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art sayre test5 ch13,15

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  1. •  Question 1
  2. 3 out of 3 points
  3.        
  4.  
  5. Which of these best describes Frank Gehry's design process?
  6. Answer                 
  7.         Selected Answer:           
  8. it is fluid and experimental
  9.                        
  10. •  Question 2
  11. 3 out of 3 points
  12.        
  13.  
  14. Maidens and Stewards, a Parthenon fragment of the Panathenaic Procession, illustrates a _______, or sculptural band, often used by the Greeks to embellish their architecture.
  15. Answer                 
  16.         Selected Answer:           
  17. frieze
  18.                        
  19. •  Question 3
  20. 3 out of 3 points
  21.        
  22.  
  23. Created entirely from _______, Case of Bottles by the California Funk artist Robert Arneson illustrates the modeling sculptural process.
  24. Answer                 
  25.         Selected Answer:           
  26. clay
  27.                        
  28. •  Question 4
  29. 3 out of 3 points
  30.        
  31.  
  32. Notre Dame Cathedral, in Paris, is an example of _______ architecture.
  33. Answer                 
  34.         Selected Answer:           
  35. Gothic
  36.                        
  37. •  Question 5
  38. 3 out of 3 points
  39.        
  40.  
  41. Allan Kaprow created "assemblages of events performed or perceived in more than one time and place." (p. 313) He called these:
  42. Answer                 
  43.         Selected Answer:           
  44. happenings.
  45.                        
  46. •  Question 6
  47. 3 out of 3 points
  48.        
  49.  
  50. The Greek Kouros (p. 292) illustrates the idea of shifting or counter positioning weight around the axis of the spine in figurative sculpture. This pose is called:
  51. Answer                 
  52.         Selected Answer:           
  53. contrapposto.
  54.                        
  55. •  Question 7
  56. 3 out of 3 points
  57.        
  58.  
  59. Auguste Rodin's The Burghers of Calais (p. 300) is a remarkable example of which type of sculpture?
  60. Answer                 
  61.         Selected Answer:           
  62. in-the-round
  63.                        
  64. •  Question 8
  65. 3 out of 3 points
  66.        
  67.  
  68. In the Gothic period, when Notre Dame de Paris was built (p. 358), architects preferred to use:
  69. Answer                 
  70.         Selected Answer:           
  71. pointed arches.
  72.                        
  73. •  Question 9
  74. 3 out of 3 points
  75.        
  76.  
  77. The material most often associated with the process of "casting" is:
  78. Answer                 
  79.         Selected Answer:           
  80. bronze.
  81.                        
  82. •  Question 10
  83. 3 out of 3 points
  84.        
  85.  
  86. Louis Sullivan utilized this type of construction in the late 19th century in Chicago to build increasingly tall buildings.
  87. Answer                 
  88.         Selected Answer:           
  89. steel and reinforced concrete
  90.                        
  91. •  Question 11
  92. 3 out of 3 points
  93.        
  94.  
  95. What do Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty and Great Serpent Mound have in common?
  96. Answer                 
  97.         Selected Answer:           
  98. they are both earthworks, purposeful modifications of landscape
  99.                        
  100. •  Question 12
  101. 3 out of 3 points
  102.        
  103.  
  104. In Sky Cathedral (p. 303) the artist Louise Nevelson has combined found materials to create a sculpture. What is this process called?
  105. Answer                 
  106.         Selected Answer:           
  107. assemblage
  108.                        
  109. •  Question 13
  110. 3 out of 3 points
  111.        
  112.  
  113. The Seagram Building, designed by Philip Johnson and Mies van der Rohe is a perfect example of ___________ in architecture.
  114. Answer                 
  115.         Selected Answer:           
  116. the International Style
  117.                        
  118. •  Question 14
  119. 3 out of 3 points
  120.        
  121.  
  122. The Yoruba Display Piece (p. 303) produced for an oba, or king, is meant to reflect the king's power and _______.
  123. Answer                 
  124.         Selected Answer:           
  125. the power of the community's women and the king's incompleteness without them
  126.                        
  127. •  Question 15
  128. 3 out of 3 points
  129.        
  130.  
  131. The Anasazi cliffside caves at Mesa Verde (p. 350) show the roofs of two _______, which are the underground space for ceremonial life.
  132. Answer                 
  133.         Selected Answer:           
  134. kivas
  135.                        
  136. •  Question 16
  137. 3 out of 3 points
  138.        
  139.  
  140. Pliable clay is made to hold its form permanently (p. 296) through the process of:
  141. Answer                 
  142.         Selected Answer:           
  143. firing it.
  144.                        
  145. •  Question 17
  146. 3 out of 3 points
  147.        
  148.  
  149. What building method was used for the construction of the Egyptian pyramids (p. 348)?
  150. Answer                 
  151.         Selected Answer:           
  152. load bearing
  153.                        
