a guest Jun 18th, 2019 91 Never
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- Q1: Are training bonds legal?
- A1: Yes, they are legal and enforceable.
- Q2: I am a contractual employee. Can I be regularized?
- A2: As a general rule, no. There are some jurisprudence, however, stating that continuously hired contractual employees can become regularized.
- Q3: Can I change my surname?
- A3: As a general rule, no, not without a court order. Married women, you can use (1) your maiden name (Jane Doe), (2) your surname appended by your husband's surname (Jane Doe-Smith), your first name and then your husband's surname (Jane Smith), or a 'Mrs.' and then your husband's name (Mrs. John Smith). You can use all four without court order but take note that once you start using one in an application, you cannot change willy-nilly with regard to such application. So if you start using 'Jane Doe' in your passport application, you cannot just change and start writing 'Jane Smith' in response to travel documents.
- Q4: I am an illegitimate child. Can I use my father's surname?
- A4: Yes, provided you are expressly recognized by your father. (RA 9255)
- Q5: Can I change my first name?
- A5: Yes. Administratively, if it is typographical or otherwise absurd/weird/unpronunceable. Judicially, otherwise.
- Q5: Small claims. What is it?
- A5: It's a summary (i.e, fast) hearing on small claims, small being below P400,000. As a general rule, you just have to fill up pro forma complaints in cases of small calaims.
- Q6: Am I liable for my parents' debts?
- A6: As a general rule, no.
- Q7: Is my inheritance liable for parents' debts?
- A7: Technically, no, as your inheritance already excludes that paid to your parents' debts. Properly speaking, your parents' estates are liable for their debts.
- Q8: My neighbor is smelly/loud/annoying. Anything that I can do?
- A8: Sequentially, go to the neighborhood association, the barangay, the police, then the courts.
- Q9: I am a Filipino spouse. I am now a naturalized foreigner. Can I get a divorce and will Philippines honor it?
- A9: If the foreign state allows it, we will honor it.
- Q10: Disciplinary proceedings with CCTV footage evidence, is that legal?
- Q11: I have a huge debt that I cannot repay right now. What do I do?
- A11: Send a letter requesting for leniency and suggest a payment plan. Collection agencies love a slow-paying customer than a costly litigation. Do not sign checks though. They can prosecute you for Bouncing Checks Law. Just draft a promissory note.
- Q12: I received a letter from a collection agency. Should I be afraid?
- A12: As a general rule, don't be. Threatening letters are just ink on paper.
- Q13: Universal Health Care / First-Time Jobseekers Law / Mental Health Act, enforceable now?
- A13: Aside from the Mental Health Act, no IRR yet on those other laws.
- Q14: Minors - can they draft contracts?
- A14: Contracts by minors are voidable (valid until annulled). There is jurisprudence, however, stating that the minor cannot hide behind his minority for cases of estoppel.
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