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  1. Chapter 09
  2. Foreign Currency Transactions and Hedging Foreign Exchange Risk
  3.  
  4. 1. Pigskin Co., a U.S. corporation, sold inventory on credit to a British company on April 8, 2008. Pigskin received payment of 35,000 British pounds on May 8, 2008. The exchange rate was $1 = 0.65 on April 8 and $1 = 0.70 on May 8. What amount of foreign exchange gain or loss should be recognized? (round to the nearest dollar)
  5. D. $3,846 loss
  6.  
  7. Norton Co., a U.S. corporation, sold inventory on December 1, 2008, with payment of 10,000 British pounds to be received in sixty days. The pertinent exchange rates were as follows:
  8. Dec 1 Spot rate $1.7241 – Dec 31 Spot rate $1.8182 – Jan 30 Spot Rate 1.6666
  9. 2. For what amount should Sales be credited on December 1?
  10. D. $17,241
  11.  
  12. 3. What amount of foreign exchange gain or loss should be recorded on December 31?
  13. E. $941 gain
  14.  
  15. 4. What amount of foreign exchange gain or loss should be recorded on January 30?
  16. B. $1,516 loss
  17.  
  18. Brisco Bricks purchases raw material from its foreign supplier, Bolivian Clay, on May 8. Payment of 2,000,000 foreign currency units (FC) is due in 30 days. May 31 is Brisco's fiscal year-end. The pertinent exchange rates were as follows:
  19. May 8 Spot Rate $1.25 – May 31 Spot rate $1.26 – Jun 7 Spot Rate $1.20
  20.  
  21. 5. For what amount should Brisco's Accounts Payable be credited on May 8?
  22. A. $2,500,000
  23.  
  24. 6. How much Foreign Exchange Gain or Loss should Brisco record on May 31?
  25. C. $20,000 loss
  26.  
  27. 7. How much U.S. $ will it cost Brisco to finally pay the payable on June 7?
  28. E. $2,400,000
  29.  
  30. 8. On June 1, CamCo received a contract to sell inventory for 500,000. The sale would take place in 90 days. CamCo immediately signed a 90-day forward contract to sell the yen as soon as they are received. The spot rate on June 1 was $1 = 240 and the 90-day forward rate was $1 = 234. At what amount would CamCo record the Forward Contract on June 1?
  31. B. $0
  32.  
  33. 9. Belsen purchased inventory on December 1, 2008. Payment of 200,000 stickles was to be made in sixty days. Also on December 1, Belsen signed a contract to purchase §200,000 in sixty days. The spot rate was $1 = §2.80 and the 60-day forward rate was $1 = §2.60. On December 31, the spot rate was $1 = §2.90 and the 30-day forward rate was $1 = §2.62. Assume an annual interest rate of 12% and a fair value hedge. The present value for one month at 12% is .9901.
  34. In the journal entry to record the establishment of a forward exchange contract, at what amount should the Forward Contract account be recorded on December 1?
  35. E. $0, since there is no cost, there is no value for the contract at this date
  36.  
  37. 10. Meisner Co. ordered parts costing §100,000 for a foreign supplier on May 12 when the spot rate was $.24 per stickle. A one-month forward contract was signed on that date to purchase §100,000 at a forward rate of $.25 per stickle. On June 12, when the parts were received and payment was made, the spot rate was $.28 per stickle. At what amount should inventory be reported?
  38. B. $28,000
  39.  
  40. Car Corp. (a U.S.-based company) sold parts to a Korean customer on December 16, 2008, with payment of 10 million Korean won to be received on January 15, 2009. The following exchange rates applied:
  41.  Date              Spot Forward
  42. December 16, 2008       $.00090 $.00098
  43. December 31, 2008       $.00092 $.00093
  44. January 15, 2009        $.00095 $.00095
  45.  
  46. 11. Assuming a forward contract was not entered into, what would be the net impact on Car Corp.'s 2008 income statement related to this transaction?
  47. C. $200 gain
  48.  
  49. 12. Assuming a forward contract was entered into, what would be the net impact on Car Corp.'s 2008 income statement related to this transaction? Assume an annual interest rate of 12% and a fair value hedge. The present value for one month at 12% is .9901.
  50. E. $295.05 loss
  51.  
  52.  13. Assuming a forward contract was entered into on December 16, what would be the net impact on Car Corp.'s 2009 income statement related to this transaction?
  53. A. $500 gain
  54.  
  55. 14. Mills Inc. had a receivable from a foreign customer that is due in the local currency of the customer (stickles). On December 31, 2008, this receivable for §200,000 was correctly included in Mills' balance sheet at $132,000. When the receivable was collected on February 15, 2009, the U.S. dollar equivalent was $144,000. In Mills' 2009 consolidated income statement, how much should have been reported as a foreign exchange gain?
  56. E. $12,000
  57.  
  58. 15. A spot rate may be defined as
  59. A. The price a foreign currency can be purchased or sold today
  60.  
  61. 16. The forward rate may be defined as
  62. B. The price today at which a foreign currency can be purchased or sold in the future
  63.  
  64. 17. Which statement is true regarding a foreign currency option?
  65. D. A foreign currency option gives the holder the right but not the obligation to buy or sell foreign currency in the future
  66.  
  67.  18. A U.S. company sells merchandise to a foreign company denominated in U.S. dollars. Which of the following statements is true?
  68. C. No foreign exchange gain or loss will result
  69.  
  70. 19. A U.S. company sells merchandise to a foreign company denominated in the foreign currency. Which of the following statements is true?
  71. A. If the foreign currency appreciates, a foreign exchange gain will result
  72.  
