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  1. sudo apt-get update
  2. sudo apt-get install vsftpd
  3. sudo cp /etc/vsftpd.conf /etc/vsftpd.conf.orig
  4. sudo ufw status
  5.  
  6. Output
  7. Status: active
  8.  
  9. To Action  From
  10. -- ------  ----
  11. OpenSSH ALLOW   Anywhere
  12. OpenSSH (v6)   ALLOW   Anywhere (v6)
  13.  
  14. sudo ufw allow 20/tcp
  15. sudo ufw allow 21/tcp
  16. sudo ufw allow 990/tcp
  17. sudo ufw allow 40000:50000/tcp
  18. sudo ufw status
  19.  
  20. Output
  21. Status: active
  22.  
  23. To                         Action      From
  24. --                         ------      ----
  25. OpenSSH                    ALLOW       Anywhere
  26. 990/tcp                    ALLOW       Anywhere
  27. 20/tcp                     ALLOW       Anywhere
  28. 21/tcp                     ALLOW       Anywhere
  29. 40000:50000/tcp            ALLOW       Anywhere
  30. OpenSSH (v6)               ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  31. 20/tcp (v6)                ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  32. 21/tcp (v6)                ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  33. 990/tcp (v6)               ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  34. 40000:50000/tcp (v6)       ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  35.  
  36.  
  37. sudo adduser samp01
  38.  
  39.  
  40. sudo mkdir /home/samp01/ftp
  41. sudo chown nobody:nogroup /home/samp01/ftp
  42. sudo chmod a-w /home/samp01/ftp
  43.  
  44. sudo ls -la /home/samp01/ftp
  45.  
  46.  
  47.  
  48. Output
  49. total 8
  50. 4 dr-xr-xr-x  2 nobody nogroup 4096 Aug 24 21:29 .
  51. 4 drwxr-xr-x 3 samp01  samp01   4096 Aug 24 21:29 ..
  52.  
  53.  
  54.  
  55. sudo mkdir /home/samp01/ftp/files
  56. sudo chown samp01:samp01 /home/samp01/ftp/files
  57.  
  58.  
  59. sudo ls -la /home/samp01/ftp
  60.  
  61.  
  62. Output
  63. total 12
  64. dr-xr-xr-x 3 nobody nogroup 4096 Aug 26 14:01 .
  65. drwxr-xr-x 3 samp01  samp01   4096 Aug 26 13:59 ..
  66. drwxr-xr-x 2 samp01  samp01   4096 Aug 26 14:01 files
  67.  
  68.  
  69.  
  70. echo "vsftpd test file" | sudo tee /home/samp01/ftp/files/test.txt
  71.  
  72.  
  73. sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
  74.  
  75. . . .
  76. # Allow anonymous FTP? (Disabled by default).
  77. anonymous_enable=NO
  78. #
  79. # Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
  80. local_enable=YES
  81. . . .
  82.  
  83.  
  84. . . .
  85. write_enable=YES
  86. . . .
  87.  
  88.  
  89. . . .
  90. chroot_local_user=YES
  91. . . .
  92.  
  93.  
  94.  
  95.  
  96. user_sub_token=$USER
  97. local_root=/home/$USER/ftp
  98.  
  99.  
  100.  
  101. pasv_min_port=40000
  102. pasv_max_port=50000
  103.  
  104.  
  105.  
  106. userlist_enable=YES
  107. userlist_file=/etc/vsftpd.userlist
  108. userlist_deny=NO
  109.  
  110.  
  111. echo "samp01" | sudo tee -a /etc/vsftpd.userlist
  112.  
  113.  
  114. cat /etc/vsftpd.userlist
  115.  
  116.  
  117. Output
  118. samp01
  119.  
  120.  
  121. sudo systemctl restart vsftpd
  122.  
  123.  
  124.  
  125.  
  126. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  127.  
  128.  
  129. Output
  130. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  131. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  132. Name (203.0.113.0:default): anonymous
  133. 530 Permission denied.
  134. ftp: Login failed.
  135. ftp>
  136.  
  137. ftp>bye
  138.  
  139. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  140.  
  141.  
  142.  
  143. Output
  144. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  145. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  146. Name (203.0.113.0:default): sudo_user
  147. 530 Permission denied.
  148. ftp: Login failed.
  149. ftp>
  150.  
  151. ftp> bye
  152.  
  153. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  154.  
  155.  
  156. Output
  157. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  158. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  159. Name (203.0.113.0:default): samp01
  160. 331 Please specify the password.
  161. Password: your_user's_password
  162. 230 Login successful.
  163. Remote system type is UNIX.
  164. Using binary mode to transfer files.
  165. ftp>
  166.  
  167. cd files
  168. get test.txt
  169.  
  170.  
  171. Output
  172. 227 Entering Passive Mode (203,0,113,0,169,12).
  173. 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for test.txt (16 bytes).
  174. 226 Transfer complete.
  175. 16 bytes received in 0.0101 seconds (1588 bytes/s)
  176. ftp>
  177.  
  178.  
  179. ftp> put test.txt upload.txt
  180.  
  181.  
  182.  
  183.  
