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  1. Present & Past
  2.   the Matt question
  3. Present perfect and past
  4.   the weather question
  5.   the camera question
  6.   the it ... raining question
  7.   the NY question
  8.   the I wasn't sure who she was question
  9. Future
  10.   the coming to cinema with us question
  11.   the Lucy & phone question
  12.   the exam pass question
  13.   the party inviting question
  14. -ing and to
  15.   Do you want? come (55)
  16.   I'm tired (59)
  17.   I'd rather .... what I said (59)
  18.   looking forward (60)
  19.   Lisa Britain (61)
  20.   point "have" car (63)
  21.   It was nice of you (65)
  22.  
  23. Articles and nouns
  24.   English teacher (71)
  25.   equator (73)
  26.   space (73)
  27.   school (74)
  28.   camera (76)
  29.   Giraffe (76)
  30.   CA/US (77)
  31.   Brazil (77)
  32.   Kremlin (78)
  33.   Museum of Modern Art (78)
  34.   good news (79)
  35.  
  36. Isolating language, Analytic Language, Synthetic language, Fusional language, Agglutinative language, Polysynthetic language
  37.  
  38. [E] most words are uninflected, and inflections are usually amb. (-ed can be past tense, participle, adj.; -s can be plural, present tense; -ing can be participle, adj., n., gerund) so many [E] words have >=1 PoS (e.g. Google ... well this is a very recent addition ...)
  39.  
  40. Dependency Grammar (DG)
  41.  
  42. Part of Speech
  43. Category of words (or lexical items) w/ similiar grammatical properties.
  44. morphological, syntactic, semantic
  45.  
  46. Part of Speech [European Classical, Art of Grammar]
  47. * Verb (verbum) 动词
  48. * Noun (nomen) 名词
  49.     * Substantive (nomen substantivum)
  50.  
  51.       noun of [E]
  52.     * Adjective (nomen adjectivum)
  53.  
  54.       adj. of [E]
  55.     * Numeral (nomen numerale)
  56. * Participle (participium) 分词
  57.     en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Participle
  58.    
  59.     [E] is form of verbs
  60. * Article 冠词?
  61.  
  62.     not in [~L] [~Slav] [~San]
  63. * Pronoun (pronomen) 代词
  64. * Preposition (praepositio) 介词
  65. * Adverb (adverbium)
  66. * Conjunction (conjunctio) 连词
  67. Part of Speech (other)
  68. * Interjection (interjectio) 感叹词 (later addition)
  69. * Adposition 介词 (~~Preposition~~ expanded)
  70.   * Preposition (praepositio) 前置介词
  71.  
  72.     this is the classical "介词" ...
  73.  
  74.     but not in [~Ural]
  75.   * Postposition 后置介词 [Ural]
  76.   * Circumposition 框式介词
  77.  
  78. Part of Speech [Lin]
  79. above classification is very naive ...
  80. Syntactic Category, Lexical Class, Lexical Category, word class & phrasal class
  81.  
  82. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syntactic_category
  83.  
  84. Part of Speech [C]
  85.     zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/汉语词类
  86.  
  87. ---
  88.  
  89. Part of Speech [E]
  90. * Verb (v.) 动词
  91. * Noun (n.) 名词
  92. * Adjective (adj.) 形容词
  93. * Adverb (adv.) 副词
  94. * Pronoun 代词
  95. * Preposition 介词
  96. * Conjunction (conj.) 连词
  97.     en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conjunction_(grammar)
  98. * Interjection 感叹词
  99. * Article 冠词? & Determiner 限定词
  100.     en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_(grammar)
  101.    
  102. * Numeral
  103.   it's complicated ... scattered in other PoSes
  104.   * Cardinal Numeral (n.) (`one`)
  105.   * Collective Numeral (n.) (`dozen`)
  106.   * Ordinal Numeral (adj.) (`first`)
  107.   * Multiplier Numeral (adj.) (`single`)
  108.   * Muplicative Numeral (adv.) (`once`)
  109.   * Distributive Numeral (adv.) (`singly`)
  110.  
  111. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Part_of_speech
  112. zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/詞類
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