SHARE
TWEET

Diversity + Proximity = War

maxred Jan 25th, 2018 (edited) 5,461 Never
Not a member of Pastebin yet? Sign Up, it unlocks many cool features!
  1. Diversity + Proximity = War
  2.  
  3. – Social trust is negatively affected by ethnic diversity, case study in Denmark from 1979 to the present.
  4.  
  5. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9477.2012.00289.x/abstract
  6. https://archive.fo/c38k9
  7.  
  8. – Ethnic homogeneity and Protestant traditions positively impact individual and societal levels of social trust.
  9.  
  10. http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/4/311.short
  11. https://archive.fo/OUyT2
  12.  
  13. – “In longitudinal perspective, [across European regions], an increase in immigration is related to a decrease in social trust.”
  14.  
  15. http://sf.oxfordjournals.org/content/93/3/1211.abstract
  16. https://archive.fo/rmyv4
  17.  
  18. – Immigration undermines the moral imperative of those who most favor welfare benefits for the neediest.
  19.  
  20. http://cos.sagepub.com/content/53/2/120.abstract
  21.  
  22. – The negative effect of community diversity on social cohesion is likely causal.
  23.  
  24. https://academic.oup.com/esr/article/32/1/54/2404332/Does-Ethnic-Diversity-Have-a-Negative-Effect-on
  25. https://archive.fo/g0CW8
  26.  
  27. – In Switzerland, social peace between diverse factions isn’t maintained by integrated coexistence, but rather by strong topographic and political borders that separate groups and allow them autonomy.
  28.  
  29. ://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0095660
  30. https://archive.fo/KnJeF
  31.  
  32. – “Our analysis supports the hypothesis that violence between groups can be inhibited by both physical and political boundaries.”
  33.  
  34. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4939-1705-1_12
  35. https://archive.fo/qHVHR
  36.  
  37. – Diversity hinders between-group cooperation at both the one-on-one and group levels.
  38.  
  39. http://spq.sagepub.com/content/78/4/324.short
  40.  
  41. – The best chance for peace in Syria is better borders (intrastate or through the creation of new states) “suited to current geocultural regions”, and tribal autonomy.
  42.  
  43. http://www.necsi.edu/research/social/syria/syria.pdf
  44. https://web.archive.org/web/20180305235733/http://www.necsi.edu/research/social/syria/syria.pdf
  45.  
  46. – Using data from US states, study finds a negative relationship between ethnic polarization and trust.
  47.  
  48. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1465-7287.2010.00215.x/abstract
  49. https://archive.fo/rKAIy
  50.  
  51. – Diversity is associated with more White support for nationalist parties, except at the local level where large immigrant populations cut into vote totals for nationalist parties.
  52.  
  53. http://sf.oxfordjournals.org/content/92/1/249
  54. https://archive.fo/A2qtb
  55.  
  56. – In Australia, ethnic diversity lowers social cohesion and increases “hunkering”, providing support for Putnam’s thesis finding the same results in the US.
  57.  
  58. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/juaf.12015/abstract
  59. https://archive.fo/uP9Hn
  60.  
  61. – After controlling for a self-selection bias, study finds that ethnic diversity in English schools reduces trust in same-age people and does not make White British students more inclusive in their attitudes towards immigrants.
  62.  
  63. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X14001392
  64. https://archive.fo/kQKsq
  65.  
  66. – In Germany, residential diversity reduces natives’ trust in neighbors, while it also reduces immigrants’ trust but through a different pathway.
  67.  
  68. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X1400074X
  69. https://archive.fo/yEnnr
  70.  
  71. – Increasing social pluralism (diversity) is correlated with increased chance of collective violence.
  72.  
  73. https://www.jstor.org/stable/425106?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
  74. https://archive.fo/84Kgr
  75.  
  76. – “[E]thnic heterogeneity [diversity] explains 55% of the variation in the scale of ethnic conflicts, and the results of regression analysis disclose that the same relationship more or less applies to all 187 countries. … [E]thnic nepotism is the common cross-cultural background factor which supports the persistence of ethnic conflicts in the world as long as there are ethnically divided societies.”
  77.  
  78. http://www.scirp.org/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1251240
  79. https://archive.fo/3chLU
  80.  
