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JBP Present Authoring (Faults)

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Aug 18th, 2017
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  1. Present Authoring: Faults
  2.  
  3. Introduction:
  4. Welcome to the Present Authoring: Faults component of the Self-Authoring suite. This exercise has been designed to allow you to do an in-depth analysis of some of the negative aspects or faults of your personality.
  5.  
  6. The exercise may take up to three hours to complete. You may quit the exercise any time by clicking Exit/Home or shutting down your browser. If the current page is a page you have been writing on, remember to click Save before exiting. The text that you entered on previous pages will have already been saved.
  7.  
  8. You can come back to the exercise later, and resume your work. Just go to www.selfauthoring.com, click the Subscriber Login button (top right) and choose the Present Authoring: Faults exercise. When you return, all your previous work will be waiting for you, and you will be taken to the last point in the exercise you had completed
  9.  
  10.  
  11. Faults Analysis
  12.  
  13. This program has been designed to allow you to do an in-depth analysis of some of the negative aspects or faults of your personality. It is the partner program to the virtues analysis section of the present authoring program. It is our hope that constructing a clearer picture of your faults will help you understand the impact of your personality traits on your life in the past, present, and future.
  14.  
  15. It is probably best to complete this exercise if you are in a normal to good mood, so that you can tolerate the self-criticism. If you are feeling sad, lonely, or depressed, you should probably do the virtues analysis instead. This exercise will take you 60-90 minutes, depending on your choices. You will be asked first to read some information about basic personality theory and then to select 2-10 faults from each of five lists of faults (one list per basic personality trait).
  16.  
  17. Then you will be presented with the faults you have selected, and asked to choose a final list of the faults you think have most interfered with your life. You will be asked to write for about 10 minutes, later, for each fault you choose, after you have rank-ordered them in importance. We recommend that you choose 6-9 faults (for 60 to 90 minutes of work), but you can choose as many as you like. Just remember that you will be asked to write about each one. You will be asked to describe how this fault has impacted you negatively, in the past; what you might have done differently; and what you could do now and in the future to rectify or eliminate this fault.
  18.  
  19.  
  20. Completing the Exercise 1
  21.  
  22. During this exercise, you will be presented with a series of pages either providing you with information, or asking you to describe aspects of your personality and experiences.
  23.  
  24. You may proceed through the exercise by clicking the Next button.
  25.  
  26. You can go back to previous pages by clicking Previous.
  27.  
  28. Each time you click Next or Previous, the data you have entered on that page will be saved. You can also save your data while remaining on the same page by clicking Save. In addition, many of the pages where you are asked to write for longer periods of time will automatically save every minute or so.
  29.  
  30. You may quit the exercise any time by clicking Exit/Home or shutting down your browser. If the current page is a page you have been writing on, remember to click Save before exiting. The text that you entered on previous pages will have already been saved.
  31.  
  32. You can come back to the exercise later, and resume your work. All your previous work will be waiting for you, and will be taken to the last point in the exercise you had completed.
  33.  
  34.  
  35.  
  36. Completing the Exercise 2
  37.  
  38. On many pages, you will not be able to successfully click Next or Previous unless you have provided a minimum of necessary text. If you do not, you will receive an error message, and the text box in question will be highlighted in red.
  39.  
  40. Text boxes also have a maximum length. Pay attention, as you write, to the numbers above the text boxes. Numbers like [180 / 1000] indicate that you have typed 180 characters out of a maximum allowable of 1000. When you go over the maximum, the numbers above the text box become red. Clicking Next, Previous, or Save will result in an error message and you will not be able to proceed to the Next or Previous page. To resolve this, edit your text until the number of characters is less than or equal to the maximum. These limitations have been established so that you do not get stalled at any point in the process.
  41.  
  42. We do encourage you to write in some detail, however, subject to those limitations. Our research indicates that better results are obtained as the amount written by participants increases.
  43.  
  44. There is a progress bar in the top right portion of the screen, which displays the percentage of the exercise that you have already completed. If you hover over the bar with the mouse, you can see approximately how much time it will still take to complete the exercise.
  45.  
  46. You may use the Index to jump to any page you have already completed. Clicking the [Index] link will open the index. Clicking it again will close it. Remember to click Save to save any work on the current page before using the index to jump to another page.
  47.  
  48. After you have completed the exercise, you will be taken to a Summary page. You can use that page to email yourself a copy of your writing.
  49.  