  73. 20. A U.S. company buys merchandise from a foreign company denominated in U.S. dollars. Which of the following statements is true?
  74. C. No foreign exchange gain or loss will result
  75.  
  76. 21. A U.S. company buys merchandise from a foreign company denominated in the foreign currency. Which of the following statements is true?
  77. D. If the foreign currency appreciates, a foreign exchange loss will result
  78.  
  79. 22. SFAS 133 provides guidance for hedges of all the following sources of foreign exchange risk except
  80. E. Deferred foreign currency gains and losses
  81.  
  82. 23. All of the following data may be needed to determine the fair value of a forward contract at any point in time except
  83. C. The future spot rate
  84.  
  85. 24. A forward contract may be used for which of the following?
  86. 1) A fair value hedge of an asset.
  87. 2) A cash flow hedge of an asset.
  88. 3) A fair value hedge of a liability.
  89. 4) A cash flow hedge of a liability.
  90. E. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  91.  
  92. 25. A company has a discount on a forward contract for an asset. How is the discount recognized over the life of the contract?
  93. C. It is charged to accumulated other comprehensive income
  94.  
  95. 26. A speculative derivative would be similar to which type of hedge?
  96. B. An option designated as a fair value hedge
  97.  
  98. 27. Which of the following statements is true concerning hedge accounting?
  99. D. Hedges of foreign currency firm commitments are used for future sales or purchases
  100.  
  101. 28. All of the following hedges are used for future purchase/sale transactions except
  102. E. Forward contracts used to hedge a foreign currency denominated liability
  103.  
  104. On December 1, 2007, Keenan Company, a U.S. firm, sold merchandise to Velez Company of Spain for 150,000 euro. Payment is due on February 1, 2008. Keenan entered into a forward exchange contract on December 1, 2007, to deliver 150,000 euro on February 1, 2008 for $.97. Keenan chose to use a foreign currency option to hedge this foreign currency asset designated as a cash flow hedge. Relevant exchange rates follow:
  105.  
  106. Date            Spot    Forward
  107. December 17, 2007       $.97    $.05
  108. December 31, 2007       $.95    $.04
  109. February 1, 2008        $.94    $.03
  110.  
  111. 29. Compute the value of the foreign currency option at December 1, 2007.
  112. D. $7,500
  113.  
  114. 30. Compute the value of the foreign currency option at December 31, 2007.
  115. A. $6,000
  116.  
  117. 31. Compute the value of the foreign currency option at February 1, 2008.
  118. B. $4,500
  119.  
  120. 32. Compute the U.S. dollars received on February 1, 2008.
  121. C. $145,500
  122.  
  123. 33. Which of the following approaches is used in the United States in accounting for foreign currency transactions?
  124. B. Two-transaction perspective; accrue foreign exchange gains and losses
  125.  
  126. 34. When a U.S. company purchases parts from a foreign company, which of the following will result in no foreign exchange gain or loss?
  127. A. The transaction is denominated in U.S. dollars
  128.  
  129. 35. Alpha, Inc., a U.S. company, had a receivable from a customer that was denominated in pesos. On December 31, 2008, this receivable for 75,000 pesos was correctly included in Alpha's balance sheet at $8,000. The receivable was collected on March 2, 2009, when the U.S. equivalent was $6,900. How much foreign exchange gain or loss will Alpha record on the income statement for the year ended December 31, 2009?
  130. A. $1,100 loss
  131.  
  132.  On April 1, 2007, Shannon Company, a U.S. company, borrowed 100,000 euros from a foreign lender by signing an interest-bearing note due April 1, 2008. The dollar value of the loan was as follows:
  133.   Date          Amount
  134. April 1, 2007   $  97,000
  135. Dec 31, 2007    $103,000
  136. April 1, 2008   $105,000
  137.  
  138. 36. How much foreign exchange gain or loss should be included in Shannon's 2007 income statement?
  139. D. $6,000 loss
  140.  
  141. 37. How much foreign exchange gain or loss should be included in Shannon's 2008 income statement?
  142. D. $2,000 loss
  143.  
  144. 38. Angela, Inc., a U.S. company, had a euro receivable from exports to Spain and a British pound payable resulting from imports from England. Angela recorded foreign exchange gain related to both its euro receivable and pound payable. Did the foreign currencies increase or decrease in dollar value from the date of the transaction to the settlement date?
  145. B. B above Euro Increase = Pound Decrease
  146.  
  147. 39. Frankfurter Company, a U.S. company, had a ruble receivable from exports to Russia and a euro payable resulting from imports from Italy. Frankfurter recorded foreign exchange loss related to both its ruble receivable and euro payable. Did the foreign currencies increase or decrease in dollar value from the date of the transaction to the settlement date?
  148. C. C above Ruble Decrease = Euro Increase
  149.  
  150.  Parker Corp., a U.S. company, had the following foreign currency transactions during 2009:
  151. (1.) Purchased merchandise from a foreign supplier on July 5, 2009 for the U.S. dollar equivalent of $80,000 and paid the invoice on August 3, 2009 at the U.S. dollar equivalent of $82,000.
  152. (2.) On October 1, 2009 borrowed the U.S. dollar equivalent of $872,000 evidenced by a non-interest-bearing note payable in euros on October 1, 2009. The U.S. dollar equivalent of the note amount was $860,000 on December 31, 2009 and $881,000 on October 1, 2010.
  153.  40. What amount should be included as a foreign exchange gain or loss from the two transactions for 2009?
  154. C. $10,000 gain
  155.  
  156.  41. What amount should be included as a foreign exchange gain or loss from the two transactions for 2010?
