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  1. (Chapter 15) 23. Which of these best describes Frank Gehry’s design process?
  2.         c. it is fluid and experimental Correct        
  3.  
  4. (Chapter 15) 18. How did Gothic architects compensate for the lateral
  5. thrust (p. 358) of the cathedrals?
  6.         b. with flying buttresses Correct      
  7.  
  8.  
  9. (Chapter 15) 17. In the Gothic period, when Notre Dame de Paris was
  10. built (p. 358), architects preferred to use:
  11.         a. pointed arches. Correct      
  12.  
  13.  
  14. (Chapter 15) 21. Frederick Olmsted conceived of a residential community
  15. outside the city, but within commuting distance (p. 376), that became an
  16. integral part of American life. What was it?
  17.         c. the suburb Correct  
  18.        
  19.  
  20. (Chapter 15) 11. Louis Sullivan utilized this type of construction in
  21. the late 19^th
  22. ^century in Chicago to build increasingly tall buildings.
  23.         b. cast iron Correct    
  24.  
  25. (Chapter 15) 16. The Romans created larger interior spaces in
  26. architecture than the Greeks (p. 354) because:
  27.         b. they combined the use of the arch with the use of concrete. Correct  
  28.        
  29.  
  30. (Chapter 15) 5. The /Seagram Building/, designed Mies van der Rohe and
  31. Philip Johnson, is an example of the International Style, a type of
  32. architecture marked by:
  33.         c. austere geometric simplicity. Correct        
  34.  
  35. (Chapter 15) 19. The Romans perfected which architectural innovation (p.
  36. 354) by the end of the first
  37. century bce?
  38.         c. the arch Correct    
  39.  
  40. (Chapter 15) 6. Johnson and Burgee’s /University//of Houston, College of
  41. Architecture/ is said to be a postmodern building because it:
  42.         c. borrows from many different styles and time periods to create a kind
  43. of “history of Western architecture.” Correct      
  44.  
  45.  
  46. (Chapter 15) 15. The “look” of our buildings and communities (p. 348)
  47. depends on two different factors and their interrelation. What are those
  48. factors?
  49.         c. topography and technology Correct    
  50.  
  51. *********************
  52.  
  53. (Chapter 16) 12. The Arts and Crafts Movement (pp. 396–401) was started
  54. in England by:
  55.         b. William Morris. Correct      
  56.  
  57. (Chapter 16) 13. Le Corbusier was an architect and designer who prioritized:
  58.         b. the manufactured and modular. Correct        
  59.  
  60. (Chapter 16) 6. The page opening of /The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer Newly
  61. Augmented/ was designed by:
  62.         d. William Morris. Correct      
  63.  
  64.  
  65. (Chapter 16) 7. Cassandre’s /Dubonnet/
  66. //advertisement is a good example of ____________design.
  67.         b. Constructivist Correct      
  68.  
  69.  
  70. ************
  71.  
  72. (Chapter 17) 5. The /She-Wolf/, later adopted by Romans as a symbol of
  73. their civilization, was, until recently, thought to have been made by
  74. ___________, who were famous for their metalwork.
  75.         c. Etruscans   
  76.  
  77. (Chapter 17) 14. According to Buddhism, the release from worldly desires
  78. (p. 429) that ends the cycle of death and reincarnation and begins a
  79. state of permanent bliss is called:
  80.         a. nirvana.    
  81.  
  82. (Chapter 17) 22. What was the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaton famous for?
  83. Choose one answer.
  84.         c. changing the traditional Egyptian religion and art for the only time
  85. during a 3000 year time period         
  86.  
  87. (Chapter 17) 1. The drawings from Ardèche Gorge are located in southern
  88. France at:
  89.         a. Chauvet cave.        
  90.  
  91. (Chapter 17) 25. The earliest known civilization in India, contemporary
  92. with the great civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, is often called
  93. the __________civilization.
  94.         c. Harappan    
  95.        
  96. (Chapter 17) 19. Classical Greek sculpture can best be described as:
  97.         b. calm: relaxed poses that sought to depict ideal form.       
  98.  
  99. (Chapter 17) 26. The Great Stupa at Sanchi, India is a typical Buddhist
  100. structure.  What purpose do they serve?
  101.         b. they house some of the ashes of the cremated Buddha and serve as
  102. devotional sites       
  103.  
  104. (Chapter 17) 17. /The Palette of King Narmer/ is historically important:
  105.         d. it probably represents the first unification of Upper and Lower
  106. Egypt and the shift from the prehistoric to historic in Egypt.         
  107.  
  108.  
  109. (Chapter 17) 20. What major events and developments marked the shift
  110. from Paleolithic to Neolithic civilization?
  111.         c. The shift from hunter-gatherers to sedentary agrarians, the end of
  112. the last ice age, and the development of organized communities roughly
  113. 10,000-7,000 years ago.        
  114.  
  115.  
  116. ******************************
  117. (Chapter 18) 2. The medium for /Theodora and her Attendants/ is:
  118.         d. mosaic. Correct      
  119.  
  120. (Chapter 18) 12. The manuscript page of St. Matthew from the Gospel Book
  121. of Charlemagne (p. 441) is an excellent example of:
  122.         a. Carolingian art. Correct    
  123.  
  124. (Chapter 18) 23. What was the main intention of Byzantine mosaic artists?
  125.         b. to create a symbolic, mystical art Correct  
  126.  
  127. (Chapter 18) 8. The /Head of a King (Oni)/ comes from:
  128.         b. the Ife culture in present-day Nigeria. Correct      
  129.  