  50. ===================================================
  51.  
  52. Part I: Background Knowledge
  53.  
  54. To complete the following exercise, there are a number of things that are useful to know. (you may have encountered this information previously if you have completed the virtues analysis program, but it might be worthwhile to review it):
  55.  
  56. Everybody's personality is composed of two higher-order traits. The first higher-order trait is known as plasticity, and can be thought of as the tendency to be flexible, exploratory, curious, and quick to adapt. The second higher-order trait is known as stability, and can be thought of as the tendency to be structured, organized, emotionally stable and focused.
  57.  
  58.  
  59. Plasticity - the first higher-order trait, can be further broken down into two sub-traits: Extraversion (the tendency to be enthusiastic and dominant) and Openness (the tendency to be open-minded and intelligent).
  60.  
  61. Extraversion (Outgoing vs Reserved)
  62.  
  63. - Sociable
  64. - Active
  65. - Adventurousness
  66. - Positive
  67. - Excitement-Seeking
  68. - Gregarious
  69.  
  70. Openness (Original vs Traditional)
  71.  
  72. - Fantasy-prone
  73. - Aesthetically-minded
  74. - Philosophical
  75. - Creative
  76. - Intuitive
  77. - Intellectual
  78.  
  79.  
  80. Stability - the second higher-order trait, can be further broken down into three sub-traits: Conscientiousness (the tendency to be orderly and industrious), Emotional Stability (lack of negative emotional volatility and the tendency to withdraw), and Agreeableness (politeness and compassion, as opposed to belligerence or aggression).
  81.  
  82. Conscientiousness (Conscientious vs Carefree)
  83.  
  84. - Competent
  85. - Orderly
  86. - Decisive
  87. - Achievement-oriented
  88. - Self-disciplined
  89. - Deliberate
  90. - Industrious
  91.  
  92. Emotional Stability (Calm vs Nervous)
  93.  
  94. - Anxious (reversed)
  95. - Angry (reversed
  96. - Hostile (reversed)
  97. - Depressed (reversed)
  98. - Self-Conscious (reversed)
  99. - Vulnerable (reversed)
  100.  
  101. Agreeableness (Agreeable vs Assertive/Aggressive)
  102.  
  103. - Warm
  104. - Trusting
  105. - Straightforward
  106. - Altruistic
  107. - Modest
  108. - Compliant
  109. - Tender-minded
  110. - Nice
  111.  
  112.  
  113. Impact of Personality Traits
  114.  
  115. There are advantages and disadvantages to each trait, particularly at the extremes. Extremely sociable, extraverted people can be dominant and impulsive, while introverted, quiet people can easily become isolated and depressed. Extremely open people can be scattered and overwhelmed by their own thoughts and ideas, while closed-minded people may become narrow and inflexible. Exceptionally conscientious people can be obsessive about order, judgemental and rigid, while their more carefree counterparts may be messy, undisciplined and careless. People very high in emotional stability may engage in risky, dangerous behavior, while those who are more neurotic can become so preoccupied by anxiety and pain that they are unable to function. Finally, extremely agreeable people may never stand up for themselves, while those who are too assertive can be aggressive, callous and bullying.
  116.  
  117.  
  118. Change
  119.  
  120. Personality is reasonably stable over the lifespan, and is also powerfully influenced by hereditary or genetic factors. Despite this, personality can broaden or even transform. As people age, for example, they tend to become more agreeable, conscientious and emotionally stable.
  121. Changing personality means changing habits of action, presumption and perception. Personality change requires the formulation of clear future goals, as well as discipline and practice. People who are too agreeable can learn to stand up for themselves. Disorderly people can become more conscientious. Introverted people can become socially skilled. People who experience paralyzing levels of negative emotion can learn to explore.
  122.  
  123. ===================================================
  124.  
  125. Part II: Select Traits
  126.  
  127. Extraversion/Introversion
  128.  
  129. Select Relevant Items - Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior to writing.
  130.  