  157. D. $21,000 loss
  158.  
  159.  Winston Corp., a U.S. company, had the following foreign currency transactions during 2008:
  160. (1.) Purchased merchandise from a foreign supplier on July 16, 2008 for the U.S. dollar equivalent of $47,000 and paid the invoice on August 3, 2008 at the U.S. dollar equivalent of $54,000.
  161. (2.) On October 15, 2008 borrowed the U.S. dollar equivalent of $315,000 evidenced by a non-interest-bearing note payable in euros on October 15, 2008. The U.S. dollar equivalent of the note amount was $295,000 on December 31, 2008 and $299,000 on October 15, 2009.
  162.  42. What amount should be included as a foreign exchange gain or loss from the two transactions for 2008?
  163. D. $13,000 gain
  164.  
  165. 43. What amount should be included as a foreign exchange gain or loss from the two transactions for 2009?
  166. E. $4,000 loss
  167.  
  168. 44. Williams, Inc., a U.S. company, has a Japanese yen account receivable resulting from an export sale on March 1 to a customer in Japan. The exporter signed a forward contract on March 1 to sell yen and designated it as a cash flow hedge of a recognized receivable. The spot rate was $.0094 and the forward rate was $.0095. Which of the following did the U.S. exporter report in net income?
  169. B. Premium revenue
  170.  
  171.  45. Larson Company, a U.S. company, has an India rupee account receivable resulting from an export sale on September 7 to a customer in India. Larson signed a forward contract on September 7 to sell rupees and designated it as a cash flow hedge of a recognized receivable. The spot rate was $.023 and the forward rate was $.021. Which of the following did the U.S. exporter report in net income?
  172. B. Premium revenue
  173.  
  174.  46. Primo Inc., a U.S. company, ordered parts costing 100,000 rupee from a foreign supplier on July 7 when the spot rate was $.025 per rupee. A one-month forward contract was signed on that date to purchase 100,000 rupee at a rate of $.027. The forward contract is properly designated as a fair value hedge of the 100,000 rupee firm commitment. On August 7, when the parts are received, the spot rate is $.028. At what amount should the parts inventory be carried on Primo's books?
  175. E. $2,800
  176.  
  177. 47. Lawrence Company, a U.S. company, ordered parts costing 1,000,000 Thailand bahts from a foreign supplier on July 7 when the spot rate was $.025 per baht. A one-month forward contract was signed on that date to purchase 1,000,000 bahts at a rate of $.027. The forward contract is properly designated as a fair value hedge of the 1,000,000 baht firm commitment. On August 7, when the parts are received, the spot rate is $.028. What is the amount of accounts payable that will be paid at this date?
  178. E. $28,000
  179.  
  180. 48. On December 1, 2009, Joseph Company, a U.S. company, entered into a three-month forward contract to purchase 50,000 pesos on March 1, 2010. The following U.S. dollar per peso exchange rates apply:
  181.  Date           Spot             Forward (mar 01, 2010)
  182. December 1, 2009        $.092           $.105
  183. December 31, 2009       $.090           $.095
  184. March 1, 2010   $.089           N/A
  185.  
  186. Joseph's incremental borrowing rate is 12 percent. The present value factor for two months at an annual interest rate of 12 percent is .9803.
  187. Which of the following is included in Joseph's December 31, 2009 balance sheet for the forward contract?
  188. E. $490.15 liability
  189.  
  190. 49. On April 1, Quality Corporation, a U.S. company, expects to order merchandise from a German supplier in three months, denominating the transaction in euros. On April 1, the spot rate is $1.19 per euro and Quality enters into a three-month forward contract to purchase 400,000 euros at a rate of $1.20. At the end of three months, the spot rate is $1.21 per euro and Quality orders and receives the merchandise, paying 400,000 euros. What are the effects on net income from these transactions?
  191. C. $4,000 Premium Expense plus a $4,000 negative Adjustment to Net Income when the merchandise is received
  192.  
  193. 50. On August 31, Ram Corporation, a U.S. company, expects to order merchandise from a German supplier in three months, denominating the transaction in euros. On August 31, the spot rate is $1.19 per euro and Quality enters into a three-month forward contract to purchase 600,000 euros at a rate of $1.20. At the end of three months, the spot rate is $1.21 per euro and Ram orders and receives the merchandise, paying 600,000 euros. What are the effects on net income from these transactions?
  194. C. $6,000 Premium Expense plus a $6,000 negative Adjustment to Net Income when the merchandise is sold
  195.  
  196. 51. Woolsey Corporation, a U.S. company, expects to order goods from a British supplier at a price of 250,000 pounds, with delivery and payment to be made on October 24. On July 24, Woolsey purchased a three-month call option for 250,000 British pounds and designated this option as a cash flow hedge of a forecasted foreign currency transaction. The following exchange rates apply:
  197.  
  198. Option strike price     $2.17
  199. Option cost     $4,000
  200. July 24 spot rate       $2.17
  201. October 24 spot rate    $2.13
  202.  
  203. What amount will Woolsey include as an option expense in net income during the period July 24 to October 24?
  204. A. $4,000
  205.  
  206. 52. Atherton, Inc., a U.S. company, expects to order goods from a foreign supplier at a price of 100,000 lira, with delivery and payment to be made on April 17. On January 17, Atherton purchased a three-month call option on 100,000 lira and designated this option as a cash flow hedge of a forecasted foreign currency transaction. The following exchange rates apply:
  207. Option strike price     $4.34
  208. Option cost     $5,000
  209. July 24 spot rate       $4.34
  210. October 24 spot rate    $4.26
  211.  
