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  1.  Chapter 11 Exam
  2.  
  3. In the fifteenth century, a painting process was developed that allowed for a continuous blending of tones and hues on the painting surface (p. 227). What was it?
  4.  Answer
  5.    
  6. oil painting
  7.  
  8.  Question 2
  9. In European fresco painting from the early-Renaissance to the late Baroque, the goal of artists was to:
  10.  Answer
  11.    
  12. create the illusion of real space and realistic figures.
  13.  
  14.  Question 3
  15.  
  16. Paintings that consist of three painted panels, such as The Annunciation [Mérode Altarpiece] by Robert Campin, are called  
  17. triptychs.
  18.  
  19.  Question 4
  20.  
  21. How did Xu Wei, with paintings like Grapes, change traditional Chinese watercolor painting?
  22.  Answer
  23.  
  24. he introduced a more free-forma and expressive style
  25.  
  26.  Question 5
  27. Where is the focal point in Giotto's Lamentation?
  28.  Answer    
  29. Jesus' head
  30.   Question 6
  31. A master of perspective, _______ painted The Glorification of Saint Ignatius for the Church of Sant' Ignazio in Rome.
  32. Answer:
  33.  
  34. Fra Andrea Pozzo
  35.  Question 7
  36.  
  37. Artists can create a sense of luminous materiality in oil painting (p. 227) by brushing thin films of transparent color onto the surface, a process called:
  38.  Answer
  39. glazing.
  40.  
  41. question 8
  42. Mixed media artists (p. 239) have achieved what important innovation in art?
  43.  Answer
  44.    
  45. the extension of a painting's "space" from two dimensions to three
  46.  Question 9
  47. Andrew Wyeth's Braids (p. 227) illustrates the detail the artist is able to achieve using the medium of _______.
  48.  Answer
  49. egg tempera
  50.  Question 10
  51. Illusionism in fresco painting reaches its apogee in________, perhaps the most famous fresco painting ever produced.
  52.  Answer
  53. Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling
  54. Question 11
  55. Painting was largely considered a craft, lesser than other "arts" like poetry and music, until:
  56.  Answer
  57.  
  58. the Renaissance.
  59. Question 12
  60. Antonio Lopez Garcia's New Refrigerator may seem like odd subject matter for a painting, but it actually falls within a long line of which of these artistic traditions?
  61.  Answer
  62. still-life
  63.  Question 13
  64. What is the main advantage of using oil paint over other paint media?
  65.  Answer
  66.  
  67. it dries slower allowing for more naturalistic development
  68. Question 14
  69. When an artist paints with a mixture of watercolor pigment and Chinese white chalk, the process (p. 236) is called:
  70.  Answer
  71.  
  72. gouache.
  73. Question 15
  74. Which of these painting techniques utilize multiple, thin layers of transparent paint to create a sense of luminous materiality?
  75.  Answer    
  76. glazing
  77.  Question 16
  78. With the technique of fresco secco, as illustrated in the Ajanta Buddhist caves, the artist:
  79.  Answer
  80.  
  81. applies the paint into fresh plaster making the painting very durable.
  82. Question 17
  83. Mummy Portrait of a Man was created using _______, a combination of pigment and hot wax.
  84.  Answer
  85. encaustic
  86.  
  87. Question 18
  88. Winslow Homer's A Wall, Nassau was made using:
  89.  Answer
  90. watercolor washes.
  91. Question 19
  92.  
  93. A traditional ground for tempera paintings (p. 223) is ______, a mixture of glue and plaster of Paris or chalk.
  94.  Answer
  95.  
  96. gesso
  97.  Question 20
  98.  
  99. Watercolor painting is such a spontaneous process (p. 234) that many people think of it as:
  100.  Answer
  101. a form of drawing.
  102.  
  103.  Question 21
  104. The Bodhisattva painting (p. 220), painted with the technique of fresco secco, which is often very fragile, is remarkable because:
  105.  Answer
  106. it is so well-preserved since it was painted in such a dry environment.
  107.  Question 22
  108. Painter Helen Frankenthaler (p. 238) moved from staining her canvases with oil to using which painting medium?
  109.  Answer
  110. Selected Answer:
  111.  
  112. acrylic
  113.  Question 23
  114. Marcia Gygli King's Springs Upstate is different from traditional painting in that:
  115.  Answer
  116.  
  117. it projects into three-dimensional space.
  118.  
  119.  Question 25
  120. One of the superior aspects of oil paint (pp. 227-228) is that the artist can:
  121.  Answer
  122.    
  123. All of the above.
  124.  
  125. .
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