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Roman Numerals solution - Victor Lee

By: a guest on May 23rd, 2013  |  syntax: C#  |  size: 2.38 KB  |  hits: 28  |  expires: Never
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  1. class RomanNumber
  2.     {
  3.         /// <summary>
  4.         /// The possible characters used to represent a single digit in a Roman number.
  5.         /// Example: For tens digit, Ten = C (100), Five = L (50), One = X (10)
  6.         /// </summary>
  7.         class RomanDigit
  8.         {
  9.             public char Ten { get; set; }
  10.             public char Five { get; set; }
  11.             public char One { get; set; }
  12.         }
  13.  
  14.         #region Constants
  15.         static List<RomanDigit> RomanDigits = new List<RomanDigit>()
  16.         {
  17.             new RomanDigit() {Ten = 'X', Five = 'V', One = 'I'},    // Ones place
  18.             new RomanDigit() {Ten = 'C', Five = 'L', One = 'X'},    // Tens place
  19.             new RomanDigit() {Ten = 'M', Five = 'D', One = 'C'},    // Hundreds place
  20.             new RomanDigit() {One = 'M'},                           // Thousands place
  21.         };
  22.         static int MAX = 3999;
  23.         static int MIN = 0;
  24.         #endregion
  25.  
  26.         /// <summary>
  27.         /// Converts an Arabic number to a Roman number by converting one digit at a time.
  28.         /// </summary>
  29.         /// <param name="arabic"></param>
  30.         /// <returns></returns>
  31.         public static string ToRoman(int arabic)
  32.         {
  33.             if (arabic > MAX || arabic < MIN) throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("Arabic number must between 0 and 3999.");
  34.             string roman = "";
  35.  
  36.             int decimalPlace = 0;   // Start at 10^0 (ones place)
  37.             while (arabic > 0)
  38.             {
  39.                 // Get lowest digit
  40.                 int currentDigit = arabic % 10;
  41.  
  42.                 // Add converted string to output
  43.                 RomanDigit digit = RomanDigits[decimalPlace];
  44.                 if (currentDigit % 5 == 4)  // Special case for 4 and 9, print "One" followed by "Five" or "Ten".
  45.                     roman = string.Format("{0}{1}", digit.One, (currentDigit == 9) ? digit.Ten : digit.Five) + roman;
  46.                 else // If currentDigit > 5, print "Five". Then print "One" several times until done.
  47.                     roman = string.Format("{0}{1}", (currentDigit >= 5) ? digit.Five.ToString() : "", new String(digit.One, currentDigit % 5)) + roman;
  48.  
  49.                 // Next loop iteration
  50.                 arabic /= 10;    // Divide by 10 to get next digit
  51.                 decimalPlace++;  // Go to next RomanDigit
  52.             }
  53.  
  54.             return roman;
  55.         }
  56.     }