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  1. •  Question 1
  2. 5 out of 5 points
  3.        
  4.         According to Buddhism, the release from worldly desires (p. 429) that ends the cycle of death and reincarnation and begins a state of permanent bliss is called:
  5. Answer                 
  6.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  7. nirvana.
  8.                        
  9. •   Question 2
  10. 5 out of 5 points
  11.        
  12.         The "Toreador" fresco (p. 418) was created by the _______ culture.
  13. Answer                 
  14.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  15. Minoan
  16.                        
  17. •   Question 3
  18. 5 out of 5 points
  19.        
  20.         The colossal head found in La Venta, Mexico (p. 417) was created by the ___________.
  21. Answer                 
  22.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  23. Olmec
  24.                        
  25. •   Question 4
  26. 5 out of 5 points
  27.        
  28.         Classical Greek sculpture can best be described as:
  29. Answer                 
  30.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  31. calm: relaxed poses that sought to depict ideal form.
  32.                        
  33. •   Question 5
  34. 5 out of 5 points
  35.        
  36.         What was the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaton famous for?
  37. Answer                 
  38.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  39. changing the traditional Egyptian religion and art for the only time during a 3000 year time period
  40.                        
  41. •   Question 6
  42. 5 out of 5 points
  43.        
  44.         The Great Stupa at Sanchi, India is a typical Buddhist structure. What purpose do they serve?
  45. Answer                 
  46.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  47. they house some of the ashes of the cremated Buddha and serve as devotional sites
  48.                        
  49. •   Question 7
  50. 5 out of 5 points
  51.        
  52.         Egyptian culture was dedicated to providing a home for the _______, which required that Egyptian artisans decorate tombs with paintings to be enjoyed after death (p. 413).
  53. Answer                 
  54.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  55. ka
  56.                        
  57. •   Question 8
  58. 5 out of 5 points
  59.        
  60.         Like much of Egyptian art, the statue of King Khafre (p. 415) shows:
  61. Answer                 
  62.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  63. rigorous geometry.
  64.                        
  65. •   Question 9
  66. 5 out of 5 points
  67.        
  68.         One of the earliest surviving examples of a _______ lies at Sanchi, India.
  69. Answer                 
  70.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  71. stupa
  72.                        
  73. •   Question 10
  74. 5 out of 5 points
  75.        
  76.         The stele inscribed with the Law Code of Hammurabi (p. 412) was created by which Mesopotamian culture?
  77. Answer                 
  78.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  79. Babylon
  80.                        
  81. •   Question 11
  82. 5 out of 5 points
  83.        
  84.         Architecture and art of the Roman Republic was heavily influenced by the building styles of_______________.
  85. Answer                 
  86.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  87. Greek temples
  88.                        
  89. •   Question 12
  90. 0 out of 5 points
  91.        
  92.         What major events and developments marked the shift from Paleolithic to Neolithic civilization?
  93. Answer                 
  94.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  95. The fall of Greece to Rome in 146 B.C.E. and the development of naturalistic sculpture done in marble.
  96.                        
  97. •   Question 13
  98. 5 out of 5 points
  99.        
  100.         The figures from the Abu Temple represent worshippers from the complex society of:
  101. Answer                 
  102.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  103. Sumer.
  104.                        
  105. •   Question 14
  106. 5 out of 5 points
  107.        
  108.         The capitol of the Roman Empire moved in the 4th century, splitting the empire in two. What was the name of the new capital (before it was renamed) and who moved it?
  109. Answer                 
  110.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  111. Byzantium; Constantine
  112.                        
  113. •   Question 15
  114. 0 out of 5 points
  115.        
  116.         The earliest known civilization in India, contemporary with the great civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, is often called the __________civilization.
  117. Answer                 
  118.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  119. Sumerian
  120.                        
  121. •   Question 16
  122. 5 out of 5 points
  123.        
  124.         When was Rome founded and by whom?
  125. Answer                 
  126.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  127. in 753 B.C.E. by Romulus and Remus
  128.                        
  129. •   Question 17
  130. 5 out of 5 points
  131.        
  132.         Nike of Samothrace is an outstanding example of:
  133. Answer                 
  134.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  135. Hellenistic realism.
  136.                        
  137. •   Question 18
  138. 5 out of 5 points
  139.        
  140.         The Palette of King Narmer is historically important:
  141. Answer                 
  142.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  143. it probably represents the first unification of Upper and Lower Egypt and the shift from the prehistoric to historic in Egypt.
  144.                        
  145. •   Question 19
  146. 5 out of 5 points
  147.        
  148.         Found in Austria, the Venus of Willendorf (p. 409) is most likely a:
  149. Answer                 
  150.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  151. fertility figure.
  152.                        