  212. What amount will Atherton include as an option expense in net income during the period January 17 to April 17?
  213. D. $5,000
  214.  
  215. On May 1, 2007, Mosby Company received an order to sell a machine to a customer in Canada at a price of 2,000,000 Mexican pesos. The machine was shipped and payment was received on March 1, 2008. On May 1, 2007, Mosby purchased a put option giving it the right to sell 2,000,000 pesos on March 1, 2008 at a price of $190,000. Mosby properly designates the option as a fair value hedge of the peso firm commitment. The option cost $3,000 and had a fair value of $3,200 on December 31, 2007. The following spot exchange rates apply:
  216. Date            Spot rate
  217. May 1, 2007     $0.095
  218. Dec 31, 2007    $0.094
  219. March 1, 2008   $0.089
  220.  
  221. Mosby's incremental borrowing rate is 12 percent and the present value factor for two months at a 12 percent annual rate is .9803.
  222.  
  223. 53. What was the net impact on Mosby's 2007 income as a result of this fair value hedge of a firm commitment?
  224. A. $1,760.60 decrease
  225.  
  226. 54. What was the net impact on Mosby's 2008 income as a result of this fair value hedge of a firm commitment?
  227. D. $188,760.60 increase
  228.  
  229. 55. What was the net increase or decrease in cash flow from having purchased the foreign currency option to hedge this exposure to foreign exchange risk?
  230. C. $9,000 increase
  231.  
  232.  On March 1, 2007, Mattie Company received an order to sell a machine to a customer in England at a price of 200,000 British pounds. The machine was shipped and payment was received on March 1, 2008. On March 1, 2007, Mattie purchased a put option giving it the right to sell 200,000 British pounds on March 1, 2008 at a price of $380,000. Mattie properly designates the option as a fair hedge of the pound firm commitment. The option cost $2,000 and had a fair value of $2,200 on December 31, 2007. The following spot exchange rates apply:
  233. Date            Spot rate
  234. March 1, 2007   $1.90
  235. Dec 31, 2007    $01.89
  236. March 1, 2008   $1.84
  237.  
  238.  Mattie's incremental borrowing rate is 12 percent and the present value factor for two months at a 12 percent annual rate is .9803.
  239. 56. What was the net impact on Mattie's 2007 income as a result of this fair value hedge of a firm commitment?
  240. B. $1,760.60 decrease
  241.  
  242. 57. What was the net impact on Mattie's 2008 income as a result of this fair value hedge of a firm commitment?
  243. E. $379,760.60 increase
  244.  
  245.  
  246. 58. What was the net increase or decrease in cash flow from having purchased the foreign currency option to hedge this exposure to foreign exchange risk?
  247. B. $10,000 increase
  248.  
  249.  On October 1, 2007, Eagle Company forecasts the purchase of inventory from a British supplier on February 1, 2008, at a price of 100,000 British pounds. On October 1, 2007, Eagle pays $1,800 for a three-month call option on 100,000 pounds with a strike price of $2.00 per pound. The option is considered to be a cash flow hedge of a forecasted foreign currency transaction. On December 31, 2007, the option has a fair value of $1,600. The following spot exchange rates apply:
  250. Date            Spot rate
  251. October  1, 2007        $2.00
  252. Dec 31, 2007    $1.97
  253. February 1, 2008        $2.01
  254.  
  255. 59. What journal entry should Eagle prepare on October 1, 2007?
  256.  E. E above
  257.  
  258. Foreign Currency Option $1,800
  259. Cash               $1,800
  260.  
  261.  
  262. 60. What journal entry should Eagle prepare on December 31, 2007?
  263.  D. D above
  264.  
  265. Option expense $200
  266. Foreigh Curency Option $200
  267.  
  268. 61. What is the amount of option expense for 2008 from these transactions?
  269. B. $1,600
  270.  
  271.  62. What is the amount of Adjustment to Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income for 2008 from these transactions?
  272. A. $1,000
  273.  
  274. 63. What is the amount of Cost of Goods Sold for 2008 as a result of these transactions?
  275. C. $201,000
  276.  
  277. 64. What is the 2008 effect on net income as a result of these transactions?
  278. B. $201,600
  279.  
  280. Chapter 10
  281. Translation of Foreign Currency Financial Statements
  282.  
  283. 1. In accounting, the term translation refers to
  284. E. A procedure to prepare a foreign subsidiary's financial statements for consolidation
  285.  
  286. 2. What is a company's functional currency?
  287. A. The currency of the primary economic environment in which it operates
  288.  
  289. 3. According to SFAS 52, which method is usually required for translating a foreign subsidiary's financial statements into the parent's reporting currency?
  290. B. The current rate method
  291.  
  292.  4. In translating a foreign subsidiary's financial statements, which exchange rate does the current method require for the subsidiary's assets and liabilities?
  293. D. The exchange rate in effect as of the balance sheet date
  294.  
  295.  5. The translation adjustment from translating a foreign subsidiary's financial statements should be shown as
  296. C. A component of stockholders' equity on the consolidated balance sheet
  297.  
  298.  Westmore, Ltd. is a British subsidiary of a U.S. company. Westmore's functional currency is the pound sterling. The following exchange rates were in effect during 2008:
  299.  6. Westmore reported sales of 1,500,000 during 2008. What amount (rounded) would have been included for this subsidiary in calculating consolidated sales?
  300. A. $2,380,952
  301.  
  302. 7. On December 31, Westmore had accounts receivable of 280,000. What amount (rounded) would have been included for this subsidiary in calculating consolidated accounts receivable?