  184. Output
  185. 227 Entering Passive Mode (203,0,113,0,164,71).
  186. 150 Ok to send data.
  187. 226 Transfer complete.
  188. 16 bytes sent in 0.000894 seconds (17897 bytes/s)
  189.  
  190.  
  191.  
  192. ftp>bye
  193.  
  194.  
  195. sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
  196.  
  197. Output
  198. Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key
  199. ............................................................................+++
  200. ...........+++
  201. writing new private key to '/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem'
  202. -----
  203. You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
  204. into your certificate request.
  205. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
  206. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
  207. For some fields there will be a default value,
  208. If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
  209. -----
  210. Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US
  211. State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:NY
  212. Locality Name (eg, city) []:New York City
  213. Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:DigitalOcean
  214. Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:
  215. Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:
  216. Email Address []:
  217.  
  218.  
  219. sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
  220.  
  221.  
  222. rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
  223. # rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
  224.  
  225.  
  226. rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
  227. rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
  228.  
  229.  
  230. ssl_enable=YES
  231.  
  232.  
  233. allow_anon_ssl=NO
  234. force_local_data_ssl=YES
  235. force_local_logins_ssl=YES
  236.  
  237.  
  238. ssl_tlsv1=YES
  239. ssl_sslv2=NO
  240. ssl_sslv3=NO
  241.  
  242.  
  243.  
  244. require_ssl_reuse=NO
  245. ssl_ciphers=HIGH
  246.  
  247.  
  248.  
  249.  
  250. sudo systemctl restart vsftpd
  251.  
  252.  
  253.  
  254. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  255. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  256. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  257. Name (203.0.113.0:default): samp01
  258. 530 Non-anonymous sessions must use encryption.
  259. ftp: Login failed.
  260. 421 Service not available, remote server has closed connection
  261. ftp>
  262.  
  263.  
  264.  
  265.  
  266. sudo nano /bin/ftponly
  267.  
  268.  
  269.  
  270. #!/bin/sh
  271. echo "This account is limited to FTP access only."
  272.  
  273.  
  274. sudo nano /etc/shells
  275.  
  276.  
  277.  
  278. . . .
  279. /bin/ftponly
  280.  
  281.  
  282. sudo usermod samp01 -s /bin/ftponly
  283.  
  284.  
  285. ssh samp01@203.0.113.0
  286.  
  287.  
  288. Output
  289. This account is limited to FTP access only.
  290. Connection to 203.0.113.0 closed.
  291.  
  292.  
  293. sudo chmod a+x /bin/ftponly
  294. sudo apt-get update
  295. sudo apt-get install vsftpd
  296. sudo cp /etc/vsftpd.conf /etc/vsftpd.conf.orig
  297. sudo ufw status
  298.  
  299. Output
  300. Status: active
  301.  
  302. To Action  From
  303. -- ------  ----
  304. OpenSSH ALLOW   Anywhere
  305. OpenSSH (v6)   ALLOW   Anywhere (v6)
  306.  
  307. sudo ufw allow 20/tcp
  308. sudo ufw allow 21/tcp
  309. sudo ufw allow 990/tcp
  310. sudo ufw allow 40000:50000/tcp
  311. sudo ufw status
  312.  
  313. Output
  314. Status: active
  315.  
  316. To                         Action      From
  317. --                         ------      ----
  318. OpenSSH                    ALLOW       Anywhere
  319. 990/tcp                    ALLOW       Anywhere
  320. 20/tcp                     ALLOW       Anywhere
  321. 21/tcp                     ALLOW       Anywhere
  322. 40000:50000/tcp            ALLOW       Anywhere
  323. OpenSSH (v6)               ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  324. 20/tcp (v6)                ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  325. 21/tcp (v6)                ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  326. 990/tcp (v6)               ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  327. 40000:50000/tcp (v6)       ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  328.  
  329.  
  330. sudo adduser samp01
  331.  
  332.  
  333. sudo mkdir /home/samp01/ftp
  334. sudo chown nobody:nogroup /home/samp01/ftp
  335. sudo chmod a-w /home/samp01/ftp
  336.  
  337. sudo ls -la /home/samp01/ftp
  338.  
  339.  
  340.  
  341. Output
  342. total 8
  343. 4 dr-xr-xr-x  2 nobody nogroup 4096 Aug 24 21:29 .
  344. 4 drwxr-xr-x 3 samp01  samp01   4096 Aug 24 21:29 ..
  345.  
  346.  
  347.  
  348. sudo mkdir /home/samp01/ftp/files
  349. sudo chown samp01:samp01 /home/samp01/ftp/files
  350.  
  351.  
  352. sudo ls -la /home/samp01/ftp
  353.  
  354.  
  355. Output
  356. total 12
  357. dr-xr-xr-x 3 nobody nogroup 4096 Aug 26 14:01 .
  358. drwxr-xr-x 3 samp01  samp01   4096 Aug 26 13:59 ..
  359. drwxr-xr-x 2 samp01  samp01   4096 Aug 26 14:01 files
  360.  
  361.  
  362.  
  363. echo "vsftpd test file" | sudo tee /home/samp01/ftp/files/test.txt
  364.  