  153. •   Question 20
  154. 5 out of 5 points
  155.        
  156.         Neolithic culture developed quickly in the world's fertile valleys (p. 413). By 4000 bce, urban societies had developed in:
  157. Answer                 
  158.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  159. Egypt and Mesopotamia.
  160.                        
  161.  
  162. •  Question 1
  163. 5 out of 5 points
  164.        
  165.         The tile mosaic, mihrab, is typical for Islamic art. Why?
  166. Answer                 
  167.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  168. b & c
  169. Correct Answer:   d.  
  170. b & c
  171.                        
  172. •   Question 2
  173. 5 out of 5 points
  174.        
  175.         The Kandariya Temple, modeled on a mountain landscape and covered in sculpture and mosaics, inside and out, is an example of __________ architecture.
  176. Answer                 
  177.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  178. Hindu
  179. Correct Answer:   c.  
  180. Hindu
  181.                        
  182. •   Question 3
  183. 5 out of 5 points
  184.        
  185.         The Hinged clasp from the Sutton Hoo burial ship illustrates a distinguishing characteristic of the art of migrating peoples of the Middle Ages, most notably the:
  186. Answer                 
  187.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  188. animal style.
  189. Correct Answer:   a.  
  190. animal style.
  191.                        
  192. •   Question 4
  193. 0 out of 5 points
  194.        
  195.         Designed to capture the rhythms of the cosmos, Kandariya Mahadeva remains a:
  196. Answer                 
  197.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  198. shrine to Shiva.
  199. Correct Answer:   a.  
  200. major Hindu temple.
  201.                        
  202. •   Question 5
  203. 5 out of 5 points
  204.        
  205.         Through the use of _______, the architecture of the Gothic church (p. 443) was able to reach an extraordinary height.
  206. Answer                 
  207.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  208. flying buttresses
  209. Correct Answer:   d.  
  210. flying buttresses
  211.                        
  212. •   Question 6
  213. 0 out of 5 points
  214.        
  215.         How would you characterize Byzantine architectural exteriors?
  216. Answer                 
  217.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  218. they were incredibly ornate
  219. Correct Answer:   a.  
  220. complex in elevation, they were plain and unadorned
  221.                        
  222. •   Question 7
  223. 0 out of 5 points
  224.        
  225.         Compared to Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculpture was ____________.
  226. Answer                 
  227.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  228. proportionally less accurate
  229. Correct Answer:   a.  
  230. much more naturalistic
  231.                        
  232. •   Question 8
  233. 5 out of 5 points
  234.        
  235.         The Djingareyber Mosque and the Mosque at Córdoba (figs. 595 and 596), while very different in style and building materials, are both typical of ____________architecture.
  236. Answer                 
  237.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  238. Islamic
  239. Correct Answer:   c.  
  240. Islamic
  241.                        
  242. •   Question 9
  243. 5 out of 5 points
  244.        
  245.         Constantine took power in Rome in 312 C.E. and signed the Edict of Milan in 313 C.E. How did this change the trajectory of western culture for the next 1000 years?
  246. Answer                 
  247.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  248. it legalized Christianity, which became the dominant cultural and political force in Europe
  249. Correct Answer:   a.  
  250. it legalized Christianity, which became the dominant cultural and political force in Europe
  251.                        
  252. •   Question 10
  253. 5 out of 5 points
  254.        
  255.         The medium for Theodora and her Attendants is:
  256. Answer                 
  257.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  258. mosaic.
  259. Correct Answer:   d.  
  260. mosaic.
  261.                        
  262. •   Question 11
  263. 5 out of 5 points
  264.        
  265.         By the year 500 ce, most of the western empire had been overrun by barbarian tribes from the north (p. 432). What emperor attempted to restore the lost empire?
  266. Answer                 
  267.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  268. Justinian
  269. Correct Answer:   a.  
  270. Justinian
  271.                        
  272. •   Question 12
  273. 5 out of 5 points
  274.        
  275.         The tremendous dome of Hagia Sophia (p. 434) is supported by:
  276. Answer                 
  277.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  278. four pendentives.
  279. Correct Answer:   c.  
  280. four pendentives.
  281.                        
  282. •   Question 13
  283. 5 out of 5 points
  284.        
  285.         When, and by whom, was Islam founded?
  286. Answer                 
  287.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  288. In 610, by Mohammed
  289. Correct Answer:   c.  
  290. In 610, by Mohammed
  291.                        
  292. •   Question 14
  293. 5 out of 5 points
  294.        
  295.         What was the preferred two-dimensional medium for didactic, Christian art during the Middle Ages, particularly in the Byzantine Empire?
  296. Answer                 
  297.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  298. mosaic
  299. Correct Answer:   d.  
  300. mosaic
  301.                        
