. December 25, 1941, Haifa. Emir Mohammed Zeinati, an Arab landowner, was killed in Haifa for selling land to the Jews.
  1452.  
  1453. 198
  1454.  
  1455. December 25, 1947, Tel Aviv. Stern gang terrorists machine-gunned two British soldiers in a Tel Aviv cafe.
  1456.  
  1457. 199
  1458.  
  1459. December 26, 1947, Palestine. Armed Jewish terrorists raided two diamond factories in Nazthaanya and Tel Aviv and escaped with $107,000 in
  1460.  
  1461. diamonds, cash and bonds.
  1462.  
  1463. The Stern gang distributed leaflets reporting that Israel Levin, a member, was murdered in Tel Aviv on December 24 for trying to betray a
  1464.  
  1465. Stern gang member.
  1466.  
  1467. 200
  1468.  
  1469. December 29, 1947, Palestine. Irgun members kidnapped and flogged a British major and three sergeants in retaliation for the flogging of
  1470.  
  1471. Benjamin Kimkhim who was also sentenced to 18 years in prison on December 27 for robbing a bank The major, E Brett, was seized in Nathanya
  1472.  
  1473. and the sergeants in Tel Aviv and Rishon el Siyon. Each got 18 lashes, the same number Kimkhim received.
  1474.  
  1475. 201
  1476.  
  1477. December 29, 1947, Jerusalem. An Irgun terrorist bombing at the Damascus Gate in Jerusalem killed 11 Arabs and two Britons.
  1478.  
  1479. 202
  1480.  
  1481. December 30, 1947, London. The Dollis Hill Synagogue in London was set on fire and 12 sacred scrolls were destroyed by angry British
  1482.  
  1483. citizens who scrawled on the burned edifice “You whip – we burn.”
  1484.  
  1485. 203
  1486.  
  1487. December 21-31, 1947, Palestine. Arab-Jewish conflict in the Holy Land increased the death toll to 489 from violence in Palestine in the 33
  1488.  
  1489. days since the UN decided on partition.
  1490.  
  1491. 1948
  1492.  
  1493. 204
  1494.  
  1495. January 3-10, 1948, Palestine. Extensive Jewish Agency purchases of US. war surplus high explosives with which to fight Arabs were disclosed
  1496.  
  1497. in the New York City area. While 191 tons of TNT and the more powerful M-3 were seized before shipment, 73 tons cleared New York for
  1498.  
  1499. Palestine. The TNT shipment was accidentally discovered when longshore men loading the American Export Lines freighter “Executor” in Jersey
  1500.  
  1501. City on January 3, dropped a box marked “industrial machinery” and while attempting to repair the box, found cans of TNT bearing US. Army
  1502.  
  1503. markings. The “machinery” proved to be 32 1/2 tons of TNT, which the US. Customs impounded as contraband because of the ban on American arms
  1504.  
  1505. shipments to the Middle East On January 10, the FBI was attempting to trace the source of the contraband. The Jewish Agency for Palestine
  1506.  
  1507. acknowledged on January 10 that it had purchased 199 tons of M-3 from the War Assets Administration at the Army's Seneca Ordnance Depot near
  1508.  
  1509. Romulous, New York Federal and state agents recovered 126 tons from a farmhouse and trucks near Asbury Park, New Jersey, and Barclay Heights
  1510.  
  1511. and Saugerties, New York on January 8-9 but 73 tons were believed to be en route to Palestine. The Jewish Agency called its transaction with
  1512.  
  1513. the WAA legal, admitted having set up “Foundry Associates, Inc.” in New York with a Haganah agent in charge, to buy explosives for their war
  1514.  
  1515. on the Arabs. The FBI said Leonard Weisman, president of three New York firms (Pratt Steamship Line, Material Redistribution Corporation and
  1516.  
  1517. Paragon Design and Development Co.) gave the Haganah agent office space but did nothing illegal.WAA stopped all deliveries on unfulfilled
  1518.  
  1519. orders on January 9 in the New York area. It said Foundry Associates, Inc., had sworn that it was a normal trader in explosives, thereby
  1520.  
  1521. qualifying to buy the M-3, and that the export question was a US. Department of State matter.
  1522.  
  1523. 205
  1524.  