  303. B. $451,613
  304.  
  305. 8. Gunther Co. established a subsidiary in Mexico on January 1, 2008. The subsidiary engaged in the following transactions during 2008:
  306. 1-Jan   Sold common stock to gunter for 5,000 pesos. Purchased inventory
  307.         throughout the year, 8,000,000 pesos (1/4 remainded at year end)
  308.         Sales troughout the year totaled 12,000,000 pesos.
  309. 31-Dec  Purchased equipment for 1,000,000 pesos.
  310.                
  311. Gunther concluded that the subsidiary's functional currency was the dollar.
  312. Exchange rates for 2008 were:
  313.                
  314. 1-Jan           1 peso = $0.20
  315. 31-Jan          1 peso = $0.19
  316. 31-Dec          1 peso = $0.16
  317. w.a. for yr             1 peso = $0.18
  318.  
  319. What amount of foreign exchange gain or loss would have been recognized on Gunther's consolidated income statement for 2008?
  320. E. $250,000 loss
  321.  
  322. Darron Co. was formed on January 1, 2009 as a wholly owned foreign subsidiary of a U.S. corporation. Darron's functional currency was the stickle (§). The following transactions and events occurred during 2007:
  323.  
  324. 9. What exchange rate should have been used in translating Darron's revenues and expenses for 2009?
  325. B. $1 = §.44
  326.  
  327. 10. What was the amount of the translation adjustment for 2009?
  328. B. $302,137 increase in relative value of net assets
  329.  
  330. 11. Which of the following translation methods was originally mandated by SFAS No. 8?
  331. D. Temporal Method
  332.  
  333. 12. Which accounts are re-measured using current exchange rates?
  334. D. All current assets and liabilities
  335.  
  336. 13. For a foreign subsidiary that uses the U.S. dollar as its functional currency, what translation method is required?
  337. D. Temporal Method
  338.  
  339.  Dilty Corp. owned a subsidiary in France. Dilty concluded that the subsidiary's functional currency was the U.S. dollar.
  340.  14. Which one of the following statements would justify this conclusion?
  341. A. Most of the subsidiary's sales and purchases were with companies in the U.S.
  342.  
  343. 15. What must Dilty do to ready the subsidiary's financial statements for consolidation?
  344. E. Re-measure them
  345.  
  346. Certain balance sheet accounts of a foreign subsidiary of the Tulip Co. had been stated in U.S. dollars as follows:
  347.  16. If a foreign currency is the functional currency of this subsidiary, what total should have been included in Tulip's balance sheet for the preceding items?
  348. C. $602,000
  349.  
  350. 17. If the U.S. dollar is the functional currency of this subsidiary, what total should have been included in Tulip's balance sheet for the items above?
  351. E. $616,000
  352.  
  353.  A subsidiary of Porter Inc., a U.S. company, was located in a foreign country. The functional currency of this subsidiary was the stickle (§). The subsidiary acquired inventory on credit on November 1, 2008, for §120,000 that was sold on January 17, 2009 for §156,000. The subsidiary paid for the inventory on January 31, 2009. Currency exchange rates between the dollar and the stickle were as follows:
  354. 18. What figure would have been reported for this inventory on Porter's consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2008?
  355. A. $24,000
  356.  
  357. 19. What figure would have been reported for cost of goods sold on Porter's consolidated income statement at December 31, 2009?
  358. E. $28,800
  359.  
  360. 20. A U.S. company's foreign subsidiary had the following amounts in stickles (§) in 2009:
  361. The average exchange rate during 2009 was §1 = $.96. The beginning inventory was acquired when the exchange rate was §1 = $1.20. The ending inventory was acquired when the exchange rate was §1 = $.90. The exchange rate at December 31, 2009 was §1 = $.84. Assuming that the foreign country had a highly inflationary economy, at what amount should the foreign subsidiary's cost of goods sold have been reflected in the 2009 U.S. dollar income statement?
  362. D. $11,613,600
  363.  
  364. 21. A historical exchange rate for a foreign subsidiary is best described as
  365. A. The rate at date of acquisition for a purchase transaction
  366.  
  367. 22. A net asset balance sheet exposure exists and the foreign currency appreciates. Which of the following statements is true?
  368. E. There is a positive translation adjustment
  369.  
  370. 23. A net asset balance sheet exposure exists and the foreign currency depreciates. Which of the following statements is true?
  371. D. There is a negative translation adjustment
  372.  
  373. 24. A net liability balance sheet exposure exists and the foreign currency appreciates. Which of the following statements is true?
  374. D. There is a negative translation adjustment
  375.  
  376. 25. A net liability balance sheet exposure exists and the foreign currency depreciates. Which of the following statements is true?
  377. E. There is a positive translation adjustment
  378.  
  379. 26. Which method of translating a foreign subsidiary's financial statements is correct?
  380. C. Current rate method
  381.  
  382.  27. Which method of re-measuring a foreign subsidiary's financial statements is correct?
  383. E. Temporal method
  384.  
  385. 28. Under the temporal method, inventory at market would be restated at what rate?
  386. C. Current rate
  387.  
  388. 29. Under the current rate method, inventory at market would be restated at what rate?
  389. C. Current rate
  390.  
  391. 30. Under the temporal method, common stock would be restated at what rate?
  392. D. Historical rate
  393.  
  394. 31. Under the current rate method, common stock would be restated at what rate?
  395. D. Historical rate
  396.  
  397. 32. Under the current rate method, property, plant & equipment would be restated at what rate?
  398. C. Current rate
  399.  
  400. 33. Under the temporal method, property, plant & equipment would be restated at what rate?