  81. – Genetic Similarity Theory (GST) could help explain why diverse groups in close proximity increases ethnic conflict and ethnic nepotism.
  82.  
  83. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886912005569
  84. https://archive.fo/BxkDw
  85.  
  86. – Genetic diversity has contributed significantly to frequency of ethnic civil conflict, intensity of social unrest, growth of unshared policy preferences, and economic inequality over the last half-century.
  87.  
  88. https://www.nber.org/papers/w21079
  89. https://archive.fo/Gjqo9
  90.  
  91. – Using social science data and computer modeling, researchers found that policies that attempt to create neighborhoods that are both integrated and socially cohesive are “a lost cause”.
  92.  
  93. http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2013/study-asks-is-a-better-world-possible/
  94. https://archive.fo/0Gc6s
  95.  
  96. – The numbers and the genetic distance matter. Minority groups that get above a certain critical mass, and that are culturally distant from the majority culture, begin to self-segregate from the majority, moving society toward division and away from cooperation.
  97.  
  98. http://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/wps/WP201530.pdf
  99. https://web.archive.org/web/20170208071520/http://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/wps/WP201530.pdf
  100.  
  101. – Using data from Copenhagen school registers, researchers found that native Danes opt out of public schools when the immigrant population concentration hits 35% or more.
  102.  
  103. http://emilkirkegaard.dk/en/wp-content/uploads/School-Choice-Universal-Vouchers-and-Native-Flight-from-Local-Schools.pdf
  104. https://web.archive.org/web/20170105060304/http://emilkirkegaard.dk/en/wp-content/uploads/School-Choice-Universal-Vouchers-and-Native-Flight-from-Local-Schools.pdf
  105.  
  106. – In the most liberal region in the US, San Francisco and surrounding suburbs, White parents are pulling their kids out of public schools that are becoming increasingly asian.
  107.  
  108. http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2005/12/the_new_separate_but_equal.html
  109. https://web.archive.org/web/20180305235801/https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2005/12/the_new_separate_but_equal.html
  110.  
  111. – School integration (forced proximate Diversity) will not close race achievement gaps.
  112.  
  113. http://www.usnews.com/opinion/knowledge-bank/articles/2016-01-08/the-academic-benefit-of-reducing-school-segregation-may-be-overblown
  114. https://web.archive.org/web/20180305235741/https://www.usnews.com/opinion/knowledge-bank/articles/2016-01-08/the-academic-benefit-of-reducing-school-segregation-may-be-overblown
  115.  
  116. – Exclusionary dating is a natural consequence of racial diversity.
  117.  
  118. http://sf.oxfordjournals.org/content/89/3/807
  119. https://archive.fo/oBrci
  120.  
  121. – As diversity increases, politics becomes more tribalistic.
  122.  
  123. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/06/business/economy/racial-identity-and-its-hostilities-return-to-american-politics.html?_r=0
  124. https://archive.fo/Z8YEG
  125.  
  126. – Company diversity policies don’t help minorities or women, and they psychologically discriminate against White men.
  127.  
  128. https://hbr.org/2016/01/diversity-policies-dont-help-women-or-minorities-and-they-make-white-men-feel-threatened
  129. https://archive.fo/apEKx
  130.  
  131. – Greater classroom and neighborhood diversity is linked to stronger tendencies to choose same-ethnic rather than cross-ethnic friends.
  132.  
  133. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jora.12248/abstract
  134. https://web.archive.org/web/20170105060323/http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jora.12248/abstract
  135.  
  136. – A longitudinal test of the impact of diversity finds that it makes existing residents feel unhappier and more socially isolated.
  137.  
  138. https://www.academia.edu/3479330/Does_Ethnic_Diversity_Have_a_Negative_Effect_on_Attitudes_towards_the_Community_A_Longitudinal_Analysis_of_the_Causal_Claims_within_the_Ethnic_Diversity_and_Social_Cohesion_Debate
  139. https://web.archive.org/web/20180306000637/https://www.academia.edu/3479330/Does_Ethnic_Diversity_Have_a_Negative_Effect_on_Attitudes_towards_the_Community_A_Longitudinal_Analysis_of_the_Causal_Claims_within_the_Ethnic_Diversity_and_Social_Cohesion_Debate
  140.  