  302. •   Question 15
  303. 0 out of 5 points
  304.        
  305.         One feature distinguishing Gothic architecture from Romanesque was the extensive use of (p. 445):
  306. Answer                 
  307.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  308. curved arches.
  309. Correct Answer:   a.  
  310. stained glass.
  311.                        
  312. •   Question 16
  313. 0 out of 5 points
  314.        
  315.         The first Christian churches were patterned after basilicas (p. 431) used by the Romans as:
  316. Answer                 
  317.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  318. palaces.
  319. Correct Answer:   d.  
  320. public buildings.
  321.                        
  322. •   Question 17
  323. 0 out of 5 points
  324.        
  325.         As Christianity affected culture in the West after antiquity, so too did ____________affect culture in the East, effectively spreading from India, across all of Asia, to Japan.
  326. Answer                 
  327.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  328. Hinduism
  329. Correct Answer:   b.  
  330. Buddhism
  331.                        
  332. •   Question 18
  333. 5 out of 5 points
  334.        
  335.         The Emperor Justinian, from 532-37 C.E., used 10,000 workers and spent 132,000,000 lbs. of gold (almost bankrupting the Byzantine Empire) to build this structure that was later converted to a mosque in Constantinople.
  336. Answer                 
  337.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  338. Hagia Sophia
  339. Correct Answer:   a.  
  340. Hagia Sophia
  341.                        
  342. •   Question 19
  343. 5 out of 5 points
  344.        
  345.         The art of sculpture popular during ancient Roman times, reemerged during what period?
  346. Answer                 
  347.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  348. Romanesque
  349. Correct Answer:   a.  
  350. Romanesque
  351.                        
  352. •   Question 20
  353. 5 out of 5 points
  354.        
  355.         The Head of a King (Oni) comes from:
  356. Answer                 
  357.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  358. the Ife culture in present-day Nigeria.
  359. Correct Answer:   a.  
  360. the Ife culture in present-day Nigeria.
  361.                        
  362.  
  363.  
  364. Question 10
  365. 0 out of 5 points
  366.        
  367.         Minamoto no Yoritomo produced during the Kamakura period shows a Japanese ______.
  368. Answer                 
  369.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  370. kami
  371. Correct Answer:   b.  
  372. samurai
  373.                        
  374.  
  375. Question 14
  376. 0 out of 5 points
  377.        
  378.         In Romanesque architecture (p. 442), flat ceilings were replaced with:
  379. Answer                 
  380.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  381. pendentive arch ceilings.
  382. Correct Answer:   a.  
  383. vaulted ceilings.
  384.                        
  385.  
  386. •  Question 1
  387. 0 out of 5 points
  388.        
  389.         Florentine Renaissance art prioritized disegno, drawing and delineation of forms, while Venetian Renaissance art prioritized:
  390. Answer                 
  391.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  392. the same as the Florentines, disegno.
  393. Correct Answer:   c.  
  394. the sensuousness of light and color.
  395.                        
  396. •   Question 2
  397. 5 out of 5 points
  398.        
  399.         Michelangelo is considered a Mannerist and High Renaissance artist. What is it about his paintings that characterize the Mannerist style?
  400. Answer                 
  401.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  402. his turbulent compositions and contorted, highly musculatured figures
  403. Correct Answer:   b.  
  404. his turbulent compositions and contorted, highly musculatured figures
  405.                        
  406. •   Question 3
  407. 5 out of 5 points
  408.        
  409.         Florence became a cultural center of the Renaissance (p. 452) in a large part due to:
  410. Answer                 
  411.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  412. the Medici family.
  413. Correct Answer:   c.  
  414. the Medici family.
  415.                        
  416. •   Question 4
  417. 0 out of 5 points
  418.        
  419.         The Limbourg Brothers' manuscript Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (p. 451) signified the return of something lost in art since antiquity. What was it?
  420. Answer                 
  421.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  422. human figures
  423. Correct Answer:   a.  
  424. "cast shadows"
  425.                        
  426. •   Question 5
  427. 5 out of 5 points
  428.        
  429.         Early Renaissance architect Brunelleschi is best known for:
  430. Answer                 
  431.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  432. developing linear perspective and designing the dome over the huge crossing in Florence Cathedral.
  433. Correct Answer:   d.  
  434. developing linear perspective and designing the dome over the huge crossing in Florence Cathedral.
  435.                        
  436. •   Question 6
  437. 5 out of 5 points
  438.        
  439.         Which of these is an example of Baroque painting?
  440. Answer                 
  441.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  442. Caravaggio's The Calling of St. Matthew
  443. Correct Answer:   a.  
  444. Caravaggio's The Calling of St. Matthew
  445.                        
  446. •   Question 7
  447. 5 out of 5 points
  448.        