  401. D. Historical rate
  402.  
  403. 34. Under the current rate method, retained earnings would be restated at what rate?
  404. E. Composite amount
  405.  
  406. 35. Under the temporal method, retained earnings would be restated at what rate?
  407. E. Composite amount
  408.  
  409. 36. Under the current rate method, depreciation expense would be restated at what rate?
  410. B. Average rate
  411.  
  412. 37. Under the temporal method, depreciation expense would be restated at what rate?
  413. D. Historical rate
  414.  
  415. 38. Under the temporal method, how would cost of goods sold be restated?
  416. E. Composite amount
  417.  
  418. 39. Under the current rate method, how would cost of goods sold be restated?
  419. B. Average rate
  420.  
  421. 40. How is the disposition of the translated gain or loss reported on the parent company's financial statements?
  422. D. Other comprehensive income
  423.  
  424. 41. How is the disposition of the re-measurement gain or loss reported on the parent company's financial statements?
  425. A. Net income/loss on the income statement
  426.  
  427.  42. A highly inflationary economy is defined as
  428. B. Cumulative 3-year inflation in excess of 100%
  429.  
  430. 43. If a subsidiary is operating in a highly inflationary economy, how are the financial statements to be restated?
  431. D. Re-measurement
  432.  
  433. 44. When consolidating a foreign subsidiary, which of the following statements is true?
  434. A. Parent reports a cumulative translation adjustment using the equity method
  435.  
  436. 45. When preparing a consolidating statement of cash flows, which of the following statements is false?
  437. A. Subsidiary dividends are deducted as a financing activity
  438.  
  439.  The following account balances are available for Esposito, an Italian U.S. subsidiary for 2009:
  440.  46. Compute the cost of goods sold for 2009 in U.S. dollars using the temporal method.
  441. B. $387,750
  442.  
  443. 47. Compute the cost of goods sold for 2009 in U.S. dollars using the current rate method.
  444. C. $388,800
  445.  
  446. 48. Compute ending inventory for 2009 under the temporal method.
  447. D. $14,850
  448.  
  449. 49. Compute ending inventory for 2009 under the current rate method.
  450. E. $15,150
  451.   The following inventory balances for 2008 in local currency units (LCU) are given:
  452. 50. Compute the December 31, 2008, inventory balance using the lower of cost or market method under the temporal method.
  453. A. $429,000
  454.  
  455. 51. Compute the December 31, 2008, inventory balance using the current rate method.
  456. A. $454,400
  457.  
  458. Perez Company, a Mexican subsidiary of a U.S. company, sold equipment costing 200,000 pesos with accumulated depreciation of 75,000 pesos for 140,000 pesos on March 1, 2009. The equipment was purchased on January 1, 2008, when the exchange rate for the peso was $.11. Relevant exchange rates for the peso are as follows:
  459.  
  460.  52. The financial statements for Perez are translated by its U.S. parent. What amount of gain or loss would be reported in its translated income statement?
  461. C. $1,590
  462.  
  463. 53. The financial statements for Perez are re-measured by its U.S. parent. What amount of gain or loss would be reported in its translated income statement?
  464. D. $1,090
  465.  
  466.  Certain balance sheet accounts of a foreign subsidiary of Parker Company at December 31, 2008, have been restated into U.S. dollars as follows:
  467.  54. Assuming the functional currency of the subsidiary is the U.S. dollar, what total should be included in Parker's consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2008, for the above items?
  468. A. $407,500
  469.  
  470.  55. Assuming the functional currency of the subsidiary is the local currency, what total should be included in Parker's consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2008, for the above items?
  471. B. $418,000
  472.  
  473. 56. If the current rate used to restate these balances is $.95, what was the historical rate used to restate the same balances?
  474. A. $.90
  475.  
  476.   Kennedy Company acquired all of the outstanding common stock of Hastie Company of Canada for U.S. $350,000 on January 1, 2009, when the exchange rate for the Canadian dollar was U.S. $.70. The fair value of the net assets of Hastie was equal to their book value of C$450,000 (Canadian dollars) on the date of acquisition. Any excess cost over fair value was attributed to an unrecorded patent with a remaining life of five years. The functional currency of Hastie is the Canadian dollar.
  477. For the year ended December 31, 2009, Hastie's translated net income was $25,000. The average exchange rate for the Canadian dollar during 2009 was U.S. $.68 and the 2009 year-end exchange rate was U.S. $.65.
  478.  57. Calculate the U.S. $ amount allocated to the patent at January 1, 2009.
  479. B. $35,000
  480.  
  481. 58. Amortization of the patent, translated, for 2009 would be
  482. C. $6,800
  483.  
  484. 59. Compute the amount of the patent reported on the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2009.
  485. E. $26,000
  486.  60. Kennedy's share of Hastie's net income for 2009 would be
  487. C. $18,200
  488.  
  489.  Quadros Inc., a Portugese firm was acquired by a U.S. company on January 1, 2007. Selected account balances are available for the year ended December 31, 2008 and are stated in euro, the local currency.
  490. 61. Assume the functional currency is the euro, compute the restated amount for sales for 2008.
  491. C. $380,000
  492.  
  493.  62. Assume the functional currency is the euro, compute the restated amount for inventory for 2008.
  494. D. $20,200
  495.  
  496.  63. Assume the functional currency is the euro, compute the restated amount for equipment for 2008.
  497. B. $90,900
  498.  
  499. 64. Assume the functional currency is the euro, compute the restated amount for dividends for 2008.
  500. D. $19,400
  501.  