  1525. January 4, 1948, Jaffa. A series of Jewish terrorist bombings inflicted heavy Arab casualties. 14 were killed and 100 injured when the Stern
  1526.  
  1527. gang destroyed the Arab National Committee headquarters in Jaffa.
  1528.  
  1529. 206
  1530.  
  1531. January 5, 1948, Jerusalem. 15 Arabs were killed after Haganah bombed the Semiramis Hotel.
  1532.  
  1533. 207
  1534.  
  1535. January 6, 1948, Jerusalem. The British Government denounced the Semiramis attack as “wholesale murder of innocent people” but the Jewish
  1536.  
  1537. Agency alleged that “Arab gangs” used the hotel and asked why attacks on Jews had not been equally denounced.
  1538.  
  1539. 208
  1540.  
  1541. 14 Arabs were killed by two Irgun terrorist bombs at Jerusalem's Jaffa gate.
  1542.  
  1543. 209
  1544.  
  1545. January 10, 1948, Jerusalem. The official death toll in Palestine since November 29 (when the UN voted for partition) had risen to 646.
  1546.  
  1547. 210
  1548.  
  1549. January 12, 1948, Tel Aviv. Stern gang members looted Barclays Bank in Tel Aviv of $37,000.
  1550.  
  1551. 211
  1552.  
  1553. January 13, 1948. Washington. The US. War Assets Administration received orders from Army Secretary Kenneth Royal to cancel its sale of 199
  1554.  
  1555. tons of M-3 explosive to a purchasing agent of the Jewish Agency, which got 73 tons out of the country before the rest was seized.
  1556.  
  1557. 212
  1558.  
  1559. January 14-15, 1948, New York The FBI arrested six Newark men on charges of trying to ship Haganah 60,000 pounds of TNT, which was seized in
  1560.  
  1561. Jersey City after having been bought from the Letterkenny Arsenal Ordnance Depot in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.
  1562.  
  1563. 213
  1564.  
  1565. January 16-17, 1948, Haifa. Zionists claimed they had murdered 82Arabs, mostly civilians, in a 24 hour period. In retaliation for the
  1566.  
  1567. massacres, Arabs machine-gunned 35 Haganah men who were en route to attack another Arab farming settlement.
  1568.  
  1569. 214
  1570.  
  1571. January 17, 1948, Jerusalem: The official death toll of Arabs killed by Jewish terrorists since November 29 had risen to 831.
  1572.  
  1573. 215
  1574.  
  1575. January 25, 1948, Jerusalem. Following the deaths of ten Jews and two Arabs killed in a battle outside Jerusalem, British authorities stated
  1576.  
  1577. that 721 Arabs, 408 Jews, 19 civilians and 12 British policemen (a total of 1,160) had been killed in an eight-week period that 1,171 Arabs,
  1578.  
  1579. 749 Jews, 13 civilians and 37 British officers had been wounded.
  1580.  
  1581. 216
  1582.  
  1583. January 26, 1948, Palestine. Mrs. Gold Meyerson, Jewish Agency political director in Jerusalem, and Mote Sheraton, chief of all Agency
  1584.  
  1585. political operations, told the UN Palestine Commission that Jews must arm against possible Arab threats and Sheraton demanded a UN policy
  1586.  
  1587. that would compel the US. to lift its embargo on arms destined
  1588.  
  1589. for Jewish groups in the Middle East
  1590.  
  1591. 217
  1592.  
  1593. January 28, 1948, Jerusalem. Rabbi Hillel Silver, chief of the Jewish Agency's American division, cut short a trip to Jerusalem to return to
  1594.  
  1595. the US. and campaign for American public support of armed Jewish backing for partition and eventual Zionist control of all Palestine. On
  1596.  
  1597. January 27, his agency called upon 15,000 young men and women to join Haganah by February 15. British intelligence reports indicate that
  1598.  
  1599. Haganah had grown from 3,500 to 12,000 full-time members since December 1.
  1600.  
  1601. 218
  1602.  
  1603. January 31, 1948, London. British Foreign Office officials revealed that over 1,000 Soviets, all Russian-speaking Communist military
  1604.  
  1605. technicians, had been intercepted on the immigrant ships “Pan York” and “Pan Crescent”
  1606.  
  1607. 219
  1608.  
