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Chapter 37

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  1. 1.      The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in
  2. a)      Eastern Europe
  3. 2.      The NSC-68 called for
  4. a)      A massive increase in military spending
  5. 3.      The feminist revolt of the 1960s was sparked by
  6. a)      a clash between the demands of the traditional role of women as wives and mothers and the realities of employment
  7. 4.      The immediate concern that prompted the announcement of the Truman Doctrine was related to events in
  8. a)      Greece and Turkey
  9. 5.      Harry Truman possessed all of the following personal characteristics except
  10. a)      willingness to admit mistakes
  11. 6.      In an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the Truman administration did all of the following except
  12. a)      continue wartime wage and price controls
  13. 7.      Joseph Stalin’s postwar security concerns focused primarily on
  14. a)      Eastern Europe
  15. 8.      The post-World War II prosperity in the U.S. was most beneficial to
  16. a)      labor unions
  17. 9.      In regard to postwar Germany, the Big Three allies agreed that
  18. a)      high-ranking Nazis should be tried and punished for war crimes
  19. 10.     One sign of the stress that the immediate growth of post-World War II geographic mobility placed an American families was the
  20. a)      popularity of advice books on child-rearing
  21. 11.     The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was passed to check the growing power of
  22. a)      labor unions
  23. 12.     Postwar Japan
  24. a)      Had its military leaders tried for war crimes, as had occurred in Germany.
  25. 13.     All of the following objected to President Truman’s support for the establishment of Israel except
  26. a)      The Soviet Union
  27. 14.     The postwar policies adopted by the Truman administration toward the Soviet Union were based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was inherently
  28. a)      expansionist
  29. 15.     The rapid rise of suburbia in post-WWII America can be attributed to
  30. a)      all of the above
  31. 16.     President Truman’s Marshall Plan called for
  32. a)      substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe
  33. 17.     The United States, under the North Atlantic Treaty pact,
  34. a)      pledged a hard-and-fast commitment to provide armed assistance to any member nation attacked by the Soviet Union
  35. 18.     The Taft-Hartley Act delivered a major blow to labor by
  36. a)      outlawing the “closed” (all-union) shops
  37. 19.     President Truman’s action upon hearing of the invasion of South Korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of
  38. a)      containment
  39. 20.     The Marshall Plan finally passed Congress largely because it was perceived there as
  40. a)      anticommunist
  41. 21.     In 1948, many southern Democrats split from the party because
  42. a)      President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights
  43. 22.     The U.S. believed that it was desirable to have the Soviet Union participate in the projected invasion of Japan because
  44. a)      The Soviets could help control the Chinese communists
  45. 23.     The NSC-68 document reflected the American belief
  46. a)      In our limitless capabilities
  47. 24.     Post-World War II American workers made spectacular gains in productivity owing to
  48. a)      the continued growth unions
  49. 25.     Population distribution after World War II followed a pattern of
  50. a)      an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and white in major cities
  51. 26.     When the Soviet Union the United States, Britain, and France access to Berlin in 1948, President Truman responded by
  52. a)      declaring that an “iron curtain” had descended across Central Europe
  53. 27.     Much of the prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s rested on
  54. a)      colossal military budgets
  55. 28.     The huge “baby boom” crested in the ________________ and has been declining ever since.
  56. a)      early 1950s
  57. 29.     The refusal of FHA administrators to grant home loans to blacks resulted in
  58. a)      all of the above
  59. 30.     The baby-boom generation will create a major problem in the future by
  60. a)      overbuilding the number of schools
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