  154. •  Question 18
  155. 3 out of 3 points
  156.        
  157.  
  158. Wood and stone carvings (p. 287) are examples of:
  159. Answer                 
  160.         Selected Answer:           
  161. subtractive sculpture.
  162.                        
  163. •  Question 19
  164. 3 out of 3 points
  165.        
  166.  
  167. The Seagram Building, designed Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson, is an example of the International Style, a type of architecture marked by:
  168. Answer                 
  169.         Selected Answer:           
  170. austere geometric simplicity.
  171.                        
  172. •  Question 20
  173. 3 out of 3 points
  174.        
  175.  
  176. When and where was the use of the arch in Western architecture perfected?
  177. Answer                 
  178.         Selected Answer:           
  179. in Rome around the 1st century B.C.E.
  180.                        
  181. •  Question 21
  182. 3 out of 3 points
  183.        
  184.  
  185. By the late fourteenth century, the African kingdom of Benin had developed tremendous refinement (p. 298) in the art of:
  186. Answer                 
  187.         Selected Answer:           
  188. brass casting.
  189.                        
  190. •  Question 22
  191. 3 out of 3 points
  192.        
  193.  
  194. How is performance art different from traditional sculpture?
  195. Answer                 
  196.         Selected Answer:           
  197. All of the above.
  198.                        
  199. •  Question 23
  200. 3 out of 3 points
  201.        
  202.  
  203. When and why were the Pyramids at Giza built?
  204. Answer                 
  205.         Selected Answer:           
  206. roughly 4500 years ago to be used as tombs and monuments for deceased pharaohs
  207.                        
  208. •  Question 24
  209. 3 out of 3 points
  210.        
  211.  
  212. Johnson and Burgee's University of Houston, College of Architecture is said to be a postmodern building because it:
  213. Answer                 
  214.         Selected Answer:           
  215. borrows from many different styles and time periods to create a kind of "history of Western architecture."
  216.                        
  217. •  Question 25
  218. 3 out of 3 points
  219.        
  220.  
  221. The "look" of our buildings and communities (p. 348) depends on two different factors and their interrelation. What are those factors?
  222. Answer                 
  223.         Selected Answer:           
  224. topography and technology
  225.                        
  226. •  Question 26
  227. 3 out of 3 points
  228.        
  229.  
  230. Which of these is not a basic principle of "green architecture"?
  231. Answer                 
  232.         Selected Answer:           
  233. buildings that make maximum use of energy supplies like coal and nuclear power
  234.                        
  235. •  Question 27
  236. 3 out of 3 points
  237.        
  238.  
  239. Frank Lloyd Wright designed several houses (p. 366) that were based on the "vastness of the western landscape" and were "of the land, not just on the land." What did he call this style of house?
  240. Answer                 
  241.         Selected Answer:           
  242. the Prairie House
  243.                        
  244. •  Question 28
  245. 3 out of 3 points
  246.        
  247.  
  248. A sculptural space that you can actually enter (p. 290) is referred to as:
  249. Answer                 
  250.         Selected Answer:           
  251. an environment.
  252.                        
  253. •  Question 29
  254. 3 out of 3 points
  255.        
  256.  
  257. Frederick Olmsted conceived of a residential community outside the city, but within commuting distance (p. 378), that became an integral part of American life. What was it?
  258. Answer                 
  259.         Selected Answer:           
  260. the suburb
  261.                        
  262. •  Question 30
  263. 3 out of 3 points
  264.        
  265.  
  266. How did Gothic architects compensate for the lateral thrust (p. 358) of the cathedrals?
  267. Answer                 
  268.         Selected Answer:           
  269. with flying buttresses
  270.                        
  271. •  Question 31
  272. 3 out of 3 points
  273.        
  274.  
  275. Richard Serra's The Matter of Time is:
  276. Answer                 
  277.         Selected Answer:           
  278. b & c.
  279.                        
  280. •  Question 32
  281. 3 out of 3 points
  282.        
  283.  
  284. The Romans created larger interior spaces in architecture than the Greeks (p. 354) because:
  285. Answer                 
  286.         Selected Answer:           
  287. they combined the use of the arch with the use of concrete.
  288.                        
  289. •  Question 33
  290. 3 out of 3 points
  291.        
  292.  
  293. The sculptural material most commonly associated with "modeling" or additive processes is:
  294. Answer                 
  295.         Selected Answer:           
  296. clay.
  297.                        
  298. •  Question 34
  299. 3 out of 3 points
  300.        
  301.  
  302. The Egyptian limestone carving, Senwosret I led by Atum to Amun-Re (p. 287), is an example of ________________sculpture.
  303. Answer                 
  304.         Selected Answer:           
  305. low relief
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