  1609. February 1, 1948, Jerusalem. Arab groups took credit for a bombing that destroyed the “Palestine Post” building. The newspaper had an
  1610.  
  1611. extensive history of inciting the Jewish inhabitants of Jerusalem to “destroy Arabs and force them out” of Palestine.
  1612.  
  1613. 220
  1614.  
  1615. February 1, 1948, Milwaukee. WI, Moshe Shertok, Jewish Agency political director, stated that statements that Communist agents were among
  1616.  
  1617. the intercepted “Pan York” and “Pan Crescent” immigrants from Bulgaria were untrue. Shartok cited a statement from Cyprus refugee camp
  1618.  
  1619. commissioner, Sir Godfrey Collins, confirming his statement Collins subsequently denied making such a statement .Shertok further said that
  1620.  
  1621. the Jews of Palestine welcomed all Jews into their country and that Jewish Communists were equally welcome. He denied rumors of Soviet
  1622.  
  1623. clandestine assistance to various Jewish terrorist groups.
  1624.  
  1625. 221
  1626.  
  1627. February 3, 1948, Jerusalem. Stern gang terrorists killed two British policemen because the bombers of the “Post” had allegedly worn police
  1628.  
  1629. uniforms. Arabs attacked the Jerusalem Central Prison but were driven off by the guards.
  1630.  
  1631. 222
  1632.  
  1633. The British Foreign Office sent Bulgaria a note of rebuke for “deliberately conniving” in the transshipment of illegal Soviet immigrants to
  1634.  
  1635. Palestine.
  1636.  
  1637. 223
  1638.  
  1639. February 10, 1948, Jerusalem. British military units prevented Arabs from bringing dynamite and firebombs into Jerusalem's Old City in an
  1640.  
  1641. attempt to blow up its Jewish Quarter.
  1642.  
  1643. 224
  1644.  
  1645. February 10, 1948, Palestine. Jewish terrorist groups murdered ten Arabs near an RAF camp in central Palestine A further 23 Arabs were
  1646.  
  1647. murdered by Jewish groups throughout Palestine.
  1648.  
  1649. 225
  1650.  
  1651. February 11, 1948, Palestine. The British Royal Navy intercepted the ship “Beleaguered Jerusalem” off Nahariya and its 679 Jewish illegal
  1652.  
  1653. immigrants were transshipped to Cyprus.
  1654.  
  1655. 226
  1656.  
  1657. February 13, 1948, Palestine. A British Army sergeant was arrested in a probe of the death of four Jewish terrorists who were arrested at
  1658.  
  1659. their sniper post and then released in an Arab neighborhood. The Jews were immediately stoned to death by the Arabs.
  1660.  
  1661. 227
  1662.  
  1663. February 15, 1948, Galilee. Jewish terrorists raided an Arab settlement in upper Galilee, killing 30 Arabs, including 10 children, and blew
  1664.  
  1665. up bridges.
  1666.  
  1667. 228
  1668.  
  1669. February 16, 1948, New York The UN Palestine Commission reported to the Security Council that it would take a UN military force to save the
  1670.  
  1671. Palestine partition from “catastrophic” failure. The report criticized “(c)ertain elements of the Jewish community,” for “irresponsible ads
  1672.  
  1673. of violence which worsen the security situation.” The Commission quoted official British figures on Palestine casualties during November
  1674.  
  1675. 30-February 1:869 killed, including 427 Arabs, 381 Jews, 46 British and 15 of other nationalities; 1,909 wounded, including 1,035 Arabs, 725
  1676.  
  1677. Jews, 135 British and 14 others.
  1678.  
  1679. 229
  1680.  
  1681. February 20, 1948, Jerusalem. Twelve Jewish terrorists, including Moshe Svorai, second in command of the Stern gang, escaped from the
  1682.  
  1683. Central Prison in Jerusalem.
  1684.  
  1685. 230
  1686.  
  1687. February 22, 1948, Jerusalem. Two truckloads of high explosives were detonated in Ben Yehuda Street in the Jewish section of Jerusalem. The
  1688.  
  1689. blast leveled a three block Jewish business center, killing at least 60 with 20 missing and 200 injured. Jews blamed the British because
  1690.  
  1691. armored trucks with police insignia had escorted the truck bombs into the area.
  1692.  
  1693. 231
  1694.  