  502. 65. Assume the functional currency is the euro, compute the restated amount for accumulated depreciation for 2008.
  503. C. $45,450
  504.  
  505. 66. Assume the functional currency is the euro, compute the restated amount for depreciation expense for 2008.
  506. E. $8,550
  507.  
  508.  67. Assume the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, compute the restated amount for sales for 2008.
  509. C. $380,000
  510.  
  511. 68. Assume the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, compute the restated amount for inventory for 2008.
  512. B. $19,600
  513.  
  514. 69. Assume the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, compute the restated amount for equipment for 2008.
  515. A. $81,900
  516.  
  517. 70. Assume the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, compute the restated amount for dividends for 2008.
  518. D. $19,400
  519.  
  520. 71. Assume the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, compute the restated amount for accumulated depreciation for 2008.
  521. A. $40,950
  522.  
  523. 72. Assume the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, compute the restated amount for depreciation expense for 2008.
  524. A. $8,190
  525.  
  526. 73. When translating Quadros' financial statements, which of the following statements is true?
  527. C. There will be a positive cumulative translation adjustment reported on the consolidated balance sheet
  528.  
  529. Chapter 14 - Partnerships: Formation and Operation
  530.  
  531. 1. Cherryhill and Hace had been partners for several years and they decided to admit Quincy to the partnership. The accountant for the partnership believed that the dissolved partnership and the newly formed partnership were two separate entities. What method would the accountant have used for recording the admission of Quincy to the partnership?
  532. C. The goodwill method
  533.  
  534. 2. When the hybrid method is used to record the withdrawal of a partner, the partnership.
  535. E. Revalues assets and liabilities but does not record goodwill
  536.  
  537. 3. The disadvantages of the partnership form of business organization, compared to corporations, include
  538. B. Unlimited liability for the partners
  539.  
  540. 4. The advantages of the partnership form of business organization, compared to corporations, include
  541. A. Single taxation
  542.  
  543. 5. The dissolution of a partnership occurs
  544. E. When there is any change in the individuals who make up the partnership
  545.  
  546. 6. The partnership of Clapton, Seidel and Thomas was insolvent and will be unable to pay $30,000 in liabilities currently due. What recourse was available to the partnership's creditors?
  547. D. They may seek remuneration from any partner they choose
  548.  
  549.  Cleary, Wasser and Nolan formed a partnership on January 1, 2007, with investments of $100,000, $150,000 and $200,000, respectively. For division of income, they agreed to (1) interest of 10% of the beginning capital balance each year, (2) annual compensation of $10,000 to Wasser and (3) sharing the remainder of the income or loss in a ratio of 20% for Cleary and 40% each for Wasser and Nolan. Net income was $150,000 in 2007 and $180,000 in 2008. Each partner withdrew $1,000 for personal use every month during 2007 and 2008.
  550.  7. What was Wasser's share of income for 2007?
  551. A. $63,000
  552.  
  553. 8. What was Nolan's share of income for 2007?
  554. C. $58,000
  555.  
  556. 9. What was Cleary's share of income for 2007?
  557. D. $29,000
  558.  
  559. 10. What was Nolan's capital balance at the end of 2007?
  560. D. $246,000
  561.  
  562. 11. What was Wasser's capital balance at the end of 2007?
  563. E. $201,000
  564.  
  565. 12. What was Cleary's capital balance at the end of 2007?
  566. B. $117,000
  567.  
  568. 13. What was Wasser's share of income for 2008?
  569. B. $75,540
  570.  
  571. 14. What was Nolan's share of income for 2008?
  572. D. $70,040
  573.  
  574. 15. What was Cleary's share of income for 2008?
  575. A. $34,420
  576.  
  577. 16. What was Nolan's capital balance at the end of 2008?
  578. E. $304,040
  579.  
  580. 17. What was Wasser's capital balance at the end of 2008?
  581. C. $264,540
  582.  
  583. 18. What is Cleary's capital account balance at the end of 2008?
  584. C. $139,420
  585.  
  586.  19. Jell and Dell were partners with capital balances of $600 and $800 and an income sharing ratio of 2:3. They admitted Zell to a 30% interest in the partnership and the total amount of goodwill credited to the original partners was $700. What amount did Zell contribute to the business?
  587. E. $630
  588.  
  589. A partnership began its first year of operations with the following capital balances:
  590. Young, Capital: $143,000
  591. Eaton, Capital: $104,000
  592. Thurman, Capital: $143,000
  593. The Articles of Partnership stipulated that profits and losses be assigned in the following manner:
  594. Young was to be awarded an annual salary of $26,000 with $13,000 salary assigned to Thurman.
  595. Each partner was to be attributed with interest equal to 10% of the capital balance as of the first day of the year.
  596. The remainder was to be assigned on a 5:2:3 basis, respectively.
  597. Each partner was allowed to withdraw up to $13,000 per year.
  598. Assume that the net loss for the first year of operations was $26,000 with net income of $52,000 in the second year. Assume further that each partner withdrew the maximum amount from the business each year.
  599.  
  600. 20. What was Young's share of income or loss for the first year?
  601. B. $11,700 loss
  602.  
  603. 21. What was Eaton's share of income or loss for the first year?
  604. C. $10,400 loss
  605.  
  606. 22. What was Thurman's share of income or loss for the first year?
  607. A. $3,900 loss
  608.  
  609. 23. What was the balance in Young's Capital account at the end of the first year?
  610. B. $118,300
  611.  
  612. 24. What was the balance in Eaton's Capital account at the end of the first year?
  613. D. $80,600
  614.  
  615. 25. What was the balance in Thurman's Capital account at the end of the first year?