  131. + Sometimes act without thinking
  132. + Sometimes talk too loudly
  133. + Can spend too much money
  134. + May exaggerate the truth
  135. + May dominate the conversation excessively
  136. + Find it difficult to spend time alone
  137. + Could be a better listener
  138. + May spend too much time pursuing fun and excitement
  139. + May attract too much attention to myself
  140. + Do not let the quieter people have a chance to talk
  141. + Try too hard to be the center of attention
  142. + Can be too theatrical or dramatic
  143. + May be too dependent on the admiration or attention of others
  144. + Can be a little grandiose
  145. + Talk about myself a lot
  146. + Often feel uncomfortable around others
  147. + Keep in the background
  148. + Have too little to say
  149. + Lose opportunities because I am too isolated
  150. + Am too quiet around strangers
  151. + Find it difficult to approach others
  152. + Don't laugh much or have fun
  153. + Bottle up my feelings
  154. + Am a very private person
  155. + Wait for others to lead the way
  156. + Feel drained by social interactions
  157. + Am not very enthusiastic
  158. + Could be more socially skilled
  159. + Have a difficult time starting conversations
  160. + Have a social circle that is too small
  161.  
  162.  
  163.  
  164. Openness/Traditionalism
  165.  
  166. Select Relevant Items - Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior to writing.
  167.  
  168. + Pursue too many activities at the same time
  169. + Am interested in so many things that I don't know what to focus on
  170. + Have a hard time planning for the future because I am interested in everything
  171. + Am sometimes attracted by ideas that are radical but have not been thought through
  172. + Sometimes see meaning in things that probably isn't there
  173. + Jump around too much from topic to topic when I am talking to people
  174. + Have a hard time making up my mind because I can always see all the sides of an argument
  175. + Am so interested in creative activities that it is hard to concentrate on things that are practical
  176. + Can become possessed by an idea
  177. + Daydream too much
  178. + Sometimes every thought I have immediately suggests an overwhelming number of ideas
  179. + Have had experiences or thoughts that were strange enough to frighten me
  180. + Have had a hard time forming a clear identity
  181. + See connections between things too easily
  182. + Have done crazy things just because I was curious about what might happen
  183. + Am good at a too-narrow range of things
  184. + Am seldom interested in abstract, philosophical ideas
  185. + Avoid sophisticated fiction and stories
  186. + Do not attend movies or plays
  187. + Am unimaginative
  188. + Do not care for change
  189. + Do not involve myself in creative activities
  190. + Do not like to read challenging material
  191. + Do not really understand or value art
  192. + Seldom seek out new experiences
  193. + Try to avoid complex people
  194. + Will not probe deeply into a subject
  195. + Am unlikely to initiate a new project
  196. + Tend to think that creative people are strange
  197. + Always do things the same way once I have learned how to do them
  198.  
  199.  
  200. Conscientiousness/Carelessness
  201.  
  202. Select Relevant Items - Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior to writing.
  203.  
  204. + Am too perfectionistic
  205. + Get obsessed with details and lose the big picture
  206. + Insist that everything be in perfect order
  207. + Dislike deviation from the rules, even when it is necessary
  208. + Have to plan everything
  209. + Seriously dislike having my routine or schedule upset
  210. + Cannot stand to be late for an appointment
  211. + Feel that I am being unproductive if I relax
  212. + Can be very judgemental
  213. + Get upset at myself when I misplace something
  214. + Will work on a project beyond what is useful and necessary
  215. + Believe that I have to be flawless
  216. + Always believe that failure is a consequence of insufficient personal effort
  217. + Cannot tolerate having to finish a task imperfectly or quickly
  218. + Can be contemptuous of other people and of myself
  219. + Do things in a half-way manner
  220. + Don't like to tidy up
  221. + Find it difficult to get down to work
  222. + Make a mess of things
  223. + Leave my belongings around
  224. + Surf the web or watch TV or waste time in other ways even if I have a project due
  225. + Am without real ambition
  226. + Neglect my duties
  227. + Frequently make excuses
  228. + Often procrastinate
  229. + Waste my time
  230. + Am sometimes willing to bend the truth to get out of an obligation
  231. + Feel unmotivated to complete my work
  232. + Have few clearly defined goals
  233. + Have no stable daily routine for sleeping or eating
  234.  
  235.  
  236. Emotional Stability/Low Stress Tolerance
  237.  
  238. Select Relevant Items - Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior to writing.
  239.  
