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  1. 1. The tremendously rapid growth of American cities in the post-Civil War decades was
  2. d) a trend that affected Europe as well
  3.  
  4. 2. The major factor in drawing country people off the farms into the big cities was
  5. b) the availability of industrial jobs
  6.  
  7. 3. One of the early symbols of the dawning of consumerism in urban America was
  8. e) the rise of large department stores
  9.  
  10. 4. Which of the following has the least in common with the other four?
  11. c) bedroom communities
  12.  
  13. 5. The New Immigrants who came to the U.S. after 1880
  14. c) were culturally different from previous immigrants
  15.  
  16. 6. Most Italian immigrants to the U.S. between 1880 and 1920 came to escape
  17. e) the poverty and slow modernization of southern Italy
  18.  
  19. 7. A ‘bird of passage’ was an immigrant who
  20. d) came to America to work for a short time and then returned to Europe
  21.  
  22. 8. Most New Immigrants
  23. b) tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America
  24.  
  25. 9. According to the social gospel,
  26. e) the lessons of Christianity should be applied to solve the problems manifest in slums and factories
  27.  
  28. 10. The early settlement house workers, such as Jane Addams and Florence Kelley, helped to blaze the professional trail for
  29. b) social workers
  30.  
  31. 11. Settlement houses such as Hull House engaged in all of the following activities except
  32. d) instruction in socialism
  33.  
  34. 12. The place that offered the greatest opportunities for American women in the period 1865-1900 was
  35. a) the big city
  36.  
  37. 13. In the 1890s, positions for women secretaries, as department store clerks, and telephone operators were largely reserved for
  38. e) the native born
  39.  
  40. 14. Labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following except
  41. a) opposed to factory labor
  42.  
  43. 15. The American Protective Association
  44. c) supported immigration restrictions
  45.  
  46. 16. The religious denomination that responded most favorable to the New Immigration was
  47. a) Roman Catholics
  48.  
  49. 17. Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution
  50. e) cast serious doubt on a literal interpretation of the Bible
  51.  
  52. 18. Religious Modernists
  53. a) found ways to reconcile Christianity and Darwinism
  54.  
  55. 19. Americans offered growing support for a free public education system
  56. c) because they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens
  57.  
  58. 20. Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was
  59. e) economic independence
  60.  
  61. 21. The post-Civil War era witnessed
  62. a) an increase in compulsory school-attendance laws
  63.  
  64. 22. As a leader of the African American community, Booker T. Washington
  65. d) grudgingly acquiesced to segregation
  66.  
  67. 23. That a ‘talented tenth’ of American blacks should lead the race to full social and political equality with whites was the view of
  68. d) W.E.B. DuBois
  69.  
  70. 24. The Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862
  71. e) granted public lands to states to support higher education
  72.  
  73. 25. Black leader Dr. W.E.B. DuBois
  74. a) demanded complete equality for African Americans
  75.  
  76. 26. In the decades after the Civil War, college education for women
  77. c) became much more common
  78.  
  79. 27. Which of the following schools became a prominent scholarly academic institution for African Americans in the late 1800s
  80. a) Howard University
  81.  
  82. 28. During the industrial revolution, life expectancy
  83. d) measurably increased
  84.  
  85. 29. The philosophy of pragmatism maintains that ______________ is/are important.
  86. b) the practical consequences of an idea
  87.  
  88. 30. In a country hungry for news, American newspapers
  89. e) became sensationalist
  90.  
  91. 31. Henry George found the root of social inequality and social injustice in
  92. c) landowners who gained unearned wealth from rising land values
  93.  
  94.  
  95. 32. Henry George argued that the unearned windfall profits of those who did not work for them should be
  96. a) confiscated by government taxation
  97.  
  98. 33. General Lewis Wallace’s book Ben Hur
  99. e) defended Christianity against Darwinism
  100.  
  101. 34. Match each of these late 19th century writers with the theme of his work.
  102. A. Lewis Wallace
  103. B. Horatio Alger
  104. C. Henry James
  105. D. William Dean Howells
  106.  
  107. 1) success and honor as the products of honesty and hard work
  108. 2) anti-Darwinism support for the Holy Scriptures
  109. 3) contemporary social problems like divorce, labor strikes, and socialism
  110. 4) psychological realism and the dilemmas of sophisticated women
  111.  
  112. c) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3
  113.  
  114.  
  115. 35. American novel-writing turned from romanticism and transcendentalism to rugged realism as a result of the
  116. d) materialism of industrial society
  117.  
  118. 36. The Comstock Law was intended to advance the cause of
  119. e) sexual purity
  120.  
  121. 37. In the decades after the Civil War, changes in sexual attitudes and practices were reflected in all of the following except
  122. c) the fact that Americans were marrying at an earlier age
  123.  
  124. 38. In the course of the late 19th century,
  125. c) family size gradually declined
  126.  
  127. 39. By 1900, advocates of women’s suffrage
  128. d) argued that the vote would enable women to extend their roles as mothers and homemakers to the public world
  129.  
  130. 40. One of the most important factors in leading to an increased divorce rate in the late 19th century was the
  131. b) stresses of urban life
  132.  
  133. 41. The National American Women Suffrage Association
  134. e) limited its membership to whites
  135.  
  136. 42. The subject of the 18th Amendment was
  137. d) prohibition
  138.  
  139. 43. The term Richardsonian in the late 19th century pertained to
  140. e) architecture
  141.  
  142. 44. During industrialization, Americans increasingly
  143. d) fell into the ways of lockstep living
  144.  
  145. 45. The various racial and ethnic groups in large cities, though living in different neighborhoods, shared which of the following activities?
  146. e) all of the above
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