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Sociology 1 Terms

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  1. Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
  2. Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology's structural-functional approach.
  3.  
  4. being openly political.
  5. The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for
  6.  
  7. Each player understands the game a little differently.
  8. Which of the following statements is based on a symbolic-interaction analysis of sports?
  9.  
  10. Harriet Martineau
  11. Who helped launch the discipline of sociology by studying the evils of slavery and also by translating the writings of Auguste Comte?
  12.  
  13. how sports reflect social inequality
  14. Which of the following would be the focus of a social-conflict analysis of sports?
  15.  
  16. In many ways, men are in positions of power over women.
  17. Which of the following statements might be made by a sociologist using the gender-conflict approach?
  18.  
  19. It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  20. Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
  21.  
  22. ignores the influence of factors such as culture, class, gender, and race.
  23. A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it
  24.  
  25. Jane Addams
  26. Which pioneering sociologist founded Chicago's Hull House to assist immigrants and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
  27.  
  28. keeping young people out of the labor force, which may not have jobs for them
  29. Which of the following is the BEST example of a latent function of going to college?
  30.  
  31. latent functions
  32. Building social relationships and creating jobs are two of the ____ of sports.
  33.  
  34. latent functions.
  35. Unrecognized and unintended consequences of a social pattern are called
  36.  
  37. less a system than an ongoing process.
  38. Using the symbolic-interaction approach, sports becomes
  39.  
  40. Max Weber
  41. Which of the following founding sociologists urged sociologists to understand a social setting from the point of view of the people in it?
  42.  
  43. manifest functions.
  44. The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as
  45.  
  46. may be dysfunctional for another category.
  47. Robert Merton explained that what is functional for one category of a society's population
  48.  
  49. not critical of inequalities based on social class, race, ethnicity, and gender
  50. Which of the following is a criticism of the structural-functional approach?
  51.  
  52. People typically seek mates who offer as much as they do.
  53. Which of the following statements reflects a social-exchange analysis?
  54.  
  55. providing recreation and physical conditioning
  56. Which of the following is a manifest function of sports?
  57.  
  58. Robert K. Merton
  59. Who was the U.S. sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
  60.  
  61. social structure
  62. Which concept is used to describe relatively stable patterns of social behavior?
  63.  
  64. social-conflict approach.
  65. The "framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change" is the
  66.  
  67. structural-functional
  68. The main characteristic of the _____ approach is its view of society as being orderly and stable.
  69.  
  70. structural-functional and social-conflict
  71. The _____ approaches are macro-level, describing societies in broad terms.
  72.  
  73. structural-functional approach.
  74. The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability is the
  75.  
  76. symbolic-interaction approach
  77. Which theoretical approach claims that it is not so much what people do that matters as much as what meaning they attach to their behavior?
  78.  
  79. the consequences of social patterns for the operation of society
  80. Which of the following BEST describes the focus of the structural-functional approach?
  81.  
  82. the human body.
  83. Herbert Spencer described human society as a complex system having much in common with
  84.  
  85. the positions typically played by white and black players.
  86. Racial discrimination in professional sports is evident today in
  87.  
  88. the race-conflict approach
  89. Which theoretical approach would highlight the fact that, on average, African American families have less income than white families?
  90.  
  91. the structural-functional approach
  92. Which theoretical approach was used by the early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
  93.  
  94. they are American citizens who have a second identity based on skin color.
  95. W.E.B. Du Bois described African Americans as having a "double consciousness" because
  96.  
  97. to bring about greater social justice.
  98. Karl Marx, speaking for the social-conflict approach, argued that the point of studying society was
  99.  
  100. tracking provides some students with far better schooling than others.
  101. Looking at the operation of U.S. schools, the social-conflict approach might lead a sociologist to conclude that
  102.  
  103. two people on an airplane getting to know one another
  104. Which of the following examples illustrates a micro-level focus?
  105.  
  106. W.E.B. Du Bois
  107. Which early sociologist received the first doctorate ever awarded by Harvard University to a person of color?
  108.  
  109. What are the consequences of marriage for the operation of society?
  110. Using the structural-functional approach, which of the following questions might you ask about marriage?
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