  130. (Chapter 18) 20. Constantine took power in Rome in 312 C.E. and signed
  131. the Edict of Milan in 313 C.E.  How did this change the trajectory of
  132. western culture for the next 1000 years?
  133.         a. it legalized Christianity, which became the dominant cultural and
  134. political force in Europe Correct      
  135.  
  136. (Chapter 18) 28. The Kandariya Temple, modeled on a mountain landscape
  137. and covered in sculpture and mosaics, inside and out, is an example of
  138. __________ architecture.
  139.         a. Hindu Correct        
  140.  
  141.  
  142. (Chapter 18) 27. Compared to Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculpture was
  143. ____________.
  144.         b. much more naturalistic Correct      
  145.        
  146.  
  147. (Chapter 18) 5. The Hinged clasp from the Sutton Hoo burial ship
  148. illustrates a distinguishing characteristic of the art of migrating
  149. peoples of the Middle Ages, most notably the:
  150.         b. animal style. Correct        
  151.  
  152.  
  153. (Chapter 18) 19. Through the use of _______, the architecture of the
  154. Gothic church (p. 443) was able to reach an extraordinary height.
  155.         b. flying buttresses Correct    
  156.  
  157. (Chapter 18) 25. When, and by whom, was Islam founded?
  158.         a. In 610, by Mohammed Correct  
  159.  
  160. *************************
  161.  
  162. (Chapter 19) 3. Leonardo da Vinci’s /Mona Lisa/ is thought to have had
  163. appeal to the Renaissance imagination in part because the portrait reveals:
  164.         b. the personality of the sitter. Correct      
  165.  
  166. (Chapter 19) 30. Machu Picchu was a “getaway” for a(n) __________ruler.
  167.         b. Inca Correct        
  168.  
  169. (Chapter 19) 19. Michelangelo’s painting /The Last Judgment/ (p. 468),
  170. for the Sistine Chapel, typifies a style that came to be known as:
  171.         c. Mannerism. Correct  
  172.  
  173. (Chapter 19) 12. The Limbourg Brothers’ manuscript /Les Très Riches
  174. Heures du Duc de Berry/
  175. //(p. 451) signified the return of something lost in art since
  176. antiquity. What was it?
  177.         a. “cast shadows” Correct  
  178.  
  179. (Chapter 19) 13. In the 1330s, Petrarch (p. 452) conceived of a
  180. philosophy that emphasized the value of the individual and the pursuit
  181. and study of classical languages, literature, history, and philosophy.
  182. Today we call these disciplines the:
  183.         d. humanities. Correct  
  184.  
  185.  
  186. (Chapter 19) 31. Who was the most influential artist of the Baroque
  187. period in Europe?
  188.         c. Caravaggio Correct  
  189.  
  190. (Chapter 19) 22. Early Renaissance painter Masaccio is best known for:
  191.         a. introducing complex narrative into painting and indicating a single,
  192. fixed light source that increased the overall naturalism of his
  193. compositions. Correct  
  194.  
  195. (Chapter 19) 21. Early Renaissance architect Brunelleschi is best known for:
  196.         b. developing linear perspective and designing the dome over the huge
  197. crossing in Florence Cathedral. Correct        
  198.  
  199. (Chapter 19) 7. The style of /Burial of Count Orgaz/
  200. //is highly eclectic and individual. The artist is:
  201.         b. El Greco. Correct    
  202.  
  203. **************************
  204.  
  205. (Chapter 20) 13. The Arapaho Ghost Dance dress would have been worn
  206. _____________.
  207.         a. during a Plains Indian ritual meant to help transform the West back
  208. to what it had been before the settlement of Euro-Americans Correct    
  209.  
  210. (Chapter 20) 20. In Romanticism (p. 484), regardless of the subject
  211. matter, paintings revealed the artist’s:
  212.         c. individuality. Correct      
  213.  
  214. (Chapter 20) 5. Which of these paintings is considered a Rococo painting?
  215. Choose one answer.
  216.         b. Fragonard’s /Bathers/ Correct      
  217.  
  218. (Chapter 20) 17. The Rococo style (pp. 479-480) has been characterized as:
  219.         a. the Baroque eroticized. Correct      
  220.  
  221. (Chapter 20) 19. What individual chose the Neoclassical architectural
  222. style (p. 482) for his home in the United States?
  223.         d. Thomas Jefferson Correct    
  224.  
  225. (Chapter 20) 10. Realism as an artistic movement in the mid-19^th
  226. century refers to what?
  227.         c. the use of everyday people and activities in the paintings Correct  
  228.  
  229. (Chapter 20) 18. One of the primary subjects of Neoclassical art (p.
  230. 481) is:
  231.         c. virtue. Correct      
  232.  
  233. (Chapter 20) 6. Rococo painting can best be characterized as:
  234.         c. the Baroque, eroticized, and depictions of the wealthy aristocracy
  235. at play. Correct        
  236.  
  237. (Chapter 20) 24. What is the story behind Gericault’s /Taft of the Medusa?/
  238.         a. The Medusa sunk off the coast of Africa due to the captain’s
  239. incompetence and its poor survivors were adrift for days (most of them
  240. dying) while the captain and crew saved themselves. Correct    
  241.  
  242. (Chapter 20) 2. In works such as /Olympia/, realist painter Edouard
  243. Manet was denying traditional painting style and drawing attention to:
  244.         b. his modernity and break with the past. Correct