  1695. February 23, 1948, Palestine. Northern Palestine Arabs took credit for the BenYehuda bombing and said they had carried out the attack as
  1696.  
  1697. retaliation for a Jewish bombing that had killed seven Arabs in Ramleh.
  1698.  
  1699. 232
  1700.  
  1701. February 27, 1948, Jerusalem. Two anti-Communist Polish residents of Jerusalem were murdered by Stem gang terrorists who claimed the Poles
  1702.  
  1703. were “pro-Arab.”
  1704.  
  1705. 233
  1706.  
  1707. February 29, 1948, Rehoveth. The British Mandate Government denounced the Jewish Agency after 28 British soldiers were killed and 35
  1708.  
  1709. seriously injured when a Haifa-bound train from Cairo was blown up. Stern gang terrorists took credit for the bombing of the British train
  1710.  
  1711. as revenge for the Ben Yehuda Street bombing in Jerusalem.
  1712.  
  1713. 234
  1714.  
  1715. March 1, 1948, Jerusalem. The British Mandate government accused the Jewish Agency of circulating false charges that Britons had committed
  1716.  
  1717. the BenYehuda bombing and of tolerating Jewish terrorists “for political reasons.” It warned that “continuance of indiscriminate murder”
  1718.  
  1719. would mean “forfeiture by the Jewish community of all right … to be numbered among civilized peoples. ”Immediately after issuance of this
  1720.  
  1721. statement, the car of British Commander Lt Gen. McMillan was bombed near Jerusalem but the general was not in the car at the time.
  1722.  
  1723. 235
  1724.  
  1725. March 2, 1948, Haifa. Stern gang terrorists detonated a truckful of explosives at an Arab office building in Haifa, killing at least 14
  1726.  
  1727. Arabs.
  1728.  
  1729. 236
  1730.  
  1731. March 4, 1948, Ramallah. In retaliation for the Haifa bombing of March 2, Arabs ambushed and killed 17 Haganah youths near RamaIlah
  1732.  
  1733. 237
  1734.  
  1735. March 5, 1948, Tel Aviv. Haganah killed 15 Arabs near Tel Aviv in revenge for the March 4 ambush of their members
  1736.  
  1737. 238
  1738.  
  1739. March 5, 1948, Jerusalem. The Jewish Agency stated that large-scale Jewish arms shipments were ready in various Mediterranean ports destined
  1740.  
  1741. for the arming of Jewish partisans in Palestine to “fight and drive out” the Arab population of what the Agency stated “was eternal Jewish
  1742.  
  1743. land” that could not be occupied by either the British or the Arabs.
  1744.  
  1745. 239
  1746.  
  1747. March 11, 1948, Jerusalem. The Jewish Agency's building in Jerusalem was bombed with 13 persons killed and 84 injured. An American car,
  1748.  
  1749. believed to have been stolen from the US. consulate by an Arab chauffeur, was driven through the agency's elaborate barricades with a load
  1750.  
  1751. of explosives. The driver escaped.
  1752.  
  1753. 240
  1754.  
  1755. March 11, 1948, New York. Communist and their left wing labor unions turned out over 10,000 persons in a protest rally against US.
  1756.  
  1757. “betrayal” of partition.
  1758.  
  1759. 241
  1760.  
  1761. March 12, 1948, New York Columnist Drew Pearson said in his “Washington Merry-Go-Round” column that President Harry Truman had given
  1762.  
  1763. Democratic party leaders the following reason for holding back on enforcement of Palestine partition after having championed this in the UN
  1764.  
  1765. last year: Russia was after a US. Army-built railroad north from the Persian Gulf, plus all Arab oil regions and the Eastern Mediterranean.
  1766.  
  1767. On March, Pearson had stated in the same forum that President Truman had told a New York publisher that New York Jews were “disloyal” to the
  1768.  
  1769. United States.
  1770.  
  1771. 242
  1772.  
  1773. March 12, 1948, New York An Arab Higher Command paper was issued that charged the Jewish Agency with massing Soviet trained and equipped
  1774.  
  1775. illegal immigrants in Eastern Europe for war service in Palestine and had “set up laboratories for bacteriological warfare.”
  1776.  
  1777. 243
  1778.  
