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- Point 6 "Morales responsible for Bolivia's fires."
- Morales "decided to accept international help in fighting the fires - securing a Boeing 747 "supertanker" from the US to drop water, and welcoming the offer of aid from the G7 summit at the weekend."
- The claim is, that despite Morales showing concern for the earth, his past policies don't express that truly.
- And the main one in regards to this, is the policy of allowing farmers to clear up forest area in order to make arable land for farming.
- The farmers do this via setting fire to the land.
- The policy allowed farmers to expand the area they could set the fires. And because Bolivia is beset by dry weather and high winds, the fires went out of control.
- What his critics fail to understand is that the policy was passed in order to increase food supply in the country. And while it's true that it was unwise to allow farmer's a greater area in which to set fires, you cannot blame Evo for the wind or the Dry weather that exacerbated or spread the fires.
- A second complaint is that Evo was slow to react. He refused foreign aid, but when people pleaded with him, he accepted it.
- The thing with this is that Bolivia already has it's own fire fighting force, as do all countries. And The Bolivian government intervened only after it was clear that the fires had surpassed local and regional response capabilities, sending soldiers and firefighters from other areas to the most affected regions - https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/25/world/americas/bolivia-fires-amazon.html
- While the government increased the area available for deforestatoin by a factor of 4 - http://www.noticiasfides.com/economia/21-organizaciones-civiles-condenan-decreto-que-permitio-quema-en-el-bosque-seco-chiquitano-400187 , Most of these fires were unauthorized - https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/25/world/americas/bolivia-fires-amazon.html
- The biggest criticism of Morales is this policy of expansion of land for farming, so let's elaborate on that a little.
- It was called Supreme Decree 3973 - http://gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo/normas/buscar/3973 , a mandate to further beef production in the Amazon region.
- However, this Supreme Decree only extends the authorized but regulated use of fire already legal in Santa Cruz to the Beni Department, where forest fire issues are not a significant issue - https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bolivia-wildfires/with-wildfires-raging-bolivia-seeks-help-from-supertanker-plane-idUSKCN1VC2EG
- By September 9, total forests that had been affected by fires in Bolivia was estimated as 1,700 thousand hectares (4.2 million acres), more than double from estimates two weeks prior, but far less extended than the forest fires that occurred in 2004 and 2010.
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