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Diversity

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  1. “diversity is strenght” debunked
  2.  
  3. The effects of skin tone on race-related amygdala
  4. activity: an fMRI investigation
  5. http://scan.oxfordjournals.org/content/2/1/39.full.pdf
  6.  
  7. https://pastebin.com/8KzwzHkE
  8.  
  9. Ethnic identity gives teens daily happiness boost
  10. http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2006-10/wfu-eig102006.html
  11. https://web.archive.org/web/20141011215233/http://psychcentral.com/news/archives/2006-10/wfu-eig102006.html
  12.  
  13. Why Doesn’t the United States Have a European-Style Welfare State? (2001)
  14. https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/glaeser/files/why_doesnt_the_u.s._have_a_european-style_welfare_state.pdf
  15. https://web.archive.org/web/20140311165133/https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/glaeser/files/why_doesnt_the_u.s._have_a_european-style_welfare_state.pdf
  16.  
  17. Study Finds That Blacks With Strong Racial Identity Are Happier
  18. http://madamenoire.com/108481/study-finds-that-blacks-with-strong-racial-identity-are-happier/
  19. http://archive.is/srLPu
  20.  
  21. Intergroup Empathy: How Does Race Affect Empathic Neural Responses?
  22. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982210004306
  23. http://archive.is/AbBMk
  24.  
  25. >Even very young children are influenced by the culture around them, the scientists wrote, and studies in the 1980s and 90s found that, when given the choice, children of the same ethnicity preferred to play with one another rather than with kids from different ethnic groups. Unless a child has the rare genetic disorder Williams syndrome [http://www.livescience.com/8189-individuals-rare-disorder-racial-biases.html] http://archive.is/qLTcZ
  26. , these preferences emerge by age 3 or so. The new study of French-Canadian and Asian-Canadian 3- to 5-year-olds finds similar results.
  27. http://www.livescience.com/14837-children-play-ethnicity.html
  28. http://archive.is/RrSC2
  29.  
  30. Racist Babies? Nine-Month-Olds Show Bias When Looking At Faces:
  31. >Adults have more difficulty recognizing faces that belong to people of another race, and this deficit appears to start early.
  32.  
  33. >New research indicates that by the time they are 9 months old, babies are better able to recognize faces [http://www.livescience.com/14879-faces-races-alike.html] http://archive.is/HLcsr
  34. and emotional expressions of people who belong to the group they interact with most, than they are those of people who belong to another race.
  35.  
  36. >"These results suggest that biases in face recognition [http://www.livescience.com/9054-imperfect-brain-cells-gender-biases.html] http://archive.is/KTbuw and perception begin in preverbal infants, well before concepts about race are formed. It is important for us to understand the nature of these biases in order to reduce or eliminate [the biases]," said study researcher Lisa Scott, a psychologist at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in a statement.
  37. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/04/racist-babies-nine-month-olds-bias-faces_n_1477937.html
  38. http://archive.is/PtZh5
  39.  
  40. Ethnic-Racial Socialization Has an Indirect Effect on Self-Esteem for Asian American Emerging Adults
  41. The findings of the present study contribute to the discussion of the role that perceived ethnic-racial socialization plays in Asian Americans’ positive development.
  42. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=17070
  43. https://web.archive.org/web/20120309123959/http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=17070
  44.  
  45. The Most Diverse Cities Are Often The Most Segregated
  46. https://archive.is/lmr7k
  47.  
  48. Perceived ethnic-racial socialization, ethnic identity, and social competence among Asian American late adolescents.
  49. They also found that perceived cultural socialization-pluralism was significantly related to social competence through ethnic identity. Results support the importance of perceived ethnic-racial socialization for Asian American development.
  50. http://www.mendeley.com/research/perceived-ethnic-racial-socialization-ethnic-identity-social-competence-among-asian-american-late-ad/
  51. https://archive.fo/CdoRw
  52.  
  53. Racial socialization—messages about ethnic pride, history, and heritage
  54. Termed racial socialization, race-related messages to children may have important consequences for children’s identity development and well-being.
  55. http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Paper/4844928.aspx
  56.  
  57. Does Ethnic Diversity Have a Negative Effect
  58. on Attitudes towards the Community? A
  59. Longitudinal Analysis of the Causal Claims within
  60. the Ethnic Diversity and Social Cohesion Debate
  61. https://t.co/LadVblYGV4?amp=1
  62. http://archive.is/DG3Z8
  63.  
  64. Ethnic diversity in neighborhoods and individual trust
  65. of immigrants and natives:
  66. A replication of Putnam (2007) in a West-European
  67. country.
  68. https://t.co/PwIU8WsndF?amp=1
  69.  
  70. Race, Belonging, and Participation in Religious Congregations
  71. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jssr.12073/abstract#
  72. https://archive.fo/E8h0G
  73.  
  74. Shared ethnicity effects on service encounters: A study across three U.S. subcultures
  75. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0148296311002888
  76. https://archive.fo/tmhOH
  77.  