  1779. March 30, 1948, Palestine. British authorities released the latest casualty figures: In March, 566 persons, including 271 Jews 256 Arabs, 39
  1780.  
  1781. British and others were killed.
  1782.  
  1783. 244
  1784.  
  1785. March 30, 1948, New York Soviet and Jewish groups informed the UN Security Council that they defended the UN's previous decision for a
  1786.  
  1787. separate Jewish state. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister, Andrei Gromyko, told the Security Council that partition was “a just solution,” that
  1788.  
  1789. he was not convinced that it could not be carried out peacefully and that by “wrecking” it the US. would have to take the full blame for “a
  1790.  
  1791. serious blow upon the UN organization”
  1792.  
  1793. 245
  1794.  
  1795. April 1, 1948, New York The UN found that it had transversed a circle – from one special General Assembly session to another – in its
  1796.  
  1797. year-long effort to solve the Palestine problem. Britain referred the Holy Land dispute to the UN April 2, 1947, and asked for a special
  1798.  
  1799. Assembly session, Events since then:
  1800.  
  1801. April 28-May 15, 1947. Assembly met, decided on special committee inquiry into the Palestine situation.
  1802.  
  1803. August 31. Special Palestine Committee (UNSCOP) recommended partition, internationalized Jerusalem.
  1804.  
  1805. November 29. Assembly approved partition, 33-13 (10 abstentions): US. led the fight for a separate Jewish state. Intensified Arab-Jewish
  1806.  
  1807. fighting in Palestine.
  1808.  
  1809. December 11. Britain set May 15 as the date for surrender of its mandate over Palestine.
  1810.  
  1811. February 16, 1948. Assembly's Palestine Commission asked for UN army to enforce partition over Arab resistance.
  1812.  
  1813. February 24. US. sidestepped endorsing forcible partition, asked the Council to seek Arab-Jewish agreement
  1814.  
  1815. March 19. After the Big Five conciliation efforts failed, the US. abandoned its partition plan and proposed UN trusteeship over Palestine.
  1816.  
  1817. April 1. The Security Council agreed (Russia abstaining) to US. proposal for a special Assembly session to reconsider the Palestine problem
  1818.  
  1819. and passed the US. resolution urging an Arab-Jewish truce.
  1820.  
  1821. 246
  1822.  
  1823. April 4, 1948, New York A Zionist rally in New York's Madison Square Park was attended by 100,000 persons, including 40,000 Jewish war
  1824.  
  1825. veterans.
  1826.  
  1827. 247
  1828.  
  1829. April 6, 1948, Palestine. Jewish terrorists invaded the British Army's largest Palestine camp near Pardes Hannan south of Haifa in a raid
  1830.  
  1831. for firearms and murdered seven British soldiers.
  1832.  
  1833. 248
  1834.  
  1835. April 9, 1948, Washington The US. Department of State refused to lift its embargo on arms shipments to the Middle East
  1836.  
  1837. 249
  1838.  
  1839. April 9, 1948, Jerusalem. Irgun and Stern gang terrorists stormed an Arab suburb of Jerusalem, Dir Yashin, killing 250 Arabs, half of them
  1840.  
  1841. women and children.
  1842.  
  1843. 250
  1844.  
  1845. April 25, 1948, Jaffa. The Irgun launched an attack on Arab Jaffa claiming that it was a stronghold for Arabs. They also attacked Tel Aviv
  1846.  
  1847. with 2,000 men, armored cars and mortars and captured the Arab district of Mansielt. Their advance was halted when British fighter planes
  1848.  
  1849. and light artillery were used against the Irgun.
  1850.  
  1851. 251
  1852.  
  1853. April 27, 1948, Palestine. Initially condemning the Irgun for its attack on Jaffa, the Haganah reached an agreement with Irgun and the
  1854.  
  1855. latter agreed to operate under Haganah control. Both groups then attacked, Haganah seizing Jaffa's eastern and southern suburbs. The Arab
  1856.  
  1857. city was encircled by April 29, and all but 15,000 of Jaffa's Arab inhabitants had been driven from the city, although the town was
  1858.  
  1859. officially termed an Arab area. In Tel Aviv, the Stern gang robbed Barclays Bank of $1 million.
  1860.  
  1861. 252
  1862.  
  1863. April 30, 1948, Jerusalem. Haganah scored victories against the Arab residents after fruitless UN efforts to arrange a truce that would
  1864.  