  365.  
  366. sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
  367.  
  368. . . .
  369. # Allow anonymous FTP? (Disabled by default).
  370. anonymous_enable=NO
  371. #
  372. # Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
  373. local_enable=YES
  374. . . .
  375.  
  376.  
  377. . . .
  378. write_enable=YES
  379. . . .
  380.  
  381.  
  382. . . .
  383. chroot_local_user=YES
  384. . . .
  385.  
  386.  
  387.  
  388.  
  389. user_sub_token=$USER
  390. local_root=/home/$USER/ftp
  391.  
  392.  
  393.  
  394. pasv_min_port=40000
  395. pasv_max_port=50000
  396.  
  397.  
  398.  
  399. userlist_enable=YES
  400. userlist_file=/etc/vsftpd.userlist
  401. userlist_deny=NO
  402.  
  403.  
  404. echo "samp01" | sudo tee -a /etc/vsftpd.userlist
  405.  
  406.  
  407. cat /etc/vsftpd.userlist
  408.  
  409.  
  410. Output
  411. samp01
  412.  
  413.  
  414. sudo systemctl restart vsftpd
  415.  
  416.  
  417.  
  418.  
  419. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  420.  
  421.  
  422. Output
  423. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  424. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  425. Name (203.0.113.0:default): anonymous
  426. 530 Permission denied.
  427. ftp: Login failed.
  428. ftp>
  429.  
  430. ftp>bye
  431.  
  432. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  433.  
  434.  
  435.  
  436. Output
  437. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  438. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  439. Name (203.0.113.0:default): sudo_user
  440. 530 Permission denied.
  441. ftp: Login failed.
  442. ftp>
  443.  
  444. ftp> bye
  445.  
  446. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  447.  
  448.  
  449. Output
  450. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  451. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  452. Name (203.0.113.0:default): samp01
  453. 331 Please specify the password.
  454. Password: your_user's_password
  455. 230 Login successful.
  456. Remote system type is UNIX.
  457. Using binary mode to transfer files.
  458. ftp>
  459.  
  460. cd files
  461. get test.txt
  462.  
  463.  
  464. Output
  465. 227 Entering Passive Mode (203,0,113,0,169,12).
  466. 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for test.txt (16 bytes).
  467. 226 Transfer complete.
  468. 16 bytes received in 0.0101 seconds (1588 bytes/s)
  469. ftp>
  470.  
  471.  
  472. ftp> put test.txt upload.txt
  473.  
  474.  
  475.  
  476.  
  477. Output
  478. 227 Entering Passive Mode (203,0,113,0,164,71).
  479. 150 Ok to send data.
  480. 226 Transfer complete.
  481. 16 bytes sent in 0.000894 seconds (17897 bytes/s)
  482.  
  483.  
  484.  
  485. ftp>bye
  486.  
  487.  
  488. sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
  489.  
  490. Output
  491. Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key
  492. ............................................................................+++
  493. ...........+++
  494. writing new private key to '/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem'
  495. -----
  496. You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
  497. into your certificate request.
  498. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
  499. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
  500. For some fields there will be a default value,
  501. If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
  502. -----
  503. Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US
  504. State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:NY
  505. Locality Name (eg, city) []:New York City
  506. Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:DigitalOcean
  507. Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:
  508. Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:
  509. Email Address []:
  510.  
  511.  
  512. sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
  513.  
  514.  
  515. rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
  516. # rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
  517.  
  518.  
  519. rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
  520. rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
  521.  
  522.  
  523. ssl_enable=YES
  524.  
  525.  
  526. allow_anon_ssl=NO
  527. force_local_data_ssl=YES
  528. force_local_logins_ssl=YES
  529.  
  530.  
  531. ssl_tlsv1=YES
  532. ssl_sslv2=NO
  533. ssl_sslv3=NO
  534.  
  535.  
  536.  
  537. require_ssl_reuse=NO
  538. ssl_ciphers=HIGH
  539.  
  540.  
  541.  
  542.  
  543. sudo systemctl restart vsftpd
  544.  
  545.  
  546.  
  547. ftp -p 203.0.113.0
  548. Connected to 203.0.113.0.
  549. 220 (vsFTPd 3.0.3)
  550. Name (203.0.113.0:default): samp01
  551. 530 Non-anonymous sessions must use encryption.
  552. ftp: Login failed.
  553. 421 Service not available, remote server has closed connection
  554. ftp>
  555.  
  556.  
  557.  
  558.  
  559. sudo nano /bin/ftponly
  560.  
  561.  
  562.  
  563. #!/bin/sh
  564. echo "This account is limited to FTP access only."
  565.  
  566.  
  567. sudo nano /etc/shells
  568.  
  569.  
  570.  
  571. . . .
  572. /bin/ftponly
  573.  
  574.  
  575. sudo usermod samp01 -s /bin/ftponly
  576.  
  577.  
  578. ssh samp01@203.0.113.0
  579.  
  580.  
  581. Output
  582. This account is limited to FTP access only.
  583. Connection to 203.0.113.0 closed.
  584.  
  585.  
  586. sudo chmod a+x /bin/ftponly
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