  616. C. $126,100
  617.  
  618. 26. What was Young's share of income or loss for the second year?
  619. E. $28,080 income
  620.  
  621. 27. What was Eaton's share of income or loss for the second year?
  622. B. $4,160 income
  623.  
  624. 28. What was Thurman's share of income or loss for the second year?
  625. C. $19,760 income
  626.  
  627. 29. What was the balance in Young's Capital account at the end of the second year?
  628. A. $133,380
  629.  
  630. 30. What was the balance in Eaton's Capital account at the end of the second year?
  631. E. $71,760
  632.  
  633. 31. What was the balance in Thurman's Capital account at the end of the second year?
  634. D. $132,860
  635.  
  636. 32. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a partnership?
  637. D. A partnership requires written Articles of Partnership
  638.  
  639. 33. Partnerships have alternative legal forms including all of the following except:
  640. C. Subchapter S Corporation
  641.  
  642. 34. Which of the following type of organization is classified as a partnership or similar to a partnership, for tax purposes?
  643. (I.) Limited Liability Company
  644. (II.) Limited Liability Partnership
  645. (III.) Subchapter S Corporation
  646. E. I, II and III
  647.  
  648. 35. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the admission of a new partner?
  649. C. The right to participate in management of the business can be conveyed without the consent of other existing partners
  650.  
  651. 36. Withdrawals from the partnership accounts are typically not used
  652. C. To record interest earned on a partner's capital balance
  653.  
  654. 37. The partnership contract for Hanes and Jones LLP provides that Hanes is to receive a bonus of 20% of net income (after the bonus) and that the remaining net income is to be divided equally. If the partnership income before the bonus for the year is $57,600, Hanes' share of this pre-bonus income is:
  655. B. $33,600
  656.  
  657. 38. The partners of Apple, Bere and Carroll LLP share net income and losses in a 5:3:2 ratio, respectively. The capital account balances on January 1, 2008, were as follows:
  658.  
  659. The carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities of the partnership are the same as their current fair values. Dorr will be admitted to the partnership with a 20% capital interest and a 20% share of net income and losses in exchange for a cash investment. The amount of cash that Dorr should invest in the partnership is:
  660. C. $37,500
  661.  
  662. 39. The appropriate format of the January 31, 2008 closing entry for John & Hope Limited Liability Partnership, whose two partners had withdrawn their salaries from the partnership during January is
  663. D. D Above
  664. 40. When Danny withdrew from John, Daniel, Harry and Danny LLP, he was paid $80,000, although his capital account balance was only $60,000. The four partners shared net income and losses equally. The journal entry of the partnership to record Danny's withdrawal preferably should include:
  665. A. $6,667 debit to John, Capital
  666.  
  667. 41. Max, Jones and Waters shared profits and losses 20%, 40% and 40% respectively and their partnership capital balance is $10,000, $30,000 and $50,000 respectively. Max has decided to withdraw from the partnership. An appraisal of the business and its property estimates the fair value to be $200,000. Land with a book value of $30,000 has a fair value of $45,000. Max has agreed to receive $20,000 in exchange for her partnership interest. What amount should land be recorded on the partnership books?
  668. C. $45,000
  669.  
  670.  The capital account balances for Donald & Hanes LLP on January 1, 2008, were as follows:
  671.  
  672.  Donald and Hanes shared net income and losses in the ratio of 3:2, respectively. The partners agreed to admit May to the partnership with a 35% interest in partnership capital and net income. May invested $100,000 cash and no goodwill was recognized.
  673.  42. What is the balance of May's capital account after the new partnership is created?
  674. C. $140,000
  675.  
  676. 43. What is the balance of Donald's capital account after the new partnership is created?
  677. D. $176,000
  678.  
  679. 44. What is the balance of Hane's capital account after the new partnership is created?
  680. A. $84,000
  681. 45. What is the new total balance of the partnership accounts?
  682. E. $400,000
  683.  
  684. 46. Which of the following could be used as a basis to allocate profits among partners who are active in the management of the partnership?
  685. 1) allocation of salaries.
  686. 2) the number of years with the partnership.
  687. 3) the amount of time each partner works.
  688. 4) the average capital invested.
  689. E. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  690.  
  691. Peter, Roberts and Dana have the following capital balances; $80,000, $100,000 and $60,000 respectively. The partners share profits and losses 20%, 40% and 40% respectively.
  692.  47. Roberts retires and is paid $160,000 based on the terms of the original partnership agreement. If the goodwill method is used, what is the capital balance of Peter?
  693. C. $110,000
  694.  
  695. 48. Roberts retires and is paid $160,000 based on the terms of the original partnership agreement. If the goodwill method is used, what is the capital balance of Dana?
  696. D. $120,000
  697.  
  698. 49. What is the total partnership capital after Roberts retires receiving $160,000 and using the goodwill method?
  699. E. $230,000
  700.  
  701.  Donald, Anne and Todd have the following capital balances; $40,000, $50,000 and $30,000 respectively. The partners share profits and losses 20%, 40% and 40% respectively.
  702.  50. Anne retires and is paid $80,000 based on the terms of the original partnership agreement. If the goodwill method is used, what is the capital of the remaining partners?
  703. A. Donald, $55,000; Todd, $60,000
  704.  
  705. 51. Anne retires and is paid $80,000 based on the terms of the original partnership agreement. If the bonus method is used, what is the capital of the remaining partners?
  706. B. Donald, $30,000; Todd, $10,000
  707.  
  708. 52. What is the total partnership capital after Anne retires receiving $80,000 and using the bonus method?
  709. B. $40,000
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