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- Pregnancy is a state where an offspring develops inside woman. A healthy pregnancy lasts about 280 days or 40 weeks.
- One of the most common symptoms of being pregnant is missing period. Other minor symptoms include nausea, bloating, feeling tired and peeing more than usual.
- Pregnancy usually occurs when a penis penetrates vagina and ejaculates while being inside. However, a woman can also be pregnant even without an insertion with a small chance. Biologically, when a sperm, which builds up in testicles of a man meets up with an egg, egg becomes fertilized and that is, when the pregnancy starts. Identical twins occur when this fertilized egg gets separated into two so-called “embryos“. These two embryos are identical, because they both have the same DNA. Pregnancy usually starts within 2 – 3 weeks after having sex.
- Confirmation of pregnancy can be done in several ways. The most common and reliable way is to take a pregnancy test by collecting pee after 5 – 10 days after missing period. More precise test of pregnancy can be done by a doctor.
- Contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy. Contraception prevents sperm and egg to meet each other and stops egg production. This process is free for most people in UK.
- There are multiple ways of preventing pregnancy, both permanent and temporal.
- For preventing pregnancy temporarily, hormonal methods or barrier methods can be used. Hormonal methods include taking pills, injection and an implant. Barrier methods are more common, as it is easier to process. Condom is one of them and is the only form of contraception which also prevents STI. Poor usage/understanding of condoms may result into tearing apart.
- There is also a way of not getting pregnant after having sex without protection, also known as “Emergency Contraception”. However, this method is only effective if you are an average weight. One of its method, also known as emergency contraception pill, which is also one of the most common method, is only effective for up to five days after having unprotected sex and the sooner you take, the better. This method is not recommended for most of the pregnant women, as it has a risk of lifelong danger.
- Options in case of pregnancy in Germany
- Abortion is an act of “cancelling” a baby while being pregnant. According to the German constitution, abortion is considered as illegal. However, there are still a lot of people who takes an abortion without threat of punishment. This is still controversial as of right now, as some people say that it should totally be illegal. There’s even an ongoing campaign against abortion.
- Abortion must be self-determined by the pregnant woman. Abortion can only take place within 12 weeks of realization of pregnancy with a cost of 350 to 600 euros. This procedure must be performed by a doctor after consultation. However, there are also other minor conditions which the pregnant woman has to meet in order to proceed.
- Operation of abortion can take place without consultation if the pregnant woman is in danger or if the woman is criminally forcefully pregnant (raped).
- Abortion procedure can be done surgically and medically. Medical abortion is usually done by taking abortion pills in the early stages of pregnancy. Pregnancy after 63 days, but still under 12 weeks can be terminated through surgical abortion. Surgical abortion can also be done after 12 weeks, although it’s going to be much bigger one and is not recommended for the most of the people.
- Giving your child out for adoption is also an option if you’re unwillingly pregnant.
- Teenage Pregnancy
- Sexual relations between teenagers are much more common now, hence the increase of teenage pregnancy.
- Teenagers are at a higher risk while being pregnant and may affect baby critically. Teenage mothers have a chance of pregnancy-related high blood pressure and becoming anemic. Anemia is a reduction of red blood cells, which causes weakness, and affect development of your baby negatively.
- Teenage pregnancy might also influence the teenage mother emotionally. When not talking to anyone nor getting help, teenage mother might feel isolated, depressed and pessimistic. Many teenage mothers drop out of school, without completing their education. There’s a high probability that the mother might face financial problems even after giving a birth successfully.
- Teenage mothers are more likely to give birth to premature babies, meaning a baby is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy (a healthy pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks). Premature babies also tends to be underweight, which makes them more vulnerable to diseases and might have trouble breathing. Underweight babies might also have issues with brain development. They have been observed to have learning difficulties.
- Babies who are born by teenage mothers can have social issues when they’re grown up. Not only some of their dysfunctionality of learning affects their school life, but also they’re likely to get bullied by other kids, as they don’t have a “normal” family.
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