  78. THE COSTS OF ETHNIC DIVERSITY WITH GARETT JONES
  79. http://economicsdetective.com/2016/07/costs-ethnic-diversity-garett-jones/
  80. https://archive.fo/0rlS4
  81.  
  82. Trust in a Time of Increasing Diversity: On the Relationship between Ethnic Heterogeneity and Social Trust in Denmark from 1979 until Today
  83. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9477.2012.00289.x/abstract
  84. https://archive.fo/c38k9
  85.  
  86. Predicting Cross-National Levels of Social Trust: Global Pattern or Nordic Exceptionalism?
  87. https://academic.oup.com/esr/article-abstract/21/4/311/556895
  88. https://archive.fo/9Gco9
  89.  
  90. Ethnic Diversity, Economic and Cultural Contexts, and Social Trust: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Evidence from European Regions, 2002–2010
  91. https://academic.oup.com/sf/article-abstract/93/3/1211/2332107
  92. https://archive.fo/pSNxP
  93.  
  94. Does Ethnic Diversity Have a Negative Effect on Attitudes towards the Community? A Longitudinal Analysis of the Causal Claims within the Ethnic Diversity and Social Cohesion Debate
  95. https://academic.oup.com/esr/article/32/1/54/2404332
  96. https://archive.fo/DG3Z8
  97.  
  98. Effects of Heterogeneity and Homophily on Cooperation
  99. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0190272515612403
  100. https://archive.fo/R2xV7
  101.  
  102. ETHNIC DIVERSITY AND TRUST
  103. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1465-7287.2010.00215.x/abstract
  104. https://archive.fo/rKAIy
  105.  
  106. ETHNIC DIVERSITY AND ITS IMPACT ON COMMUNITY SOCIAL COHESION AND NEIGHBORLY EXCHANGE
  107. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/juaf.12015/abstract
  108. https://archive.fo/uP9Hn
  109.  
  110. School ethnic diversity and White students’ civic attitudes in England
  111. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X14001392
  112. https://archive.fo/kQKsq
  113.  
  114. Is Collective Violence Correlated with Social Pluralism?
  115. https://www.jstor.org/stable/425106?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
  116. https://archive.fo/84Kgr
  117.  
  118. J.P. Rushton’s theory of ethnic nepotism
  119. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886912005569
  120. https://archive.fo/BxkDw
  121.  
  122. The Nature of Conflict
  123. https://www.nber.org/papers/w21079
  124. https://archive.fo/Gjqo9
  125.  
  126. STUDY ASKS: IS A ‘BETTER WORLD’ POSSIBLE?
  127. http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2013/study-asks-is-a-better-world-possible/
  128. https://archive.fo/0Gc6s
  129.  
  130. Melting pot or salad bowl: the formation
  131. of heterogeneous communities
  132. https://t.co/wc0rJD7R5Z?amp=1
  133. https://web.archive.org/web/20160215204141/https://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/wps/WP201530.pdf
  134.  
  135. Does Ethnic Diversity Have a Negative Effect on Attitudes towards the Community? A Longitudinal Analysis of the…
  136. 14 Pages by James Laurence and Lee Bentley
  137. https://www.academia.edu/3479330/Does_Ethnic_Diversity_Have_a_Negative_Effect_on_Attitudes_towards_the_Community_A_Longitudinal_Analysis_of_the_Causal_Claims_within_the_Ethnic_Diversity_and_Social_Cohesion_Debate
  138.  
  139. http://ose.utsc.utoronto.ca/ose/story.php?id=2135
  140. https://archive.fo/ftb8e
  141. "Previous research shows people are less likely to feel connected to people outside their own ethnic groups, and we wanted to know why,"
  142. says Gutsell. "What we found is that there is a basic difference in the way peoples' brains react to those from other ethnic backgrounds."
  143.  
  144. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Salter#Diversity_research
  145. https://archive.fo/E6wxA
  146. "More ethnically homogeneous nations are better able to build public goods, are more democratic, less corrupt, have higher productivity
  147. and less inequality, are more trusting and care more for the disadvantaged, develop social and economic capital faster, have lower crime
  148. rates, are more resistant to external shocks, and are better global citizens, for example by giving more foreign aid. Moreover, they are
  149. less prone to civil war, the greatest source of violent death in the twentieth century."
  150.  
  151. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0095660
  152. https://archive.fo/nt3uW
  153. "Our analysis shows that peace does not depend on integrated coexistance, but rather on well defined topographical and political
  154. boundaries separating groups"
  155.  
  156. http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2013/study-asks-is-a-better-world-possible/
  157. https://archive.fo/0Gc6s
  158. "Policymakers have attempted to create communities where a diverse group of residents not only live close to one other but also
  159. interact freely - in other words, neighborhoods that are both integrated and socially cohesive."
  160. "The most integrated a neighborhood is, the less socially cohesive it becomes, and vice versa."
  161. "It's not that local leaders and policymakers aren't trying hard enough. Rather, we now think it's because the goals of integration
  162. and cohesion are just not compatible with each other."