  240. + Am sometimes not afraid of things I should be afraid of
  241. + Have found myself in dangerous situations because I was not paying attention
  242. + Might have done fewer stupid things if I felt shame more often
  243. + Things that should bother me don't seem to
  244. + Am easy-going to a fault
  245. + Sometimes think if I was more worried about things I might do better in life
  246. + Don’t appear to learn as well from my mistakes as others do
  247. + Can do careless or inappropriate things without seeming to experience guilt
  248. + Don't worry about things that should bother me
  249. + Don't pay enough attention to costs and potential future dangers
  250. + Am sometimes too calm about things
  251. + Am often too optimistic
  252. + Criticism, even when warranted, does not seem to affect me
  253. + Often take counterproductive or unnecessary risks
  254. + Do not seem to benefit from negative feedback
  255. + Am easily disturbed and upset
  256. + Am frequently irritable or angry
  257. + Am too moody and emotionally unstable
  258. + Am too self-conscious for my own good
  259. + Blow little things out of proportion
  260. + Feel ashamed of my body
  261. + Feel hurt often, even by little things
  262. + Feel inadequate when introduced to new people
  263. + Feel too fearful, afraid and anxious
  264. + Compare myself unfavorably to other people
  265. + Get stressed out easily
  266. + Grumble and complain about things
  267. + Have a hard time calming down after becoming upset
  268. + Let my fears stop me from doing things I want to do
  269. + Often feel depressed and blue
  270.  
  271.  
  272.  
  273. Agreeable/Assertive
  274.  
  275. Select Relevant Items - Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior to writing.
  276.  
  277. + Avoid conflict even when it is necessary
  278. + Find myself making excuses for other's inappropriate behavior
  279. + Cannot negotiate for myself very well
  280. + Will sacrifice my own feelings for the comfort of others
  281. + Can bottle up my feelings until I become resentful
  282. + Can be overly sentimental
  283. + Am polite to a fault
  284. + Feel sorry for people who may not deserve it
  285. + Find myself too upset after I have a conflict with someone
  286. + Would probably help me if I could be more competitive
  287. + Am sometimes dominated by other people
  288. + Don't know how to deal with mean people
  289. + Trust people too easily
  290. + Find myself believing that people are basically good, even when there is evidence to the contrary
  291. + Am loyal to a fault
  292. + Have a hot temper
  293. + Can be indifferent to the feelings of others
  294. + Am not interested in other people's problems
  295. + Am too suspicious of other people's motives
  296. + Will charm people to get my way
  297. + Can be detached and cold when others are hurt and upset
  298. + Am quite critical of others
  299. + Don't generally show gratitude
  300. + Can be vengeful
  301. + Am willing to manipulate others for personal gain
  302. + Infrequently help others
  303. + Insult people
  304. + Can be aggressive and domineering
  305. + Tend to always put myself first
  306. + Could be better at cooperating
  307.  
  308. ===================================================
  309.  
  310. Part III: Select for Analysis
  311.  
  312. HABIT SELECTION
  313.  
  314. Take a complete listing of your selected faults (from Part II) and select a set of faults that you would like to work on improving. Click the faults that you think are most typical of you, or are most important to you. We recommend selecting 6 to 9 items, but you may select a greater or lesser number. Remember, however, that you will be asked to write for about 10 minutes for each fault you select. When you have selected the most typical or important faults, click Next. After you have finished this section, you will be asked to write about how this fault affected you negatively in the past, what you could have done differently, and how you could address this in the future.
  315.  
  316. ===================================================
  317.  
  318. Part IV: Rank Selection
  319.  
  320. Prioritize Your Selection
  321.  
  322. Take the list of your most typical or important faults (from Part III), and rank order them from most to least relevant or important:
  323.  
  324. ===================================================
  325.  
  326. Part V: Analysis of Traits
  327.  
  328. In the order that you determined in Part IV, please do the following for each of your most typical or important faults:
  329.  
  330. (a) Describe an Experience - Please write a short story (approximately 1,000 characters) about a time in your life when this fault created a situation that had a negative impact on your life.
  331.  
  332. (b) Alternative Outcome - Write a short paragraph about what you might have done differently in that situation, to minimize the effect of this fault.
  333.  
  334. (c) Guidelines for general improvement - Now that you've thought about how you might have behaved differently in that particular situation, please think about this fault in more general terms. How could you work on improving this fault in general, so that such situations do not repeat themselves?
  335.  
  336. ===================================================
  337.  
  338. Conclusion
  339.  
  340. You have now completed the habits identification section of the self-authoring suite. Everything that you have written is available in the report. You may find it helpful to review the faults you have identified, as well as the ways that you plan on improving them.
  341.  
  342. You may also want to consider completing the virtues analysis (the remainder of the present authoring section), the past authoring or autobiography exercise, or the future authoring exercise, which will help you understand what you want in the future (and how you might get it).
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