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  1. Computer History
  2. Year/Enter  Computer History
  3. Inventors/Inventions    Computer History
  4. Description of Event
  5. 1936    Konrad Zuse - Z1 Computer   First freely programmable computer.
  6. 1942    John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
  7. ABC Computer    Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
  8. 1944    Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
  9. Harvard Mark I Computer The Harvard Mark 1 computer.
  10. 1946    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  11. ENIAC 1 Computer    20,000 vacuum tubes later...
  12. 1948
  13. Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn
  14. Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams Tube    Baby and the Williams Tube turn on the memories.
  15. 1947/48 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley
  16. The Transistor  No, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
  17. 1951    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  18. UNIVAC Computer First commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.
  19. 1953    International Business Machines
  20. IBM 701 EDPM Computer   IBM enters into 'The History of Computers'.
  21.  
  22. 1954    John Backus & IBM  
  23. FORTRAN Computer Programming Language   The first successful high level programming language.
  24. 1955
  25. (In Use 1959)   Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America,  and General Electric
  26. ERMA and MICR   The first bank industry computer - also MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) for reading checks.
  27. 1958    Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  28. The Integrated Circuit  Otherwise known as 'The Chip'
  29. 1962    Steve Russell & MIT
  30. Spacewar Computer Game  The first computer game invented.
  31. 1964    Douglas Engelbart
  32. Computer Mouse & Windows    Nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end.
  33. 1969    ARPAnet The original Internet.
  34. 1970    Intel 1103 Computer Memory  The world's first available dynamic RAM chip.
  35. 1971    Faggin, Hoff & Mazor
  36. Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor  The first microprocessor.
  37. 1971    Alan Shugart &IBM
  38. The "Floppy" Disk   Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
  39. 1973    Robert Metcalfe & Xerox
  40. The Ethernet Computer Networking    Networking.
  41. 1974/75 Scelbi  & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 Computers    The first consumer computers.
  42. 1976/77 Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet Computers  More first consumer computers.
  43.  
  44. 1978    Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston
  45. VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software   Any product that pays for itself in two weeks is a surefire winner.
  46. 1979    Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby
  47. WordStar Software   Word Processors.
  48. 1981    IBM
  49. The IBM PC - Home Computer  From an "Acorn" grows a personal computer revolution
  50. 1981    Microsoft
  51. MS-DOS Computer Operating System    From "Quick And Dirty" comes the operating system of the century.
  52. 1983    Apple Lisa Computer The first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
  53. 1984    Apple Macintosh Computer    The more affordable home computer with a GUI.
  54. 1985    Microsoft Windows   Microsoft begins the friendly war with Apple.
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