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  1. The 1917 Army Intelligence Test (AIT) and the Mensa Workout Test (MWT) both show a clear bias towards pre-existing knowledge over problem-solving skills.  The AIT, for instance, assumes a strong familiarity with white American upper-class culture.  For many recruits of the time period - even those born in America! - pictures of a phonograph, bowling alley, and tennis court might be somewhat foreign concepts.  Other pictures were vague, with correctness left up to the judgment of the examiner.  Since the AIT is built on so much subjective comprehension, it is probably not a very accurate measure of intelligence.
  3. Despite the innate flaws to the the Mensa Workout Test, it still hits closer to the mark of what a true intelligence test should be.  The MWT contains more general mathematical, problem solving, and pattern recognition questions. However, while cultural biases are much less of an issue, the test still assumes that the test takers have a sufficient knowledge of mathematics and an outstanding vocabulary. Test takers can definitely benefit from a proper education that many students, regardless of their abilities, fail to receive.
  5. If the Mensa test is any indication of most I.Q. testing taking place in current research, then any researchers claiming to be able to show innate racial and ethnic differences in intelligence don’t have a leg to stand on. There are simply too many environmental factors to weigh when testing intelligence, especially when considering the very real problem of social inequality present between races, ethnicities, and social classes.  If one is set to prove a difference in intelligence between two disparate groups,  then the goal must be a test exempt of any educational requirements.
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