- 3.4.3 Practice: The Consequences of 1848
- Practice Assignment
- World History Sem 2 (S999025)
- Mark Habashy
- Points possible: 20
- Due date: | Date: ____________
- What to Do
- Complete the graphic organizer below in which you will analyze the consequences of political unrest in Europe in 1848. Then use the information to construct two paragraphs that address the following question:
- What were the most important consequences of political unrest in Europe in 1848?
- France's revolution, also known as the "Febuary Revolution", was mainly triggered by a supression focusing mainly on the campagne des banquets. Nationalist and republican ideals are what drove the revolution amongst the general citizens of France, who were more for the side of self-leadership. The constitutional monarchy of Louis-Philippe was ended by this, and the French Second Republic was founded. Louis-Napoleon was head of government, who, after four years, returned France in 1852 to a monarchy with the newly created establishment of the Second French Empire.
- Many casualties in France, including the fall of the government and the creation of the French Second Republic. Cells of resistance surfaced, but were put down, and the Second Republic was over. He reestablished universal suffrage, feared by the Republicans at the time who correctly expected the country-side to vote against the Republic, Louis Napoleon took the title Emperor Napoleon III, and the Second Empire began.
- Germany's revoultion, also known as the "March Revolution", took place in the German states in the west and South of Germany, demonstrating common day riots suck as mass demonstrations and mass assemblies. They mostly demanded that Germany have national unity, freedom of the press, and many of the United States' rights, as well as a national German parliament.
- The achievements of the revolutionaries of March 1848 were reversed in all of the German states and by 1851, the Basic Rights had also been abolished nearly everywhere. In the end, the revolution fizzled because of the overwhelming number of tasks it faced and because of lack of mass support and actual power. Many disappointed German patriots went to the United States, among them most notably Carl Schurz, Franz Sigel and Friedrich Hecker. Such emigrants became known as the Forty-Eighters.
- Due to the war, albeit short, Italy's population had been sapped and the economy drained. Austria quickly and efficiently defeated the Italians, leaving states without leaders as they fled to safety in other countries. A man named Giuseppe Mazzini attempted to rebuild Rome as a republic, but inflation caused by the wars quickly quelled the rise of the state.France, seeing an opportunity to conquer land, attempted an attack but failed. This allowed for Austria to regain the land it once held, thus ending the revolution.
- In 1848, Italy was a block of unclaimed land.
- Various rulers claimed state territories, the most important of these being the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, The Papal States, Tuscany, and the kingdom of Sardinia. Austria claimed the rich northern cities around Milan. This caused unrest, as the Italian intelligensia wished for removal of the Austrian government. Boycotts
- of important Austrian products such as Tobacco caused angered Austrian soldiers to shoot 61 Italian citizens. The Italians took up arms against the Austrians, beginning a war between Austria and Italy.
- From March 1848 through July 1849, the Habsburg Austrian Empire was threatened by revolutionary movements, which often had a nationalist character. The empire, ruled from Vienna, included Austrian Germans, Hungarians, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Ukrainians/Ruthenians, Romanians, Serbs, Italians, and Croats, all of whom attempted in the course of the revolution to either achieve autonomy, independence, or even hegemony over other nationalities. The nationalist picture was further complicated by the simultaneous events in the German states, which moved toward greater German national unity.
- After the Uprising of 1848, Vienna was in a state of unrest. Murder attempts were made against soldiers returning from the front, while varying degrees of nationalism were apparent in governments appearing all over the country. Austria's government became divided amongst political and ethnic groups, each holding its own view about the other. The newly formed governments did not understand how to handle the vast amount of political power they had recieved, causing the country to fall into a state of counterrevolution, where the Austrian army began fighting insurgents in the streets of Vienna.
- Use the information above to write your paragraphs.
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