  449.         The cultures of the Pre-Columbian peoples (p. 463) are distinguished by their:
  450. Answer                 
  451.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  452. monumental architecture and stone sculpture.
  453. Correct Answer:   c.  
  454. monumental architecture and stone sculpture.
  455.                        
  456. •   Question 8
  457. 5 out of 5 points
  458.        
  459.         Michelangelo's painting The Last Judgment (p. 468), for the Sistine Chapel, typifies a style that came to be known as:
  460. Answer                 
  461.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  462. Mannerism.
  463. Correct Answer:   d.  
  464. Mannerism.
  465.                        
  466. •   Question 9
  467. 5 out of 5 points
  468.        
  469.         Leonardo was as known in his time for his work as a(n) ____________ ,as much for his work as an artist.
  470. Answer                 
  471.         Selected Answer:          e.  
  472. military engineer and weapons-designer
  473. Correct Answer:   e.  
  474. military engineer and weapons-designer
  475.                        
  476. •   Question 10
  477. 0 out of 5 points
  478.        
  479.         In the 1330s, Petrarch (p. 452) conceived of a philosophy that emphasized the value of the individual and the pursuit and study of classical languages, literature, history, and philosophy. Today we call these disciplines the:
  480. Answer                 
  481.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  482. fine arts.
  483. Correct Answer:   d.  
  484. humanities.
  485.                        
  486. •   Question 11
  487. 5 out of 5 points
  488.        
  489.         The "Big 3" of the Italian High Renaissance, based in Florence, and later in Rome, and then Milan were:
  490. Answer                 
  491.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  492. Leonardo DaVinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael.
  493. Correct Answer:   d.  
  494. Leonardo DaVinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael.
  495.                        
  496. •   Question 12
  497. 5 out of 5 points
  498.        
  499.         Mayan civilization (p. 464) reached its peak in Southern Mexico and Guatemala around:
  500. Answer                 
  501.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  502. 250.
  503. Correct Answer:   c.  
  504. 250.
  505.                        
  506. •   Question 13
  507. 5 out of 5 points
  508.        
  509.         What did the early-Renaissance sculptor Donatello do that hadn't been done since Classical Antiquity?
  510. Answer                 
  511.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  512. he sculpted nude figures
  513. Correct Answer:   d.  
  514. he sculpted nude figures
  515.                        
  516. •   Question 14
  517. 5 out of 5 points
  518.        
  519.         Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is thought to have had appeal to the Renaissance imagination in part because the portrait reveals:
  520. Answer                 
  521.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  522. the personality of the sitter.
  523. Correct Answer:   a.  
  524. the personality of the sitter.
  525.                        
  526. •   Question 15
  527. 5 out of 5 points
  528.        
  529.         The style of Burial of Count Orgaz is highly eclectic and individual. The artist is:
  530. Answer                 
  531.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  532. El Greco.
  533. Correct Answer:   d.  
  534. El Greco.
  535.                        
  536. •   Question 16
  537. 5 out of 5 points
  538.        
  539.         Sandro Botticelli's paintings, such as The Birth of Venus, reflect his interest in a philosophy called _______.
  540. Answer                 
  541.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  542. Neoplatonism
  543. Correct Answer:   a.  
  544. Neoplatonism
  545.                        
  546. •   Question 17
  547. 5 out of 5 points
  548.        
  549.         Teotihuacan was an __________important cultural center in Mesoamerica.
  550. Answer                 
  551.         Selected Answer:          b.  
  552. it is not known which culture used it
  553. Correct Answer:   b.  
  554. it is not known which culture used it
  555.                        
  556. •   Question 18
  557. 5 out of 5 points
  558.        
  559.         What sets northern European artists (p. 454 apart from most artists of the Italian Renaissance is their interest in:
  560. Answer                 
  561.         Selected Answer:          c.  
  562. rendering believable space in realistic detail.
  563. Correct Answer:   c.  
  564. rendering believable space in realistic detail.
  565.                        
  566. •   Question 19
  567. 5 out of 5 points
  568.        
  569.         In Hundreds of Birds Admiring the Peacocks painting by Yin Hong, from the late fifteenth to early sixteenth century, the peacock symbolizes:
  570. Answer                 
  571.         Selected Answer:          a.  
  572. the Chinese emperor.
  573. Correct Answer:   a.  
  574. the Chinese emperor.
  575.                        
  576. •   Question 20
  577. 5 out of 5 points
  578.        
  579.         In School of Athens, Raphael represents the two significant schools of philosophy, signified by the portrayal of _______ and ________ in the center of the composition.
  580. Answer                 
  581.         Selected Answer:          d.  
  582. Plato; Aristotle
  583. Correct Answer:   d.  
  584. Plato; Aristotle
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