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2015-12-12 Saturday: 10 No Limits

gmalivuk Dec 12th, 2015 124 Never
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  1. Greg Malivuk
  2. greg.malivuk@gmail.com
  3. http://www.pastebin.com/u/gmalivuk
  4. “2015-12-12 Saturday: 10 No Limits”
  5. This is the same level and book as the “Core” class.
  6. ---
  7. Homework: Write an eBay ad for the thing you tried to sell in class today.
  8.         Also read p. 111 and do p. 110 parts 2, 3, 4, 5
  9. part 2 - a
  10. part 3
  11. 1 Andrew McCarthy (the author), Sam (his son), and Mohamed (his friend); in Morocco to bargain for and buy things in the souk.
  12. 2 a bottle for 200 dirham, a box for 1300 dirham
  13. 3 the box
  14. part 4
  15. 1 freshly squeezed orange juice
  16. 2 world-famous market
  17. 3 lethal-looking swords
  18. 4 soft hand-dyed fabrics
  19. 5 large camel bones
  20. 6 massive copper lamps
  21. 7 tall cobalt-blue tear-shaped old perfume bottle
  22. 8 bright yellow Moroccan men’s slippers
  23. part 5
  24. 1 Say, “Too much--bezaf,” and walk away.
  25. 2 Don’t show interest in the thing you want, instead ask about something else.
  26. 3 Wear something Moroccan.
  27. 4 Don’t always give an offer, instead make them continue to lower the price.
  28. ---
  29. Lethal-looking swords look lethal. (active)
  30. Hand-dyed fabrics were dyed by hand. (passive)
  31.  
  32. a three-legged table
  33. a blue-eyed woman
  34.  
  35. a 200-page book (NOT “pages”)
  36. a 20-year-old person (not “years”)
  37.  
  38. I teach twenty two-year-old students. (20 students, each 2 years old)
  39. I teach twenty-two-year-old students. (several students, each 22 years old)
  40. ---
  41. p. 117 - running in the desert
  42. marathon = 42.195km
  43. ultramarathon > 42.195km
  44. Marathon des Sables - 6 days, 250km
  45. Ironman Triathlon - 3.86km swimming, 180.25km cycling, 42.195km running
  46.  
  47. part 3 - answer the questions with your partners, and list other extreme sports that you know of
  48.  
  49. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TWfph3iNC-k - BASE jumping in a wingsuit
  50. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2fAvbqQWRWo - Same man in China, with some more conversation and interviews
  51. ---
  52. adrenaline junkie = a person who is “addicted” to adrenaline and danger and excitement
  53. An alcoholic is a person who is addicted to alcohol.
  54. We also have “workaholic”, “shopaholic”, “chocoholic”.
  55.  
  56. p. 118 - Defining relative clause: a clause that defines or identifies a noun in a sentence, which begins with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, that, where, when, why)
  57. (A clause is a group of words with a subject and verb.)
  58.  
  59. who/whom/whose is similar to he/him/his
  60.  
  61. Jeb Corliss is the man whom we watched in that video. (“whom” is more formal, and not very common in spoken English)
  62. Jeb Corliss is the man that we watched in that video.
  63. Jeb Corliss is the man we watched in that video.
  64. (We can remove “that” because it is not the subject of the relative clause.)
  65.  
  66. Jeb Corliss is the man who made that video.
  67. Jeb Corliss is the man that made that video.
  68. (Can’t remove “that”, because here it is the subject of the relative clause.)
  69.  
  70. (In defining clauses, we can use “that” instead of “who”, “whom”, “which”, “when”, and “why”.)
  71.  
  72. the day when I graduated
  73. the day that I graduated
  74. the day I graduated
  75.  
  76. the reason why I teach
  77. the reason that I teach
  78. the reason I teach
  79.  
  80. It’s very common to remove “that” for short, simple sentences, but you should keep it in the sentence if it could be confusing to take it out.
  81.  
  82. I didn’t remember John had already given the answer. - strange because the first time you think the sentence should end after “John”
  83. -> I didn’t remember that John had already given the answer.
  84. ---
  85. p. 119 part 7 - complete the noun phrases with the correct relative pronouns
  86. 1 who / that
  87. 2 who / that
  88. 3 which / that
  89. 4 when
  90. 5 where
  91. 6 whose / bionic limbs the movement of which mimics…
  92. ---
  93. You can replace it with anything. = You can replace it with whatever you want.
  94. You can replace it with nothing. = You can remove it and you don’t have to put something in its place.
  95.  
  96. I can do anything. = I can do whatever I want.
  97. I can do nothing. = I can’t do even one single thing.
  98.  