  1865. protect historical shrines in the ancient Walled City. Jewish extremists threatened to dynamite the Arab Dome of the Rock Mosque unless all
  1866.  
  1867. Arabs immediately evacuated Jerusalem. The British response was that if this happened, they would blow up the Wailing Wall, the last remnant
  1868.  
  1869. of the destroyed temple. The Haganah agreed to respect both Arab and Christian monuments but insisted all Arabs and Christians must leave
  1870.  
  1871. Jerusalem. In a move they described as “defensive,” the Haganah overran the Christian Arab Katamon quarter in southwestern modern Jerusalem
  1872.  
  1873. and captured most of the Moslem Mamilla cemetery. Jewish workers seized the general post office in Jerusalem. In Katamon, Haganah captured
  1874.  
  1875. St Simon's Greek Orthodox Monastery, drove out the monks and vandalized the building. British troops stepped in to prevent further massacre
  1876.  
  1877. of the Arabs.
  1878.  
  1879. 253
  1880.  
  1881. May 2, 1948, Jerusalem. The British finally halted wide-spread strife in Jerusalem by rushing several thousand mechanized army units and
  1882.  
  1883. Royal Marine commandos back to Palestine. Their primary purpose was to protect Arab civilians who were being slaughtered by rampaging
  1884.  
  1885. Zionists.
  1886.  
  1887. 254
  1888.  
  1889. May 5-8, 1948, Palestine. The Haganah, now styling itself a “Jewish Army,” struck Upper Galilee in northeastern Palestine and claimed to
  1890.  
  1891. have crushed any Arab resistance by the end of the week. Safad, capital of Upper Galilee and normally a city of 15,000 Arabs, was reported
  1892.  
  1893. by the Jewish Agency as having been “cleansed” of Arabs by May 6. The only remaining occupants of the town were 2,000 Jews. Haganah
  1894.  
  1895. announced that all Arab property had been confiscated from the owners and would be given to Jewish settlers.
  1896.  
  1897. 255
  1898.  
  1899. May 4, 1948, Tel Aviv. The 37-man Jewish Legislative Council met in Tel Aviv and heard Premier-designate David Ben-Gurion declare that
  1900.  
  1901. 150,000 Arabs had been driven from their homes in the past five months but that the Jews “haven't lost a single settlement” The Stern gang
  1902.  
  1903. resumed “direct war” against the British for protecting the Arab population of Jerusalem. Seven British soldiers were killed near Nethanya.
  1904.  
  1905. At the same time, the Stern gang took credit for a letter bomb which killed the young brother of a British army officer in England.
  1906.  
  1907. 256
  1908.  
  1909. May 6, 1948, Jerusalem. Haganah was redesignated as the Jewish State Army and reported that 200 aircraft, later revealed by British
  1910.  
  1911. authorities as having come from Czechoslovakia, whose new communist government is almost entirely composed of Zionists and who have been
  1912.  
  1913. pouring weapons into Palestine, are slated to reinforce the new army. The army will be increased to 85,000 immediately.
  1914.  
  1915. 257
  1916.  
  1917. May 16, 1948, New York The number of states recognizing Israel increased to eight this week, and the new country applied for admission to
  1918.  
  1919. the UN. Russia immediately granted recognition on May 17, implying that it recognized Israel's government as the de jure (legal) government
  1920.  
  1921. while the United States recognized Israel only as the de facto (in fact) government
  1922.  
  1923. 258
  1924.  
  1925. May 22, 1948, Jerusalem. Thomas Wasson, US. Consul General in Jerusalem and a member of the Council's Truce Commission, was fatally wounded
  1926.  
  1927. by a Stern gang sniper near the US. Consulate. Two other Consulate members were also assaulted, one dying the next day.
  1928.  
  1929. 259
  1930.  
  1931. September 17, 1948, Jerusalem. Angered by his order to readmit 8,000 Arab refugees driven from three villages near Haifa by attacks of
  1932.  
  1933. Jewish terrorists, the Stern gang assassinated Count Folke Bernadotte, UN mediator for Palestine. Also killed in the attack was French Col.
  1934.  
  1935. Andre Serot, chief of France's 100-man contingent in the unarmed UN truce-observer team.
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