  163.  
  164. http://www.boston.com/news/globe/ideas/articles/2007/08/05/the_downside_of_diversity/?page=full
  165. https://archive.fo/rfeBn
  166. "...the greater the diversity in a community, the fewer people vote and the less they volunteer, the less they give to charity and work on community projects.
  167. In the most diverse communities, neighbors trust one another about half as much as they do in the most homogeneous settings... virtually all measures of civic health
  168. are lower in more diverse settings."
  169.  
  170. http://www.city-journal.org/html/eon2007-06-25jl.html
  171. https://archive.fo/fbPSm
  172.  
  173. "In conclusion, the totality of evidence clearly shows that ethnic diversity damages how well people get along,
  174. how much they trust one another, and how satisfied they are with their lives. These findings should be kept in
  175. mind when thinking about any form of racial diversity, regardless of the races involved."
  176.  
  177. "It has been shown that across Africa, areas with the highest concentrations of different ethnic and religious groups tend to be the areas with a history of the highest conflict, this being one of the classic pieces of evidence for 'realistic group conflict theory' (Sherif and Sherif, 1953; Struch and Schwartz, 1989)."
  178. https://books.google.com/books?id=fAdR6ufr8NsC&pg=PA261
  179. https://web.archive.org/web/20180224154130/https://books.google.com/books?id=fAdR6ufr8NsC&pg=PA261#v=onepage&q&f=false
  180.  
  181. This paper looked at diversity and social capital across 40 regions in the US. After controlling for poverty,
  182. crime, ect, it found that the more diverse a community was the less trust residents reported having in their
  183. neighbors, the less people trusted local government and media, the less people voted, the less people gave to
  184. charity, the less people worked on community projects, the fewer friends people had, and the less happy and
  185. satisfied with their lives people were.
  186. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9477.2007.00176.x/abstract
  187. https://archive.fo/BoqhJ
  188.  
  189. This study looked at 75K people across nearly 400 congregations. It found that being a member of the dominant
  190. racial group of the congregation predicted a greater sense of belonging in the church, having more friends in
  191. the church, and participating in more church activities.
  192. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131212100225.htm
  193. https://archive.fo/MxDp4
  194.  
  195. This study looked at over 5000 African american and Latino seniors and found that those seniors who lived in
  196. areas with many people who shared their ethnicity were much less likely to have cancer or heart problems.
  197. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121018162205.htm
  198. https://archive.fo/NAiqL
  199.  
  200. This study looked at "own group density" and mental health. It found that a 10% drop in own group density
  201. (the proportion of the population that is a person's race) was associated with a 7% increase in psychotic
  202. experiences and an increase in social adversity.
  203. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/201/4/282.abstract?etoc
  204. https://archive.fo/6VaO7
  205.  
  206. This study showed that 3 months olds, but not new borns, strongly prefer to look at faces of their own ethnic
  207. group.
  208.  
  209. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2566511/pdf/nihms-69295.pdf
  210. https://web.archive.org/web/20180224154447/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2566511/pdf/nihms-69295.pdf
  211.  
  212. By 9 months babies can tell faces apart more easily when they are of their race and can empathize with faces
  213. more easily when they are of their own race
  214. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-05-infants-year.html
  215. https://archive.fo/a3asw
  216.  
  217. Causal effect of intergroup contact on exclusionary attitudes
  218. http://www.pnas.org/content/111/10/3699
  219. https://archive.fo/wJsYW
  220.  
  221. Diversity and
  222. Community in the Twenty-first Century
  223. https://t.co/7VMpk0jSM9?amp=1
  224. https://web.archive.org/web/20180309195623/http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.515.6374&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  225.  
  226. Good Fences: The Importance of Setting Boundaries for Peaceful Coexistence
  227. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0095660
  228. https://archive.fo/KnJeF
  229.  
  230. Ethnic Diversity and Social Trust
  231. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0003122415577989
  232. https://archive.fo/ulpTc
  233.  
  234. https://www.pastespot.com/AprBz7dR/for-le-snek
  235.  
  236. http://en.metapedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_heterogeneity#Ethnic_conflicts
  237. https://archive.fo/TF1ec
  238.  
  239. Feeling Good, Happy, and Proud: A Meta-Analysis of Positive Ethnic–Racial Affect and Adjustment
  240. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.12175/full
  241. https://archive.fo/YTkhF
  242.  
  243. Research: Human friendships based on genetic similarities beyond the superficial
  244. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/research-human-friendships-based-on-genetic-similarities-beyond-the-superficial/2014/07/14/8aea04fe-0ab5-11e4-8c9a-923ecc0c7d23_story.html
  245. https://archive.fo/1Pgrf
  246.  
  247. Human brain recognizes and reacts to race, UTSC researchers discover
  248. http://ose.utsc.utoronto.ca/ose/story.php?id=2135
  249. https://web.archive.org/web/20131031212616/http://ose.utsc.utoronto.ca/ose/story.php?id=2135
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