  99. It’s better than anything. = It’s the best thing ever.
  100. It’s better than nothing. = It’s not great, but it’s better than if I didn’t have it.
  101. ---
  102. healthy area of bone where the bionic limb is attached
  103. (“where” modifies “area”, even though that isn’t the word directly before it)
  104. ---
  105. p. 119 part 10 - With your group, define six of the medical words (using defining relative clauses, if possible).
  106. surgeon: a type of doctor who might do operations
  107. injection: application of medicine under the skin with a needle
  108. botox: something that people use to look younger (More generally it deadens or paralyzes nerves, which can help with other, more serious conditions.)
  109. operating room: a place in a hospital where doctors do operations
  110. blood test: a kind of exam that shows if someone has a disease by analyzing the blood
  111. accident: an unfortunate incident that may involve injuries, which wasn’t planned or predicted
  112. emergency: a situation when someone is in danger and needs help immediately
  113. scan: an action to see through your body
  114. ambulance: the vehicle which transports people who need immediate attention
  115. stitches: the way to close a cut with a needle and thread
  116. donor: a person who gives body parts or blood to help other people
  117. crutches: a kind of stick which helps people to walk
  118. surgery: the operation where somebody cuts inside your body to do some treatment
  119. technician: someone who works in a laboratory (or with the equipment)
  120. ward: the area of a hospital where a specific type of patient or treatment can be found
  121. x-ray: the picture where you can see your bones
  122. paramedic: the person who comes first to an accident or other emergency
  123. first aid: the first things to do to help someone in danger
  124.  
  125. hypodermic = under the skin
  126. hypo/hyper, sub/super, infra/ultra, under/over
  127. ---
  128. BREAK
  129. ---
  130. What would happen if you tried to run the MdS?
  131. I would die in less than 20 minutes, I swear.
  132. I could hurt myself.
  133. I could hurt my knees.
  134. I might be proud of myself that I did it.
  135.  
  136. If I had a million dollars, I would buy a house. (I’m sure this would be my choice.)
  137. If I had a million dollars, I could buy a house. (I would have the ability to do it.)
  138. If I had a million dollars, I might buy a house. (Maybe I would choose to do it.)
  139.  
  140. I could buy a house, but I wouldn’t. (It would be possible, but not my choice.)
  141. *I might buy a house, but I wouldn’t. (Doesn’t make sense. “Maybe I would but I definitely wouldn’t”?)
  142. ---
  143. Second Conditional = Present/Future Unreal Conditional
  144.  
  145. if + [past, simple or continuous], subject + might/could/would + base form (yes comma)
  146. subject + might/could/would + base form + if + [past, simple or continuous] (no comma in this case)
  147.  
  148. If it were raining right now, we couldn’t see the sun outside.
  149. If you were paying better attention, you wouldn’t need a second example.
  150.  
  151. If it were raining, we couldn’t see the sun. -> It’s not raining, and we can see the sun.
  152. If I had more money, I would buy a house. -> I don’t have more money, so I won’t buy a house.
  153. ---
  154. p. 121 part 10 - complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs, and then look for the answers in the article on p. 120
  155. 1 had, would be
  156. 2 would it take
  157. 3 Would it be / Might it be
  158. 4 would/could/might happen, melted
  159. 5 would/could/might the temperature change, increased
  160. 6 could we learn / might we learn
  161. ---
  162. Would you spend 6 months in space if you had the opportunity to go to Mars?
  163. What if it were fast to go to Mars, but you couldn’t come back?
  164.  
  165. http://www.mars-one.com/ - a project that hopes to send people to live on Mars by 2026
  166. (One idea is to help fund it with a reality TV show about the training and the journey.)
  167. ---
  168. If you had to live the rest of your life in a different city and you could only bring 5 things you currently own or people currently in your life, what would you bring and why? What city would you choose?
  169. (Discuss this with your partners.)
  170. ---
  171. p. 124 part 5 - pronunciation of “and”
  172. A and E - “A an’ E”
  173. cuts and bruises - “cuts am’ bruises” (before /b/, /p/, and /m/)
  174. dogs and cats - “ng” sound (before /k/ and /g/)
  175.  
  176. black and white TV, not “white and black”
  177. (“black and blue” is how we describe bruises, even when they have different colors)
  178. ---
  179. part 5b - make pairs with “and”
  180. day and night / night and day
  181. doctors and nurses
  182. eyes and ears / ears and eyes
  183. food and drink
  184. hands and knees (“on hands and knees” = kneeling or crawling)
  185. mind and body / body and mind
  186. rich and famous
  187. fruit and nuts
  188. ---
  189. Homework: email me if you want a copy of the test, and if you’re finishing email me if you want to see your last homework with corrections
  190. greg.malivuk@gmail.com
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