  141. – Internal dissension stoked by ethnic, social, political, and religious diversity, rather than environmental degradation, caused the collapse of the urbanized Cahokia Indian Tribe.
  142.  
  143. http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.nl/2016/02/internal-dissension-cited-as-reason-for.html
  144. https://archive.fo/bS8Mi
  145.  
  146. – The volunteer participation rate in America hit a record low last year, declining 0.4% from the previous year, and has been declining since 2005. Not coincidentally, the racial composition of America has become more fragmented during the same time.
  147.  
  148. http://freebeacon.com/culture/volunteer-participation-hits-record-low/
  149. https://archive.fo/QqspI
  150.  
  151. – A sense of social cohesion with the people who live around us is as happiness-inducing as love for the place itself.
  152.  
  153. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/is-where-you-belong/201603/can-potluck-make-you-not-want-move
  154. https://archive.fo/aP8dK
  155.  
  156. – Our desire for ‘like-minded others’ is hard-wired.
  157.  
  158. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-02-desire-like-minded-hard-wired.html
  159. https://archive.fo/AIn9E
  160.  
  161. – “The Evolutionary Dominance of Ethnocentric Cooperation”
  162.  
  163. Recent agent-based computer simulations suggest that ethnocentrism, often thought to rely on complex social cognition and learning, may have arisen through biological evolution. From a random start, ethnocentric strategies dominate other possible strategies (selfish, traitorous, and humanitarian) based on cooperation or non-cooperation with in-group and out-group agents. Here we show that ethnocentrism eventually overcomes its closest competitor, humanitarianism, by exploiting humanitarian cooperation across group boundaries as world population saturates.
  164.  
  165. http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/16/3/7.html
  166. https://archive.fo/aVAwz
  167.  
  168. – A wealthy Virginia county that is rapidly racially diversifying is getting poorer and less socially cohesive.
  169.  
  170. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/virginia-news/this-model-of-wealthy-suburban-living-is-starting-to-fray/2016/04/02/e9ad0ace-f107-11e5-a61f-e9c95c06edca_story.html
  171. https://web.archive.org/web/20180222104752/https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/virginia-news/this-model-of-wealthy-suburban-living-is-starting-to-fray/2016/04/02/e9ad0ace-f107-11e5-a61f-e9c95c06edca_story.html
  172.  
  173. – Gender diversity does not promote nonconformity in decision-making bodies. (But individual ability diversity does.)
  174.  
  175. http://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/mnsc.2015.2382
  176. https://web.archive.org/web/20180305235743/https://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/mnsc.2015.2382
  177.  
  178. – High ethnic diversity has a negative effect on innovation, but high “values diversity” has the opposite effect, as long as ethnic diversity is low. The best innovation happens in countries that are ethnically homogenous but diverse in values orientation.
  179.  
  180. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13504851.2015.1130785
  181. https://archive.fo/ZL0gf
  182.  
  183. – Growing racial diversity in Houston is contributing to declining construction standards and aggravating the impact of natural disasters.
  184.  
  185. http://www.amerika.org/politics/the-great-houston-flood-of-2016-and-the-consequences-of-minority-rule/
  186. https://archive.fo/zORTF
  187.  
  188. – As an explanation of recent voting behavior, ethnic origin trumps class differences. “…the political salience of white ethnicity persists, suggesting that ethnic groups do not simply dealign or politically “assimilate” over time.
  189.  
  190. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0962629804000642
  191. https://archive.fo/ebcm2
  192.  
  193. – Globalization and the internet are increasing the proximity of human diversity and consequently increasing mutual animosity as well. “The scholars traced the phenomenon to what they called ‘environmental spoiling.’ The nearer we get to others, the harder it becomes to avoid evidence of their irritating habits. Proximity makes differences stand out.”
  194.  
  195. https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2017/04/21/how-technology-created-global-village-and-put-each-other-throats/pu7MyoAkdyVComb9aKyu6K/story.html
  196. https://archive.fo/WGX7I
RAW Paste Data
We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. OK, I Understand
Not a member of Pastebin yet?
Sign Up, it unlocks many cool features!
 
Top